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## Case Study Questions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

Here we are providing case study questions for CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure .

Case Study Questions

Question 1:

The discovery of atmospheric pressure gives a fact that air has weight. The weight of the atmosphere presses down on the earth’s surface and creates pressure on it. The pressure at any point exerted by the weight of the air above is called atmospheric pressure. The atmospheric pressure on the earth’s surface at sea level is one hundred thousand pascals i.e., 100 KPa. The atmospheric pressure at a place decrease with an increase in altitude. The atmospheric pressure at a place is the force exerted by the weight of the air column above that place. As we go up the length of the air column above us decreases. This means that its weight and the atmospheric pressure are smaller at higher places than at sea level. If the pressure of the atmosphere is removed suddenly, our blood vessels and tissues will rupture due to the pressure of the blood and other fluids inside. Thus, the spacemen also wear special pressurised suits as in space there is no air and hence, no air pressure. At the top of a mountain, some people can feel their ears “popping” due to a decrease in air pressure. The ears pop to balance the difference in pressure inside and outside the body.

a) What is atmospheric pressure? b) We know that there is a huge amount of atmospheric pressure on us. But we do not experience its effect. Why? c) Why do some people feel their ears “popping” at the top of the mountain?

a) The pressure exerted by the air around us is known as atmospheric pressure.

b) The pressure of the air inside our body is the same as that of the pressure outside. Therefore, we do not experience its effect.

c) Some people feel their ear-popping at the top of the mountain due to the decrease in the air pressure. The ears pop to balance the difference in pressures inside and outside of the body.

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• Force and Pressure Class 8 Case Study Questions Science Chapter 8

Last Updated on May 16, 2024 by XAM CONTENT

Hello students, we are providing case study questions for class 8 science. Case study questions are the new question format that is introduced in CBSE board. The resources for case study questions are very less. So, to help students we have created chapterwise case study questions for class 8 science. In this article, you will find case study questions for cbse class 8 science chapter 8 Force and Pressure.

## Case Study Questions on Force and Pressure

Question 1:

In a game of volleyball, players often push the moving ball to their team mates to make a winning move. Sometimes the ball is returned to the other side of the court by pushing or smashing it. In cricket, a batsman plays his or her shot by applying a force on the ball with the bat.

Q.1. What kind of force is applied by a batsman on a ball while hitting it? (a) Magnetic Force (b) Muscular Force (c) Frictional Force (d) Gravitation Force

Difficulty Level: Easy

Ans. Option (b) is correct. Explanation: While hitting a ball, the force is caused by the action of muscles in batsman’s body. The force resulting due to the action of muscles is known as the muscular force.

Q. 2. Force can be defined as: (a) Work done (b) Energy required to do work (c) Push or Pull (d) Push only

Ans. Option (c) is correct. Explanation: A push or a pull on an object is called a force.

Q.3. In the given example of volleyball game, what changes force brought about on the volleyball? (a) Change in direction of motion (b) Change in shape (c) Change in state of motion (d) Both Option (a) and (c)

Ans. Option (a) and (c) Explanation: When players hit the volleyball, its speed changes and also the direction of its motion changes.

Q.4. How do you describe state of motion?

Difficulty Level: Medium

Ans. A change in either the speed of an object, or its direction of motion, or both, is described as a change in its state of motion. The state of rest is considered to be the state of zero speed. An object may be at rest or in motion; both are its states of motion.

Q. 5. Give two examples showing that force has brought about change in shape of an object.

Ans. 1. Pressing a ball of dough by roller pin to make chapati. 2. Stretching a rubber band.

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Crop production and management class 8 case study questions science chapter 1, topics from which case study questions may be asked.

• Learn the basic concept of force.
• Understand the various facets of force.
• Learn about the different changes that are due to the application of force.
• Learn different types of forces.
• Understand the concept of pressure.
• Learn about pressure exerted by liquids and gases (atmospheric pressure).

A push or pull on an object is known as force. Force can be of two types: Contact Force and Non-Contact Force. Force per unit area is called pressure. Liquids and gases exert pressure on the walls of their containers. The pressure exerted by air around us is known as atmospheric pressure. This chapter deals with force and pressure.

## Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Force and Pressure Case Study Questions

Q1: what are case study questions for cbse examinations.

A1: Case study questions in CBSE examinations typically involve scenarios or real-life examples, requiring students to apply their understanding of concepts to solve problems or analyze situations.

## Q2: Why are case study questions important for understanding class 8 science chapters?

A2: Case study questions provide a practical context for students to apply theoretical knowledge to real-world situations, fostering deeper understanding and critical thinking skills.

## Q3: How should students approach answering case study questions for CBSE?

A3: Students should carefully read the case study, identify the key issues or problems presented, analyze the information provided, apply relevant concepts and principles of force and pressure, and formulate well-supported solutions or responses.

## Q4: Are there any resources available online for students to practice case study questions on class 8 science chapters for CBSE exams?

A4: Yes, several educational websites offer case study questions for CBSE students preparing for science examinations. We also offer a collection of case study questions for all classes and subject on our website. Visit our  website  to access these questions and enhance your learning experience.

## Q5: How can students effectively prepare for case study questions on force and pressure for CBSE exams?

A5: Effective preparation strategies include regular revision of concepts, solving practice questions, analyzing case studies from previous exams, seeking clarification on doubts, and consulting with teachers or peers for guidance and support.

## Q6: How can teachers incorporate case study questions on force and pressure class 8 science into classroom teaching?

A6: Teachers can integrate case studies into lesson plans, group discussions, or interactive activities to engage students in active learning, promote problem-solving skills, and facilitate a deeper understanding of force and pressure concepts.

## Q7: Can the attraction and repulsion between two magnets be termed as application of force in between them?

A7: Yes, attraction and repulsion between two magnets is push and pull due to application of magnetic force.

## Q8: Define pressure.

A8: The force acting on a unit area of a surface is called pressure.

## Q9: Why does a balloon or a cycle tyre increase in size and become stiff when air is filled in them?

A9: When air is filled in balloons or cycle tyre, the air molecules start exerting pressure on the walls of balloon or tyre, thus their size increases and they become stiff.

## Q10: Differentiate between contact forces and non-contact forces. Give two examples of each.

A10: Contact forces are those forces that need to be in contact of the object to show its effect. Example, Muscular Force and Frictional Force. Non-contact forces are those that can be applied without being in contact with the object. Example, Electrostatic and Magnetic Forces.

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• Important Questions for CBSE Class 8 Science Solutions Chapter 11 - Force and Pressure

## CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter-11 Important Questions - Free PDF Download

Class 8 is one of the most important classes for a student where all the fundamentals of every subject are present. If someone understands class 8 contents properly then it will be equally beneficial for them in the higher standards. The important questions for class 8 science chapter 11 are all there to help you score good marks in exams. Chapter 11 of Class 8 Science Subject is all about force, pressure, and related terminologies. It gives you the definition of force, types of force like electrostatic, contact, and gravitational types. The chapter also focuses on concepts of pressure. Here you don't have to spend time making important notes and taking down questions. We have selected the best force and pressure class 8 important questions answers for your understanding.

Register online for Class 8 Science tuition on Vedantu.com to score more marks in your examination.

Vedantu is a platform that provides free CBSE Solutions (NCERT) and other study materials for students. Maths Students who are looking for the better solutions ,they can download Class 8 Maths NCERT Solutions to help you to revise complete syllabus and score more marks in your examinations.

## Important Topics Covered in Class 8 Science Solutions

Here are some important topics and subtopics of Chapter 11 - Force and Pressure that students must go through to study meticulously to excel in the subject. Our NCERT Solutions are prepared to keep in mind these important topics.

Force – A Push or a Pull

Forces are due to an Interaction

Exploring Forces

A Force can Change the State of Motion

Force can Change the Shape of an Object

Contact Forces

Non-Contact Forces

Pressure Exerted by Liquids and Gases

Atmospheric Pressure

## Study Important Questions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 – Force and Pressure

Multiple Choice Questions

1. Which one of the following forces always opposes motion?

gravitational force

electrostatic force

muscular force

Ans: D. friction

2. Pressure is defined as _____________.

force per unit area

force per square unit area

force per area

Ans : A. force per unit area

3. Which one of the following statements is false about force.

Forces applied to an object need not to be in the same direction.

No objects interaction is required for a force to come into play.

Motion imparted to objects will be due to the action of a force.

The strength of a force is usually expressed by its magnitude.

Ans : B. No objects interaction is required for a force to come into play.

4. When a force applied on an object are equal and opposite, then this force

May move the object.

Change the shape of the object and may move the object.

May stop a moving object.

Do not move the object but may cause a change in its shape.

Ans: D. Do not move the object but may cause a change in its shape.

5. Leaves and fruits fall to the ground when they get detached from a plant. Which one of the following forces is acting on it?

magnetic force

Ans: C. gravitational force

6. Which one of the following is an example of contact force?

Ans: B. muscular force

## Very Short Answer Questions                                                           1 Marks

1. What is a force?

Ans: Force is a push or a pull exerted on one object from another.

2. The strength of a force is usually expressed by its_______________.

Ans: Magnitude.

3. Objects or things fall towards the earth because it pulls them. This force is called the ______.

Ans: Force of gravity or gravitational force.

4. Write the formula to find out pressure.

Ans : The formula of pressure is:

Pressure= Force/Area

5. State whether the following statement is True or False.

Gases exert pressure on the walls of their container.

Ans: True. Gaseous particles move randomly and due to this motion, they also hit the walls of the container, thus creating pressure on its walls.

6. The pressure exerted by this air is known as __________________.

Ans: Atmospheric pressure.

7. Which force acts on every object in the universe?

Ans: Gravitational force acts on every object in the universe.

## Short Answers Questions                                                                   2 Marks

1. Find out the type of force acting on the below situations.

A coin or a pen falls to the ground when it slips out of your hand.

Ans: Gravitational force acts when something falls to the ground after slipping out of our hand.

A boat comes to rest if we stop rowing it.

Ans: A boat comes to rest if we stop rowing due to friction.

When a person lifts a bucket of water.

Ans: Muscular force acts when a person lifts a bucket of water.

2. Describe the state of motion of an object.

Ans: The motion of an object is defined by its speed and direction. The resting state is considered to be the state of zero speed. An object may rest or move; these can be its two states of motion.

3. Write one point of difference between contact and non-contact force with an example.

Ans: A point of difference between contact and non-contact force along with an example is provided below,

4. Why do you think a ball rolling along the ground gradually slows down and comes to rest?

Ans: A ball rolling along the ground gradually slows down and comes to rest due to friction. This force of friction acts between the surface of the ball and the ground and acts opposite to the direction of motion which brings the ball to rest after some time.

5. Porters place a round piece of cloth on their heads when they have to carry heavy loads. Why?

Ans: Porters place a round piece of cloth on their head when they have to carry heavy loads because this increases the area of contact of the load and their head which decreases the pressure on their head. Since pressure is inversely proportional to the area of contact. This makes it easier for porters to carry heavy loads.

6. What type of force is friction – contact or non-contact? Why?

Ans: Friction is a contact force because it arises due to contact between two surfaces. The surface of contact witnesses’ frictional motion while rubbing against each other. This force acts in the direction opposite to the direction of motion.

7. Why do you think pressure acts on the area of a surface?

Ans: Pressure is inversely proportional to the area of the surface, that is, a small area will provide greater pressure with the same amount of force applied. This means that a pointed needle will hurt more or exert more pressure than a plank of wood with the same force applied on both.

8. Do you think sometimes the application of force does not result in a change in the state of motion? Describe with an example.

Ans: Sometimes application of force does not result in a change in the state of motion. This does not mean that force is not applied instead, it means that the force applied is not enough to move the object.

For example, applying pressure on a  wall or a heavy stone and may not move.

9. Why does a rubber sucker stick to the surface of any object?

Ans: The rubber sucker sticks to the surface of any object because of the pressure of the atmosphere that acts on it.

10. Define muscular force. Give examples.

Ans: The force exerted due to the action of the muscles of someone’s body is called muscular force. For example, running, lifting something, jumping, etc.

11. Write a short on the electrostatic force.

Ans : Electrostatic force is the force caused due to attraction or repulsion of electric charges between two particles. This is a non-contact force, therefore it acts when two charged bodies are brought closer to each other. It is also known as Coulomb’s force.

## Long Answer Questions                                                                    3 Marks

1. Describe an activity to show that ‘a force can change the state of motion.

Ans: To show that a force can change the state of motion place a rubber ball on any flat surface. Now, push the ball in any direction along the surface. Pushing it again increases its speed while placing a palm in front of it stops its motion and brings the ball to rest. It will move again if a force is applied to it. This proves that a force can change the state of motion.

2. What are the effects of the application of force on an object? Explain.

Ans: The effects of the application of force on an object are:

a. The shape of an object can be changed.

For example, a cricket ball changes its shape temporarily when hit by the bat.

b. The direction of a moving object can be changed.

For example, the direction of the cricket ball changes when hit by the bat.

c. A moving object can be brought to rest.

For example, putting a hand in front of a rolling ball brings it to rest.

d. A stationary object can be brought to motion.

For example, rolling a stationary ball on a plane surface brings it to motion.

e. It can change the speed of an object.

For example, further pushing a rolling ball on a surface in the same direction as its motion increases its speed.

3. Demonstrate an experiment to show that liquids exert pressure on the walls of the container.

Ans: To show that liquids exert pressure on the walls of the container, take a plastic bottle and fix a cylindrical glass tube of a few centimetres near its bottom. To do this, you can simply heat an end of the glass tube and insert it immediately near the bottom of the plastic bottle. Seal any leakage, if present, with molten wax. Now, cover the open end of the glass tube with a thin rubber sheet. Fill half of the bottle with water.

Note that the rubber sheet bulges out due to the pressure applied by water. This proves that liquids exert pressure on the walls of the container.

## Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Content

Chapter 11 is all about the fundamental concepts of pressure and force. The chapter starts with the learning force as a result of pushing and pulling along with forces due to an interaction. As one dive deeper into the chapter, you will explore forces, their magnitude, difference between them, qualitative and quantitative analysis. Next, you have the different applications of force. It can change the state of motion and also the shape of an object. Here you get to learn about how to apply force and what are the actions produced by it. Questions from all these sections are there in class 8 force and pressure cbse important questions.

Next, we have contact forces that start with muscular force about how you can push or lift an object easily. Then there is a short introduction on friction after which the section for noncontact forces starts. Here you will get to learn about certain types of forces like magnetic, electrostatic, and gravitational. Further, you have pressure where one will learn about the formula relating to force and pressure which is one of the basic formulas of physics. Then one will get to learn about the application of pressure on gases and liquids. There are various experiments and activities which will help you understand better. Lastly, there is an introduction and activity related to atmospheric pressure. The chapter serves as the foundation for physics in higher classes. And only important questions for class 8 science chapter 11 can help you learn better.

## Force And Pressure Class 8 Important Questions Answers – Long Type

There are plenty of class 8 forces and pressure cbse important questions. But here we have picked up some of the important ones.

1. Describe the Various Types of Forces.

Answer: Just by contacting or even from a distance, any force can act on a body. Hence, forces can be further classified into majorly two types: Contact forces and Non Contact forces.

Contact forces are the ones who act on a body as a result of applying indirect or direct physical contact. Generally frictional and muscular force examples of contact forces. The action of muscles tends to produce a force which is known as the muscular force. While, there is a constant force that resists the mutual motion between solid surfaces, material surfaces, or fluid layers that are sliding against each other. It is known as the frictional force or just friction.

Non-contact forces are the exact opposite of the contact once. Here there is no direct contact between the two bodies who are applying forces to each other. The electrostatic, magnetic, and gravitational forces examples falling under this section. The electrostatic force is the force that is exerted by a charged particle on another body. The magnetic force is the force that is exerted by a magnetic material or a magnet on another magnet or similar material. While the gravitational force or simply gravity is the Earth’s attractive force which is exerted upon all its objects.

## Force And Pressure Class 8 Important Questions Answers – Short Type

There are plenty of class 8 science chapter 11 important questions. But here we have picked up some of the important ones.

1. Differentiate Between Non-Contact and Contact Forces.

Answer: Non-contact forces are the ones that can be applied to a body without direct or indirect contact. Examples of such forces are magnetic, electrostatic, and gravitational. Contact forces on the other hand are the exact opposite of non-contact forces as they can be applied to a body by coming in direct contact or touching. Examples of such force are muscular and frictional.

2. Why is it More Difficult to Walk with Sharp Heels on Sand Than with Flat Slippers?

Answer: A sharp heeled shoe will have a little area in touch with the sand. It exerts a much greater pressure on the sand. Hence, it is difficult to walk with high heels as the heels sink deeper into the sand due to high pressure. On the other hand, for flat slippers, a larger amount of area is in contact with the sand. It exerts a much lower pressure on the sand. Therefore, it is much easier to walk on the sand with flatter shoes than with high heels.

3. Describe the Force Effects on an Object.

Answer: It is very common in class 8 science chapter 11 important questions. Force can change the shape of an object but also can change the motion state too. It can also change the speed of an object, turn it or change its direction.

4. An Electromagnet is Sticking to a Car at a Junkyard. Name the Forces and Which is Higher.

Answer: The weight of the car or gravitational force acts downward. While the force of magnetic attraction acts in an upward direction. The gravitational force is lesser than the magnetic force.

## Chapter 11 Science Class 8 Important Questions

Let’s take a look at some of the important questions which are mentioned below:

The dough is rolled in the form of a chapati. What is the force that is changing the shape of the dough?

How to check whether an object is moving slower than the other?

Two forces are operating in the same direction. What will be the result?

Why does the ball start moving from rest when it is pushed?

Discuss the pressure exerted by gases and liquids.

Why is the electrostatic force a type of non-contact force?

Why are the wheels of cars and scooters lighter than that of buses and trucks?

What is the effect of gravitational force on dust?

Does gravity exist between astronauts in space? Explain.

It is difficult to burst an inflated balloon with your finger but it becomes easier with the needle. Why?

How is atmospheric pressure measured?

Small pieces fall while sieving grains. What is the force pulling them down?

Why do two thermocol balls move further away from each other when placed closely ? Explain the phenomenon.

## Benefits of Force And Pressure Class 8 Important Questions Answers

There are various benefits of force and pressure class 8 important questions as it has been prepared by the best faculties from all over the country. It is an essential study material available for class 8 students. Here all the questions can clear your concepts from the very basics. The solutions will help you understand what to write in the exams to fetch more marks. It helps the student to understand where they need to concentrate and practice more. One gets a clear idea about the question paper pattern. It will help you to prepare for the exams and revise properly for all subparts. Students will understand their time management capabilities on where they require more time to solve. It will increase their efficiency levels to score full marks.

## Force And Pressure Class 8 Preparation

The force and pressure class 8 important questions answers will help you with the ultimate preparation to achieve academic supremacy. The force and pressure chapter has a lot of portions and concepts that require clarity. Memorizing would not help because often you get analytical reasoning questions in the exam. The questions will help you understand the syllabus better. Not only does one need to complete the syllabus, but also revise all the concepts. The solutions are there with proper steps and easy language for the students to grasp. The chapter-wise solutions are exam preparation tools. You get to know about the keywords which will fetch you marks. The questions and solutions have been prepared in complete accordance with the current CBSE syllabus by expert professionals. All the solutions are given in the order of the chapter so that a student is not confused about what to study.

## Solved Examples

1. Which is a Contact Force?

a. Friction

c. Electrostatic

d. Magnetic

2. The Force Strength is Expressed by Which Property?

b. Latitudinal Force

c. Longitudinal Force

d. Magnitude

3. What Does Force Change in an Object?

c.  Motion

D. All of the above

4. What Does a Spring Balance Measure?

c.  Mass

d. Pressure

5. Two Forces are Acting In Different or Opposite Directions. What is the Net Pressure Across Them?

a. Summation of the forces.

b. The difference between the forces.

c. Both of the above

d. None of the above

The NCERT Important Questions with Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 - Force and Pressure by Vedantu are prepared to aid students in focusing on all the important concepts of the chapter by making them solve the extra questions.

The detailed and accurate solutions created by our experts ensures to improve students’ conceptual knowledge. With our Important Question with Solutions, students will be able to answer the textbook questions quickly and will know the best ways to write an answer to score better in the exams. Thus, download the free PDF of Important Questions for CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 11 - Force and Pressure today.

## Conclusion

Vedantu's offering of " Important Questions for CBSE Class 8 Science Solutions Chapter 11 - Force and Pressure" is an invaluable resource for students. These questions are strategically curated to focus on key scientific concepts related to force and pressure, aiding in comprehensive exam preparation. Vedantu's commitment to providing these resources enhances accessibility to quality educational materials, empowering students in their academic journey. By offering these important questions, Vedantu not only promotes excellence in scientific studies but also cultivates critical thinking skills, encouraging students to delve deeper into the fascinating world of forces and their effects. They serve as a pivotal tool for nurturing scientific curiosity and understanding, reflecting Vedantu's admirable dedication to education and scientific exploration.

## FAQs on Important Questions for CBSE Class 8 Science Solutions Chapter 11 - Force and Pressure

Q1. What is a force according to Chapter 11 of Class 8 Science?

Ans: Any push or pull applied on a body is termed as the force. When a person applies force on an object, work is being done. The body will move from its original position if the force applied is more than the weight of the body. The body will not move from its original position if the force applied is not more than the weight of the body. For example, if a man tries to move a table, it will get displaced easily. Refer to Vedantu’s NCERT solutions or important questions to understand the types of questions you can expect in the exam.

Q2. What is pressure according to Chapter 11 of Class 8 Science?

Ans: Pressure is a quantity measured by the force applied to a unit area. Pressure helps in our daily lives. For example, the porter keeps a broader cloth on his head when he has to carry heavy loads. This is because when he makes the cloth broader it increases the area of contact and this will help to reduce the pressure on the head. Thus, understanding the relation between pressure, force, and area of contact is important for the students to understand the daily living activities.

Q3. What tricks can reduce the pressure in everyday activities according to Chapter 11 Force And Pressure Class 8 Science?

Ans: Pressure can be reduced in everyday activities by increasing the area of contact with the surface. For example, the straps of school bags are made broader and not thin. This is because when straps are made broader this increases the area of contact and the weight of the bag will fall over a larger area on the shoulder of children. This will help in reducing the pressure on the shoulders of children and make it easier to carry heavy school bags.

Q4. What do you know about contact and non-contact forces?

Ans: Contact forces are the forces that can be applied when two bodies come in contact with each other. The bodies should be in direct or indirect contact. Muscular force and frictional force are contact forces. For example, frictional force occurs between the soles of shoes and the floor and helps us in walking on the floor.  Indirect forces are the forces that can occur without direct or indirect contact between the two bodies. Magnetic, electrostatic, and gravitational are non-contact forces.

These solutions are available on Vedantu's official website( vedantu ) and mobile app free of cost.

Q5. The depression in the sand caused by a woman wearing heels is greater than the depression caused by the feet of an elephant. Why?

Ans: The heels of a woman cause more depression in the sand as compared to the feet of an elephant because the heel of a woman has a smaller area of contact which causes more pressure on the sand and produces a larger depression. The feet of an elephant are broader than the heels of a woman. Thus, the area of contact of the feet of an elephant is greater which reduces the pressure on the sand and causes lesser depression.

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## Important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11

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## Important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11 – Force and Pressure

Science is a very important subject taught in school. It helps us  solve all real-life problems with logic and clarity. In this chapter, students will study force and pressure.

In physics, the force can be defined as an influence that changes an object’s motion. The force can be applied from outside of an object, or it can be an internal influence. On the other hand, pressure is the force applied perpendicularly to every unit of an area. Thus, the pressure depends on the force and the area.  Students must spend as much time as possible practising the chapter’s questions.

Extramarks is a leading company that provides all the important study materials. Our experts have made the Important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11 to help students in practice. They collected the questions from different sources, such as the textbook exercises, CBSE sample papers, CBSE past years’ question papers, and important reference books. They have solved the questions too. Thus, this article will help students to score better on exams.

Extramarks is a very reputed company in India, and we provide all the necessary study materials related to CBSE and NCERT. You can download these study materials after registering on our official website. You will find the CBSE syllabus, CBSE past years’ question papers, CBSE sample papers, CBSE extra questions, CBSE revision notes, NCERT books, NCERT important questions, NCERT solutions, NCERT Exemplar, vital formulas, and many more.

## Get Access to CBSE Class 8 Science Important Questions 2022-23 with Chapter-Wise Solutions

You can also find CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter-by-Chapter Important Questions here:

## Important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11 – With Solutions

Extramarks is a leading company that provides all the important study materials. Our experts have made this question series after collecting suitable questions from different sources. They have accumulated the questions from the textbook exercises, CBSE sample papers, CBSE past years’ question papers, important reference books, and NCERT exemplars. They have also solved the questions, and experienced professionals have further checked the answers to ensure the best quality of the content. Thus, the Important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11 will help students  score better in exams. The important questions are-

Question 1. Give any two examples of each situation where you push or pull to change the state of motion of the objects.

Examples of  situations where you push or pull to change the state of the motion of objects.

• The Pull situations are-
• i) In order to open a drawer, we will eventually have to pull it. This action results in a change in the state of motion of the drawer.
• ii) To draw water from a well, the rope is pulled by applying force. This action results in a change in the state of motion of the bucket.
• The Push Situations are
• i) A football is pushed by the foot of a player. This action results in a change in the state of motion of the ball.
• ii) To move the heavy box from one room to another, we will need to push it.This action results in a change in the motion of the box.

Question 2. Give any two examples of situations in which the applied force causes a major change in the shape of an object.

The forces that change the shape of the object are as follows:

• i) By pressing the clay between our hands, it deforms.
• ii) The shape of the plastic bottle also changes by squeezing it.

Question 3. An archer stretches her bow while taking aim at a target. She then releases the arrow, which then begins to move towards the target. Based on the above information, fill in the gaps in the following statements using these terms.

muscular, contact, noncontact, gravity, friction, shape, and attraction

(i) The Archer applies force to stretch the bow. This force causes a change in its __________.

(ii) The Archer applies force to stretch the bow. The force applied is an example of __________ force.

(iii) The type of force that is responsible for a change in the state of the arrow’s motion is an example of a __________ force.

(iv) While the arrow moves towards its target, the forces acting on it result from __________ and from __________ of air.

(i)The Archer applies a force to stretch the bow. This force causes a change in its shape.

(ii)The Archer applies a force to stretch the bow. The force applied is an example of muscular force.

(iii) The type of force that is responsible for a change in the state of the motion of the arrow is an example of the contact force.

(iv) While the arrow moves towards its intended target, the forces acting on it result from gravity and from the friction of the air.

Question 4. In the following situations, identify the agent that exerts the force and the object on which it acts. Also, state the effect of the force in each case.

(i) Squeezing a lemon between your fingers to extract lemon juice

(ii) Taking out paste from a toothpaste tube.

(iii) A load that is suspended from a spring while its other end is attached to a hook fixed to a wall.

(iv) An athlete making a high jump to clear the bar at a certain height

• i) We use muscular force to extract the juice of a lemon by squeezing it between the fingers. As a result, the shape of the lemon changes.
• ii) To take out the paste from the toothpaste tube, we use muscular force. This muscular force acts on the toothpaste tube, leading to a change in its shape.

iii) Here, the suspended load exerts a force on the spring, which results in pushing the spring downwards. As a result, the spring gets stretched. Hence, its shape changes.

• iv) The feet of the athlete exert a muscular force on the ground, which then pushes the ground. This force then allows him to jump over the bar. As a result, the state of motion gets changed.

Question 5. While making a tool, a blacksmith hammers the tool with a hot piece of iron. How does the force involved in the hammering affect this piece of iron?

When hammering a hot piece of iron, a blacksmith uses muscular force. This muscular force results in the changing of the shape of the hot iron so that it can result in the desired shape.

Question 6. An inflated balloon is pressed against the wall after being rubbed with a piece of synthetic cloth. It was found that after rubbing the balloon, it stuck to the wall. What force is responsible for the attraction that is between the balloon and the wall?

When an inflated balloon is rubbed together with a piece of synthetic cloth, the balloon becomes charged. And a charged body always attracts an uncharged body. So, when this charged balloon is pressed against a wall, it sticks to the wall. Thus, an electrostatic force is generated that acts between the charged balloon and the wall.

Question 7. Name the forces that act on a plastic bucket containing water that is held above ground level in your hand. Also, discuss why these forces acting on the bucket do not bring about a change in its state of motion.

To hold these buckets of water above the ground, we have to use muscular force. Now, this muscular force acts against the force of gravity (gravitational force) that pulls the bucket towards the ground. Hence, the two forces are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction. Hence, the net force applied to the bucket is zero. Also, there is no change in the state of motion.

Question 8. . A rocket has been fired upwards in the sky to launch a satellite in its orbit. Name the two forces that act on the rocket immediately after it leaves the launching pad.

The force of gravity (gravitational force) is one of the forces that act on the rocket, and it tries to pull it towards the ground, while the other one is the force of friction applied due to the earth’s atmosphere, which opposes its motion.

Question 9. When we press the bulb of the dropper with its nozzle, which is kept in the water, the air present in the dropper is seen to escape in the form of water bubbles. And once we release the pressure on the bulb of the dropper, water gets filled in the dropper. This rise in dropper water is caused by

(i) the pressure of water.

(ii) gravity of the earth.

(iii) shape of a rubber bulb.

(iv) Atmospheric Pressure

Option iv is the right answer.

Explanation- The amount of water in the dropper increases due to atmospheric pressure.

When all the air escapes from the dropper’s nozzle by applying pressure, the atmospheric pressure then acts on the water forces the water in an upward direction and fills the nozzle of the dropper.

Question 10. During the dry weather, while combing our hair, we sometimes experience hair flying apart. The force responsible for this is

(i) force of gravity.

(ii) electrostatic force.

(iii) the force of friction.

(iv) magnetic force.

The correct answer is (ii) electrostatic force.

Explanation:

On combing our hair, the comb and hair get oppositely charged due to electrostatic force.

Question 11. Two objects repel each other. This force of repulsion could be due to

(i) frictional force only

(ii) electrostatic force only

(iii) magnetic force only

(iv) either a magnetic or an electrostatic force

The correct answer is option (iv), either a magnetic force or an electrostatic force.

Explanation: when two objects are simultaneously experiencing repulsive force, this can be because there may be a presence of an electrostatic force or a magnetic force.

Question 12. Which one of the following forces is a contact force?

(i) force of gravity

(ii) force of friction

(iii) magnetic force

(iv) electrostatic force

The correct answer is (ii) the force of friction.

Explanation :

The force of attraction acts only when these bodies are in contact with each other.

Question 13. Two persons are applying forces to the two opposite sides of a moving cart. The cart still moves after applying the force, with the same speed and in the same direction. What do you understand from the above case about the magnitudes and directions of the forces applied?

The force applied is of equal magnitude in the opposite directions; hence, the cart moves forward at the same speed in the same direction.

Question 14. Two thermocouple balls are held close to each other, and after some time, When they are released, they move away from each other. Name the force that will be responsible for the above phenomenon. Explain it in brief.

Two thermocouple balls are held close to each other, and after some time, when they are released, they move away from each other because of the electrostatic force. The balls having similar charges move away due to the repulsion force acting between similar charges.

Question 15 . An archer horizontally shoots an arrow in the air. However, after flying some distance, the arrow falls to the surface. Name the initial force that acted and set the arrow in motion. Also, explain why the arrow falls down.

The Archer uses muscular force to stretch the string. This muscular force will change the shape of the arrow. When the string that released the arrow regains its original position, the original position is the one that gives it the initial force to set the motion. The arrow falls down because of the gravitational force through which it comes down after some time.

Question 16. It is difficult to cut cloth with scissors that have blunt blades. Explain in brief.

The blunt blade has a larger area as compared to the shard-edged blades. Because of this, the blunt-blade scissors produce low pressure, which makes it difficult to cut the cloth. On the other hand, in a sharp blade, the surface area is much smaller, which in turn increases the pressure produced. This increased pressure makes cutting the cloth easier with sharp blades.

Question 17. Two women are of the same weight. One of them wears sandals with pointed heels, while the other woman wears sandals with flat soles. Which one of them would feel more comfortable while walking on a sandy beach? Also, give reasons for your answer.

Although both women’s heights are the same, they also carry the same weight when they walk. But the woman wearing the sandal with flat heels will be more comfortable than the woman wearing sandals with pointed heels while walking on a sandy beach. This is because the flat soles have a larger surface area as compared to sandals with pointed heels.

Also, the pressure exerted by the woman with pointed heels will be greater as compared to that of the woman wearing sandals with flat soles.

This increased pressure will make walking on sand in sandals with pointed soles difficult.

Question 18 . It is much easier to burst an inflated balloon with a needle than with a finger. Explain why.

It is easier to burst an inflated balloon with a needle rather than with a finger because the pressure exerted on the inflated balloon by a needle will be more as compared to the finger. This larger pressure is due to the smaller area of contact, and so this pressure pierces the surface of the balloon easily, which then makes it burst.

Question 19. A chapati maker is a machine that converts small balls of dough into round chapati. What effect does force have in this process?

Answer 19: The force that comes into play in this process is called pressure.  Hence, the pressure exerted by the chapati maker on the dough converts the small balls of the dough into chapatis.

Question 20. Fruits that get detached from a tree fall due to the force of gravity. We know that this force arises due to the interaction between two different objects. Name the objects interacting in the above case.

Answer 20: Earth and the fruit are the interacting objects in the above case. The force of gravity is applied by the earth to the fruit. Hence, that is why it falls down.

Question 21. Discuss contact and non-contact forces briefly.

• a) Muscular Forces: Muscular Force is the force that is caused by the muscular power of a human being or an animal on any object. It occurs when the object is in contact with the body that is applying the force.

b)Friction: It is applied by the surface in resistance to the motion of an object over it.

Noncontact Forces are-

• a) Magnetic Force: Magnetic Force is the force exerted by the two magnets that can move toward or against each other. It can exist between the magnet and the magnetic object. Hence, this is known as a magnetic force.
• b) Electrostatic Force: The force applied by a charged body to another charged or uncharged body is called electrostatic force.
• c) Gravitational Force: An attractive force between objects that depends on the mass of two bodies is called Gravitational Force.

Question 22. What is force?

In Science, when an object gets displaced or tends to get displaced from its original position, it requires an external agent to do the work. This external agent is called a force. It is of two different types: push force and pull force. Also, force is a vector quantity that has both magnitude and direction.

Question 23. What Can a Force Do?

It can also change the state of the motion of an object.

It can also change the direction of an object.

It can also change the shape of an object.

Question 24. What do you mean by “friction”?

Friction is the kind of force that is actually responsible for changing any kind of state of motion. For example, when an object slides on a smooth surface, the friction generated is less than when the object slides on a rough surface.

Question 25 . What is Pressure?

The pressure on an object is defined as the force which is acting on its square unit surface area.

Pressure = Force divided by the area of the surface

Its unit is newton per m2. Atmospheric pressure is defined as the pressure of the air around us.

Question 26 . Do Liquids and Gases Exert Pressure on the Surface?

Yes, both liquids and gases exert pressure on the surface. It can also be understood with an example. If we fill a balloon with either water or air, then after a certain amount of time, the balloon bursts. This is because of the pressure that is exerted by air or water on the surface of the balloon.

Question 27. When a force applied to an object is equal and opposite in nature, then this force will

• a) May move the object.
• b) Change the shape of an object and may move the object.
• c) May stop a moving object.
• d) Do not move the object but it can cause a change in its shape.

Explanation.

It will not move the object but will cause a change in its shape.

Question 28. Find out the type of force that is acting in the below situations.

• a) A coin or a pen falls down to the ground when it gets slipped out of hand.

Answer: The Gravitational Force acts when a coin or a pen falls to the ground when it slips out of your hand.

• b) A boat comes to rest when someone stops rowing it.

Answer: Due to friction, a boat comes to rest when someone stops rowing it.

c)When a person lifts a heavy bucket of water.

Answer: Muscular Force acts when a person lifts a heavy bucket of water.

Question 29 . Describe the state of motion of an object briefly.

Answer 29: The motion of any object is always defined by its speed and direction. The resting state is always considered to be the state of zero speed. An object may be at rest or in motion; these are its two states of motion.

Question 30. Explain briefly why a ball rolling along the ground gradually slows down and comes to rest.

Answer 30: A ball rolling along the ground always gradually slows down and comes to rest because of friction. In the above case, the frictional force acts between the surface of the ball and the ground and acts opposite to the direction of the motion, which eventually brings the ball to rest after some time.

Question 31. Explain why the porters place a round piece of cloth on their heads whenever they have to carry heavy loads.

Answer 31: Porters place a round piece of cloth on their heads whenever they have to carry heavy loads because, by using this method, their area of contact with the load increases and the pressure on their heads decreases. since the pressure is inversely proportional to the area of contact on their head. This makes it easier for the porters to carry heavy loads.

Question 32. What type of force is friction – a contact or a noncontact force? Why?

Answer 32: Friction is termed “contact force” because it arises due to contact between two surfaces. While rubbing against each other, the contact surface exhibited frictional motion. This frictional force always acts in the direction that is opposite to the direction of the motion.

Question 33. Do you think that sometimes the application of force does not result in a change in the state of motion? Describe this with an example.

Sometimes the application of force does not result in a steady change in the state of motion. This, however, does not mean that the force is not applied; instead, it means that the force that is applied is not enough to result in a change in the state of motion, i.e., move the object.

For example, imagine applying specific pressure to a wall or a heavy stone and it not moving.

Question 34. What are the effects of the application of force on the object? Explain it in brief.

The effects of the application of force on the object are as follows:

• The shape of an object can be changed.

For example, a cricket ball changes shape temporarily when it is hit by a bat.

• The direction of a moving object can also be changed.

For example, the direction of the cricket ball also changes when it is hit by the bat.

iii. A moving object can be easily brought to rest.

For example, putting a hand in front of the rolling ball will bring it to rest.

• A stationary object can easily be brought to motion.

For example, rolling a stationary ball on a flat surface can easily set it in motion.

• It can change the speed of an object.

For example, further pushing a rolling ball on the surface in the same direction as its motion results in an increase in its speed.

Question 35. Demonstrate an experiment to show that the liquids exert pressure on the walls of the container.

Answer 35:  To show that the liquids exert pressure on the walls of the container in which they are filled. We start with a plastic bottle and then attach a few centimetres long cylindrical glass tube near the bottom of the bottle.To do this, you can first simply heat one end of the glass tube and then immediately insert it near the bottom of the plastic bottle. Now, seal any leakage, if present, with molten wax. And then, cover the open end of the glass tube with a thin rubber sheet. Afterwards, fill half of the plastic bottle with water.

Also, note that the rubber sheet bulges out, which happens due to the pressure that is applied by water. The above experiment proves that the liquids exert pressure on the walls of the container.

## Benefits of Solving Important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11

Practice is very important for students to score better in exams. It helps them in many ways, like increasing their confidence, and generating interest in the subject matter, among other things. So, students must take help from other books to solve questions regularly, which will help them become better at the subject. There will be multiple benefits to solving the important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11. These are-

• The experts of Extramarks identify the importance of practice. They have collected the questions from different sources so students can solve them regularly. They have collated the questions from the textbook exercises, CBSE sample papers, important reference books, and NCERT Exemplars. They have also included a few questions from previous years’ CBSE question papers so that students are aware of possible exam questions. Thus, the Important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11 will provide them with a wide range of questions and help them boost their confidence.
• The experts have not only collected the questions  but have also provided the answers. They have solved each of the questions, and students can follow the solutions if they cannot solve any question. They can also check their answers with the answers provided by the experts. Furthermore, experienced professionals have further checked the answers to ensure the best quality of the content. As a result, the Chapter 11 Important Questions for Class 8 Science will also assist them in answering various types of questions, allowing students to feel more confident about the subject matter.
• Many students tend to be afraid of science. They may require assistance in comprehending the subject matter or clarification of their doubts
• Science is a very interesting subject, and one must practise more and more to build their concepts. The experts have taken care of this fact as well. This is why they have not only collected the questions but also provided the answers. Thus, students can follow the solutions, and their doubts get answered. So, the Science Class 8 Chapter 11 Important Questions will guide the students to build their concepts strongly, and they can be interested in the subject matter. Thus, this article will also help them boost their confidence and better prepare for the exams.

Extramarks is a leading company that provides all the important study materials related to CBSE and NCERT. You can download these study materials after registering on our official website. We provide CBSE syllabus, CBSE extra questions, CBSE past years’ question papers, CBSE extra questions, CBSE revision notes, NCERT exemplars, NCERT important questions, NCERT solutions, NCERT books, CBSE sample papers, vital formulas, and many more. Like the Important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11, you will also find important questions for other chapters. The links to the study materials are given below-

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Q.1 What are the characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror How is the position of the image related to the position of the object

Marks: 5 Ans

Characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror: (i) It is virtual. (ii) It is always erect. (iii) It is of the size of the object. (iv) The image is formed as far behind the mirror as the object is in front of it. (v) The image is laterally inverted. (vi) Image is situated on the perpendicular drawn from the object to the mirror. The position of the image is at the same distance behind the mirror as the object is in front of it. If the object is shifted by a distance d towards the mirror, the image will also shift by the same distance d towards the mirror, i.e., the separation between the object and image will decrease by 2d.

Q.2 Define reflection of light. Name the types of reflection.

Marks: 1 Ans

The return of light into the same medium after striking a surface is called reflection.

There are usually two kinds of reflection:

(i) Regular reflection. (ii) Irregular reflection.

Q.3 Define dispersion of light.

Marks: 2 Ans

The splitting of white light into seven colours on passing through a transparent medium, like a glass prism is called dispersion of light.

Q.4 What is a cataract How this defect can be removed

A cataract is an eye defect that usually occurs in old age. In this eye defect, eyesight becomes foggy because the eye lens becomes cloudy. There is a loss of vision. This defect can be treated when the opaque lens is removed and the new artificial lens is inserted.

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Cbse class 8 science important questions, chapter 1 - crop production and management.

## Chapter 2 - Microorganisms : Friend and Foe

Chapter 3 - synthetic fibres and plastics, chapter 4 - materials : metals and non-metals, chapter 5 - coal and petroleum, chapter 6 - combustion and flame, chapter 7 - conservation of plants and animals, chapter 8 - cell - structure and functions, chapter 9 - reproduction in animals, chapter 10 - reaching the age of adolescence, chapter 12 - friction, chapter 13 - sound, chapter 14 - chemical effects of electric current, chapter 15 - some natural phenomena, chapter 16 - light, chapter 17 - stars and the solar system, chapter 18 - pollution of air and water, faqs (frequently asked questions), 1. how can the important questions class 8 science chapter 11 help students.

Extramarks is a leading company that provides all the important study materials related to CBSE and NCERT. Our experts created important questions to assist students in practice. They have collected the questions from CBSE sample papers, CBSE past years’ question papers, important reference books, and textbook exercises. Thus, students can search for questions in different sources, but they will find them in the Important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11. Furthermore, the experts have solved the questions, and experienced professionals have further checked the answers. Thus, the question series will help students score better on exams. It will also help them generate interest in the subject matter.

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## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure: In Class 8, you've probably noticed those stickers saying "push" and "pull" on doors in various places. When we push or pull, we're essentially applying a force that causes the door to move either forward or backwards. These actions involve the fundamental concepts of force and how it influences the motion of an object in a specific direction.

• NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure: Solved Exercise Questions

## NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Science- Chapter-wise

Force and pressure class 8 ncert science topics, ncert solutions for class 8 science chapter 11 force and pressure- points to remember:, key features of class 8 science ch 11 question answer, ncert solutions for class 8: subject-wise.

In this chapter, "Force and Pressure," which is part of the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 , we delve into different types of forces and the concept of pressure. There are a total of 10 questions explained comprehensively in the CBSE NCERT solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11: Force and Pressure. Importantly, all 13 questions presented are rooted in real-life examples. As you study this force and pressure class 8 solutions, take a moment to observe the various types of forces that exist in your surroundings.

These NCERT solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11: Force and Pressure serve as invaluable tools to gauge your understanding of the chapter's concepts. When working on force and pressure class 8 NCERT solutions, it's a good practice to initially attempt them on your own and then refer to the solutions for further clarity.

By mastering this class 8 science chapter 11 question answer, you not only enhance your knowledge of the fascinating world of forces and pressure but also increase your chances of scoring well in your examinations. So, dive into the world of forces, explore the dynamics of pressure, and take full advantage of these class 8 science chapter 11 ncert solutions to excel in your studies.

This chapter has been renumbered as Chapter 7 in accordance with the CBSE Syllabus 2023–24.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure: Solved E xercise Questions

Q1. Give two examples each of situations in which you push or pull to change the state of motion of objects.

Two examples of the situation in which the state of motion of an object is changed through a push are as follows:

(a) A table whose position in a room has to be changed is moved by pushing it.

(b) In a match of cricket, the batsman hits the ball by pushing it with a bat.

Two examples of the situation in which the state of motion of an object is changed through a pull are as follows:

(a) In a game of tug of war, both teams try to bring the rope towards their side by pulling it.

(b) A train moves when the engine pulls the rest of the bogies.

Q2. Give two examples of situations in which applied force causes a change in the shape of an object.

Two examples of situations in which applied force causes a change in the shape of an object are as follows:

(a) The shape of a rubber band changes (it stretches) once it is pulled from both ends.

(b) The shape of dough is changed before making it into a roti.

Q3. Fill in the blanks in the following statements.

(a) To draw water from a well we have to __________ at the rope. (b) A charged body __________ an uncharged body towards it. (c) To move a loaded trolley we have to __________ it. (d) The north pole of a magnet __________the north pole of another magnet.

(a) To draw water from a well we have to pull at the rope. (b) A charged body attracts an uncharged body towards it. (c) To move a loaded trolley we have to either pull or push it. (d) The north pole of a magnet repels the north pole of another magnet.

Q4. An archer stretches her bow while taking aim at the target. She then releases the arrow, which begins to move towards the target. Based on this information fill up the gaps in the following statements using the following terms.

muscular, contact, non-contact, gravity, friction, shape, attraction

(a) To stretch the bow, the archer applies a force that causes a change in its __________. (b) The force applied by the archer to stretch the bow is an example of __________ force. (c) The type of force responsible for a change in the state of motion of the arrow is an example of a __________ force. (d) While the arrow moves towards its target, the forces acting on it are due to __________ and that due to __________ of air.

a) To stretch the bow, the archer applies a force that causes a change in its shape . (b) The force applied by the archer to stretch the bow is an example of muscular force. (c) The type of force responsible for a change in the state of motion of the arrow is an example of a contact force. (d) While the arrow moves towards its target, the forces acting on it are due to gravity and that due to the friction of air.

Q5. In the following situations identify the agent exerting the force and the object on which it acts. State the effect of the force in each case.

(a) Squeezing a piece of lemon between the fingers to extract its juice.

The fingers exert muscular force on the lemon . As an effect of this force, the lemon gets squeezed .

Q6. In the following situations identify the agent exerting the force and the object on which it acts. State the effect of the force in each case.

(b) Taking out paste from a toothpaste tube.

We use our fingers to apply muscular force on the toothpaste tube . This applied muscular force changes the shape of the tube causing the toothpaste to come out of it.

Q7. In the following situations identify the agent exerting the force and the object on which it acts. State the effect of the force in each case.

(c) A load suspended from a spring while its other end is on a hook fixed to a wall.

The load pulls the spring . As an effect of this pull, the spring stretches .

Q8. In the following situations identify the agent exerting the force and the object on which it acts. State the effect of the force in each case.

(d) An athlete making a high jump to clear the bar at a certain height.

The athlete pushes the ground using muscular force. This causes the athlete to rise in the air.

Q9. A blacksmith hammers a hot piece of iron while making a tool. How does the force due to hammering affect the piece of iron?

While hammering a hot piece the blacksmith applies force on it using the hammer thus causing a change in the shape of the piece of iron. For example, the blacksmith can make a cylindrical block of iron to rectangular block by heating it and hammering.

Q10. An inflated balloon was pressed against a wall after it has been rubbed with a piece of synthetic cloth. It was found that the balloon sticks to the wall. What force might be responsible for the attraction between the balloon and the wall?

On rubbing the balloon against a piece of synthetic cloth the balloon gains charge . The wall is uncharged and is attracted by the charged balloon since a charged body attracts an uncharged body . The electrostatic force is responsible for the attraction between the balloon and the wall.

Q11. Name the forces acting on a plastic bucket containing water held above ground level in your hand. Discuss why the forces acting on the bucket do not bring a change in its state of motion.

The forces acting on the bucket are muscular force applied by our hand and gravitational force. The forces acting do not bring a change in the state of the motion as the forces are equal in magnitude and act in the opposite direction.

Q12. A rocket has been fired upwards to launch a satellite in its orbit. Name the two forces acting on the rocket immediately after leaving the launching pad.

Two forces acting on the rocket are the gravitational force and friction of the air in the atmosphere. The gravitational force pulls the rocket towards the earth and the friction force also opposes the motion of the rocket.

Q13. When we press the bulb of a dropper with its nozzle kept in water, air in the dropper is seen to escape in the form of bubbles. Once we release the pressure on the bulb, water gets filled in the dropper. The rise of water in the dropper is due to

(a) the pressure of water. (b) the gravity of the earth. (c) the shape of a rubber bulb. (d) atmospheric pressure.

The rise of water in the dropper is due to atmospheric pressure . The atmospheric pressure is more than the pressure inside the dropper thus pushing the water inside it.

The experts at Careers360 have created easy-to-understand class 8 science chapter 11 question answer. These solutions are available in the form of a PDF, making it convenient for students to access and utilize them. The Solution of class 8 chapter 11 science consists of a total of thirteen questions, which are a mix of straightforward question-answer and fill-in-the-blanks types. These solutions can aid students in their exam preparation and ensure that they have a clear understanding of the concepts covered in the chapter. Additionally, practising force and pressure class 8 questions answers can help students identify their strengths and weaknesses in the subject and focus on improving their performance.

## Force and Pressure Class 8 Questions and Answers: Important Formulas and Diagrams + eBook link

A force is a push or pull on an object.

Forces can change the state of rest or motion of an object.

The SI unit of force is the Newton (N).

## Effects of Force

Forces can change the shape, size, or speed of an object.

Forces can also change the direction of motion.

## Formula for calculating the force exerted by a body

Force = mass × acceleration

Pressure is the force applied per unit area.

Pressure (P) = Force (F) / Area (A)

Where: P is in pascals (Pa), F is in Newtons (N), and A is in square meters (m²)

## Archimedes' Principle

Archimedes' principle states that the buoyant force on an object in a fluid is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object. This principle explains why objects float or sink in fluids.

Subtopics of the chapter 11 class 8 science are given below:

11.1. Force – A Push or Pull

11.2. Forces are due to an Interaction

11.3. Exploring Forces

11.4. A Force can Change the State of Motion

11.5. Force can Change the Shape of an Object

11.6. Contact Forces

11.7. Non-contact Forces

11.8. Pressure

11.9. Pressure Exerted by Liquids and Gases

11.10. Atmospheric Pressure

The questions explained in the NCERT solutions for class 8 science chapter 11 force and pressure are based on the following points.

• Force is either a push or a pull on an object resulting from interaction with another object.
• The direction of motion of an object can be changed by applying force.
• Force can alter the shape of an object
• Force can influence the state of motion
• The pressure is the force per unit area.
• The pressure exerted by the air around us is known as atmospheric pressure.
• The value of atmospheric pressure is very large, but our body is not feeling it because the pressure inside the body is also equal to the atmospheric pressure and balances the pressure from outside .

There are so many interesting examples and situations that are given in the NCERT book grade eight-chapter 11. You can do all the activities given in the NCERT book and it will be a fun and a learning experience. CBSE NCERT solutions for class 8 science chapter 11 force and pressure helps students in solving homework problems also.

Comprehensive Coverage: Force and pressure class 8 solutions provides comprehensive coverage of various concepts related to force and pressure. It addresses a wide range of topics, ensuring a thorough understanding of the chapter.

Real-Life Examples: Many questions in this force and pressure class 8 ncert solutions are framed using real-life examples. This approach helps students connect theoretical concepts with practical situations, making learning more engaging and relatable.

Conceptual Clarity: The class 8 science chapter 11 ncert solutions are designed to test the student's understanding of fundamental concepts related to force and pressure. They encourage students to think critically and apply their knowledge to solve problems.

Variety of Question Types: The class 8 force and pressure ncert solutions section includes a variety of question types, such as multiple-choice questions, short answer questions, long answer questions, and numerical problems. This diversity allows students to practice different problem-solving techniques.

Application-Based Questions: Some questions require students to apply their knowledge of force and pressure to real-world scenarios. This helps students see the practical implications of the concepts they are learning.

Step-by-Step Solutions: For numerical problems and complex questions, step-by-step force and pressure class 8 questions and answers are often provided. These solutions guide students through the problem-solving process, helping them understand the methodology.

Assessment and Practice: The science chapter 11 class 8 questions serve as a valuable tool for self-assessment and practice. Students can gauge their understanding of the chapter by attempting these questions and then referring to the answers to check their accuracy.

Exam-Orientation: Many questions are framed with a focus on exam preparation. By practising these ch 11 science class 8 questions, students can become better prepared for their Class 8 Science exams

• NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Maths
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Also Check NCERT Books and NCERT Syllabus here:

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Yes, force and pressure are important topics of NCERT Class 9 Syllabus. These are basic concepts in mechanics that will be studied in Class 11 Physics book

Pressure is defined as force per unit area. If F is the force and A is the area, then pressure P=F/A

The SI unit of force is Newton(N)

The SI unit of pressure is Pascal(Pa)

Subtopics covered in class 8 science chapter force and pressure are given below:

1. Force – A Push or Pull

2. Forces are due to an Interaction

3. Exploring Forces

4. A Force can Change the State of Motion

5. Force can Change the Shape of an Object

6. Contact Forces

7. Non-contact Forces

8. Pressure

9. Pressure Exerted by Liquids and Gases

10. Atmospheric Pressure

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## Chapter 11 Force and Pressure Class 8 Science NCERT Solutions

Class 8 science chapter 10 reaching the age of adolescence ncert questions and answers - topics, chapter 11 force and pressure ncert solutions for class 8 science  - notes, chapter 11 force and pressure class 8 science questions and answers - mcq questions with answers, contact form.

## Force and Pressure Class 8 Important Questions and Answers

Important questions of Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure is given below. These important questions will help students while preparing for the exam.  Practising these important questions will analyse their performance and work on their weak points. Score well in exam of Class 8 Science by going through these important questions. Students of Class 8 can download important questions of Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure PDF by clicking the link provided below.

## Important Questions of Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

Here you can get  Class 8 Important Questions Science  based on NCERT Text book for Class 8. Science Class 8 Important Questions are very helpful to score high marks in board exams. Here we have covered Important Questions on  Force and Pressure  for Class 8 Science subject.

1. How can we decide whether an object is moving faster than the other? Answer:  By their speed.

2. What is the distance moved by an object in unit time called? Answer:  Speed.

3. How can we change the speed and the direction of a moving body? Answer:  By applying force.

4. What is force? Answer:  A push or a pull on an object is called force.

5. What is the requirement for a force to come into play? Answer:  Interaction between two objects is required for a force to come into play.

6. What is the resultant force when two forces act in same direction? Answer:  Forces applied on an object in the same direction add to one another.

7. What will be the resultant force when two forces act in opposite directions on an object? Answer:  When two forces act in opposite directions on an object then the net force will be the difference between two forces.

8. What happens in a tug of war when two teams pull equally hard? Answer:  When two teams pull equally hard then the rope does not move in any direction.

9. Name the term used to express the strength of a force. Answer: Magnitude.

10. When does the net force become zero? Answer:  When two forces acting on an object in opposite directions are equal then the net force becomes zero.

11. A ball is at rest. Push it gently. Does the ball begin to move? Answer:  Yes, the ball begins to move.

12. What happens when we push again while the ball is moving? Answer:  When we push a moving ball, then its speed increases.

13. Place your palm in front of a moving ball. Does your palm apply any force on the ball? Answer:  Yes, our palm applies a force on the ball.

14. What happens to the speed of the ball when you place your palm in front of the moving ball? Answer:  The speed of the ball is decreased.

15. What are the two states of motion? Answer:  There are two states of motion: (i) The state of rest (ii) The state of motion.

16. Does the application of a force would always result in the change in the state of motion of an object? Answer:  No, it does not always change the state of motion of an object.

17. What is muscular force? Answer:  The force resulting due to the action of muscles is known as muscular force.

18. Give two examples of muscular force. Answer:  Bending of our body and kicking the ball.

19. Does the force can change the speed of a moving object? Answer:  Yes.

20. What effect does a force put on the shape of an object? Answer:  The force may cause change in shape of the object

21. Is muscular force a type of contact force? Answer:  Yes, muscular force is a type of contact force.

22. What is force of friction? Answer:  The force which acts on all moving objects in opposite direction to the motion of the body is called force of friction.

23. What kind of force is friction? Answer:  Force of friction is also a type of contact force.

24. Why is force of friction called contact force? Answer:  Since the force of friction arises due to contact between surfaces of moving body and other surfaces, so it is called a contact force.

25. Give two examples of contact forces. Answer:  (i) Muscular force (ii) Force of friction

26. What are non-contact forces? Answer:  The forces acting from a distance without making contact are called non-contact forces.

27. Give an example of a non-contact force. Answer:  Magnetic force.

28. What is magnetic force? Answer:  The force exerted by a magnet on any magnetic object is called magnetic force.

29. What are the interaction of poles of two magnets? Answer:  (i) Like poles repel each other. (ii) Unlike poles attract each other.

30. What do you mean by electrostatic force? Answer:  The force exerted by a charged body on another charged or non-charged body is called electrostatic force.

31. What kind of force is an electrostatic force? Answer:  It is non-contact force.

32. What is gravitational force? Answer:  The force by which earth or any other object attracts objects towards itself is called the gravitational force.

33. Is the gravity a property of earth only? Answer:  No, gravity is not a property of earth only.

34. Is the gravitational force a contact or non-contact force? Answer:  The gravitational force is non-contact force.

35. Name the force due to which every object falls on the earth. Answer:  Due to gravitational force.

36. What do you mean by pressure? Answer:  The force acting on a unit area of a surface is called pressure. Pressure = Force/Area

37. How can we increase the pressure by exerting same force? Answer:  To increase pressure we should exert the same force on a smaller area.

38. Do liquids and gases also exert pressure? Answer:  Yes, liquids and gases also exert pressure.

39. What is the site of the pressure exerted by a liquid on the container? Answer:  A liquid exerts pressure on the walls of the container.

40. Do gases also exert pressure on the walls of containers? Answer:  Yes, gases also exert pressure on the walls of the containers.

41. What is atmosphere? Answer:  The envelop of air around us is called atmosphere.

42. What is atmospheric pressure? Answer:  The pressure exerted by the air is known as atmospheric pressure.

43. Can you separate two hemispheres, if all the air is suck out from them? Answer:  There is no air inside the two hemispheres, so only outer surface is in contact of atmospheric pressure. This is because we cannot separate them.

1: What is force? What is its unit?

Answer:  A push or a pull on an object is called a force. It arises due to the interaction between two objects. Force has magnitude as well as direction. It may change in the state of motion of an object or it may bring about a change in the shape of an object. The unit of force is Newton.

2: What is change in state of motion? What brings change in state of motion?

Answer:  A change in either the speed of an object, or its direction of motion, or both, is described as a change in its state of motion. Force may bring the change in the state of motion of an object.

3: What is the difference between contact forces and non-contact forces?

Answer:  Forces which act only when there is physical contact between two interacting objects are known as Contact forces. Example: Muscular force. Whereas Forces which can act without physical contact between objects i.e. those that can act from a distance, are called non-contact forces or field forces. Example: Magnetic force.

4: Give two example each of the situation in which you apply force to change state of motion of an object and to change shape of an object?

Answer:  A goal keeper applies force for saving a goal. By his action the goal keeper tries to apply a force on the moving ball. This leads to change in state of motion of ball. Force is applied to the shape of a ball of dough when it is rolled to make a chapatti.

5: Why is it difficult to hold a school bag having a strap made of a thin and strong string?

Answer:  It is difficult to hold a school bag having a strap made of a thin and strong string because it apply the large pressure on the shoulders due to very small contact surface area. The pressure is inversely proportional to the surface area on which the force acts. Therefore, pressure decreases if surface area increases.

6: Why Porters wear turbans when they have to carry heavy loads on their heads?

Answer:  Porters wear turbans when they have to carry heavy loads on their heads, to increase the area of contact. This reduces the pressure on the head.

7: Force applied on an object may change its speed. How?

Answer:   force applied on an object may change its speed. If the force applied on the object is in the direction of its motion, the speed of the object increases. If the force is applied in the direction opposite to the direction of motion, then it results in a decrease in the speed of the object

8: Why Lorries and trucks carrying heavy loads have 8 tyres instead of four?

Answer:  Lorries and trucks carrying heavy loads have 8 tyres instead of four. Also the tyres are broader because this increases the area of contact with the ground, thus reducing the pressure exerted on the ground.

9: Why the sucker sticks to the surface over which it is pressed?

Answer:  When we press the sucker, most of the air between its cup and the surface escapes out. The sucker sticks to the surface because pressure of atmosphere acts on it. To pull the sucker off the surface, the applied force should be large enough to overcome the atmospheric pressure.

10: What is pressure? How is pressure related to the surface area on which it acts?

Answer:  Force per unit area is called pressure. Pressure is inversely proportional to the surface area on which it acts. Smaller the area, larger the pressure on the surface for the same force.

11: When we stop pedalling the bicycle, it slows down and gradually stops .Why?

Answer:  When we stop pedalling the bicycle, it slows down and gradually stops because of force of friction between the surface of tyres of cycle and the ground that brings moving bicycle to rest. The direction of force of friction is always opposite to the direction of motion.

12: What is frictional force? How it arises?

Answer:  The force acting against the relative motion of surfaces in contact is called frictional force or friction. Friction is an example of contact force. Force of friction arises due to contact between surfaces.

13: What is magnetic force? What happens when we bring like poles of two magnets closer?

Answer:   A magnet can exert force on another magnet without being in contact with it; this force is known as magnetic force. Like poles of two magnets repel each other. Unlike poles of two magnets attract each other.

14: What is gravitational force? Is gravity the property of earth alone?

Answer:   Every object exerts a force on every other object. This force is known as gravitational force. Gravity is not a property of the earth alone. Every object in the universe whether large or small exerts gravitational force on every other object.

15: A rocket has been fired upwards to launch a satellite in its orbit. Name the two forces acting on the rocket just after leaving of the launching pad

Answer:   The force acting on a rocket is:

• Frictional force due to air
• Force of gravity acting in downward direction.

16: What will be the effect of force while squeezing a piece of lemon between the fingers?

Answer:  Agent exerting pressure: Fingers. Object: Lemon. Effect of force is observed: Lemon juice is coming out, change in shape of lemon.

17: What will be the effect of force while taking out toothpaste from toothpaste tube?

Answer:  Agent exerting pressure: Fingers. Object: Tooth paste tube Effect of force is observed: Tooth paste is coming out, change in shape of tooth paste.

18: A blacksmith is hammering a hot piece of copper for making a tool, how does the force due to affect the piece of copper?

Answer:  The force due to hammering changes the shape of the hot piece of copper to make tools.

19: What are the effects of the force while making high jump by an athlete?

Answer:  Agent exerting pressure: An athlete. Object: Body Effect of force: Jumping

20: Differentiate between atmosphere and atmospheric pressure.

Answer:  Atmosphere is the envelope of air surrounding our earth but the atmospheric pressure is the pressure exerted by this air.

21: Differentiate between friction and contact force.

Answer:   Friction is the force responsible for changing the state of motion of objects but contact force is the forces which act only when there is physical contact between two interacting objects.

22: What is a force? Explain with the help of some examples.

Answer:  Force is a pull or push of the objects. The action like, pushing, pulling, picking, hitting, lifting, running and bending are the examples of force. Moving or stopping of a body, changing shape and direction of motion of objects are various actions which show force in play.

23: How do we feel force in our daily life?

Answer:  Various big or small actions make us feel the force. We hit or catch many objects in our daily life. We see that a moving ball stops on its own. The ball changes the direction of its motion when it is hit with a bat. We make lassi etc. by churning of curd. These are many actions which help us to feel that a force is exerted.

24: Explain that forces are due to an interaction between objects.

Answer:  Imagine, a man is standing behind a stationary car. The car does not move due to his presence.

Now allow the man to push the car, it means he applies a force on the car. The car may begin to move in the direction of the applied force. Note that the man has to push the car to make it move. This example shows that at least two objects must interact with each other for a force to come into play.

25: What happens when (i) Two forces are exerted in same direction? (ii) Two forces are exerted in opposite directions?

Answer:  (i) When two forces are exerted in same direction on an object, then the forces are added and action becomes easy. (ii) When two forces act in the opposite directions on an object, the net force acting on it is the difference between the two forces.

26: What are the two factors on which effect of force depends?

Answer:  There are following two factors on which the effect of force depends: (i) Magnitude:  The strength of force is usually expressed by its magnitude. (ii) Direction of force:  We have also to specify the direction of force in which it acts. If the direction or magnitude of force changes, its effect also changes.

27: What are the effects of force?

Answer:  A force changes or try to change the (i) Speed of a moving body. (ii) Direction of motion of a body. (iii) Shape of a body.

28: What are states of motion?

Answer:  An object can be in two positions, one is at rest or other in motion ; both are its states of motion. Any change in this position (rest or motion) can be called the change in the state of motion. The state of motion of an object is described by its speed and the direction of motion.

29: How can a force change the states of motion?

Answer:  There are two states of an object: (i) Rest (ii) Motion When a force is applied on a body then it can move. In the same way a force can change the direction of a moving object as well as its speed. A force can stop a moving object. If the force is applied in the direction of motion at an object, then its speed is increased. If the force acts in opposite direction, then the speed of the object is decreased.

30: What is the effect of force on the shape of an object?

Answer:  A force can change or try to change the shape of an object. When a force is applied on an object then change in shape takes place. It may be smaller or greater. At last we can say that the application of force on an object may change its shape.

31: Explain contact and non-contact forces.

Answer:  Contact forces: The forces which come into play only when two objects come in contact with each other are called contact forces. Muscular force and force of friction are the examples of contact forces. Non-contact forces: The forces which come into play without any contact of objects with one another are called non-contact forces. Electrostatic and magnetic forces are the examples of non-contact forces.

32: What is muscular force? Why is it called contact force?

Answer:  The force resulting due to the action of muscles is known as the muscular force. Muscular force is called contact force because it comes in action only when two bodies come in contact with each other.

33: What do you understand by the force of friction?

Answer:  The force which always acts on all the moving objects and whose direction is always opposite to the direction of motion is called force of friction. Since the force of friction arises due to contact between surfaces, it is also called contact force.

34: What is electrostatic force? Why is it called non-contact force?

Answer:  The force exerted by a charged body on another charged or uncharged body is called electrostatic force. This force comes into play even when the bodies are not in contact, so it is called non-contact force.

35: Explain force of gravity.

Answer:  Objects or the things that fall towards the earth because the earth pulls them. This force is called force of gravity or the force due to gravitation. This is also called just gravity. It is an attractive force. This force acts on all objects.

36: What is pressure? What happens to the pressure when area on which it is applied increases?

Answer:  The force acting on a unit area of a surface is called pressure. Pressure = Force/Area on which it acts. The pressure is inversely proportional to the area on which force is applied. As the area on which force is applied is increased, the pressure decreases. We can say that pressure increases with decrease in area.

37: We observe that the wheels of buses and trucks are heavier than the wheels of cars or scooters. Why?

Answer:  The buses and trucks are heavy and require to exert less pressure. We know that pressure decreases as area of contact increases, so the tyres are broadened so that they exert less pressure on earth and move easily. If they exert more pressure, they will sink in earth. The scooters and cars have less wide wheels because they need more pressure for gripping.

38: What is atmospheric pressure?

Answer:  The envelop of air around the earth is known as atmosphere. The atmospheric air extends up to many kilometres above the surface of the earth. The pressure exerted by the air is called atmospheric pressure.

39: If the area of your head is 15 cm × 15 cm, how much air (in weight) would you carry on your head?

Answer:  The weight of air column of the height of the atmosphere and area 15 cm × 15 cm is equal to the weight of an object of mass 225 kg (2250 N).  We have air inside our body, so we are not crushed under this weight and pressure of air is equal at both the sides.

1: Explain contact and non-contact forces. Give two examples for each.

Answer:   Contact forces:  Forces which act only when there is physical contact between two interacting objects are known as Contact forces. Example: Muscular force: This is the force we can exert with our bodies by using our muscles, e.g: push, pull etc. Frictional force:  The force acting against the relative motion of surfaces in contact is called frictional force or friction.

Non-contact forces: Forces which can act without physical contact between objects, i.e. those that can act from a distance, are called non-contact forces or field forces. Example: Magnetic force: Magnets exert forces of attraction or repulsion on other magnets Electrostatic force: The force exerted by a charged body on another charged or uncharged body is known as electrostatic force.

2: (a) How can friction be reduced? (b) How can it be increased? Give examples.

1. By using wheels and ball bearings. Use of wheels between surface moving over each other reduces friction. Ball bearings have small balls of steel between steel surfaces. Because of the balls the steel surfaces can easily moves over each other.

2. By making the rubbing surfaces smooth by polishing them.

3. By using a suitable lubricant, like oil (for light machinery) or grease (for heavy machinery). This helps because fluid friction is less than solid friction.

4. Friction due to air (air resistance) or water is reduced by using streamlined shapes in aeroplanes or ships. A streamlined shape is narrow in front and broader at the back. Birds and aquatic animals have streamlined shapes which held them in flying or swimming.

We can increase Friction by the following ways:

1. Sand and gravel is strewn on slippery ground during the rainy season to increase friction. It is then easier to walk on the ground.

2. By making the moving surfaces rough, e.g. tyres have designs and patterns with grooves on the surface to increase resistance with the road. This prevents slipping of the tyres on a wet road.

3. To increase friction, spikes are provided in the soles of shoes used by players and athletes.

3: Do liquid and gases exert pressure on the walls of container in all direction? Give example to justify your statement.

Answer:  Liquid and gases exerts pressure on the walls of container. For example, If we take a plastic bottle and drill four holes around near the bottom of bottle at the same height. After filling the water in that bottle, we observe that water comes out of the holes and falls at the same distance. This shows that liquid exerts pressure on the walls of container in all directions. Similarly, we are not able to inflate a balloon which has holes because air inside balloon exerts pressure in all direction. Hence we can say that gases exert pressure on the walls of container in all directions.

4: Why is it easy to push a nail into a wooden plank by the pointed end?

Answer:   It is easy to push a nail into a wooden plank by pointed end because the smaller the area, larger the pressure on a surface for the same force. The area of the pointed end of the nail is much smaller than that of its head. The same force therefore produces a pressure sufficient to push the pointed end of the nail into the wooden plank.

5: Read Table and try to identify the action as push or pull.

Answer:  Table Identifying Actions as Push or Pull

6: Read Table and complete it.

Answer:  Table Studying the Effect of Force on Objects

7: What are the various effects of force on different objects?

Answer:  The various effects of force are: (i) A force can make an object move from rest. (ii) It can change the speed of a moving object. (iii) It can bring about a change in the shape of an object. (iv) It can change the direction of motion of an object. (v) It can cause some or all of these effects.

8: What are contact forces? State different types of contact forces.

Answer:  The forces which come into play only when two objects come in contact with each other are called contact forces. Some contact forces are: (i) Muscular force: The forces resulting due the action of muscles are known as muscular forces. Muscular force is a contact force because it comes into play when two object, come in contact with each other. (ii) Force of friction: When a body is moving, then a force equal and opposite to the direction of motion is exerted on that moving body. This force is called force of friction. It is also a contact force because it is exerted when two surfaces come in contact with each other.

9: What are non-contact forces? Explain different types of non-contact forces.

Answer:  The forces which can be exerted from a distance, without establishing a contact are called non-contact forces. Some non-contact forces are:

(i) Magnetic force:  The force exerted by a magnet on other magnet or some other magnetic substance like iron is called magnetic force. Like poles of a magnet repel each other and unlike poles of a magnet attract each other without contact. So it is called non-contact force.

(ii) Electrostatic force:  The force exerted by a charged body on other charged or uncharged body is called electrostatic force. Electrostatic force also acts without making a direct contact with other charged or uncharged body. So it is also a non-contact force.

(iii) Force of gravity : Earth pulls every thing or body towards it. The force of attraction exerted by earth on any object is called force of gravity. This is also a non-contact force as it acts from a distance.

10: What is force? Name different types of forces.

Answer:  A push or pull on an object is called force. There are following types of forces: (i) Muscular force (ii) Force of friction (iii) Magnetic force (iv) Force of gravity (v) Electrostatic force

11: Prove that the force of friction depends on the nature of the two surfaces in contact.

Answer:  Collect the following things: A thick book, nylon cloth, gunny cloth, plastic sheet, jute cloth and sand paper. Place the book on each of the materials and slide it on the floor one by one. If your book slides off the plastic sheet or nylon cloth, use adhesive tape to stick it firmly on the surface of the book.

You will observe that the different materials offer different amounts of resistances to sliding. This activity shows that force of friction depends on the nature of the surface in contact. In general, smooth surface offers lesser friction than rough surface.

12: Prove that the pressure exerted by water at the bottom of the container depends on the height of its column.

Answer:  Take a transparent glass tube or plastic pipe. Also take piece of thin sheet of a good quality rubber. Stretch the rubber sheet tightly over one end of pipe. Hold the pipe at the middle, keeping it in a vertical position. Pour some water in the pipe. Note the height of the water column in the pipe. Pour some more water. Observe, the bulge in rubber sheet and height of water column in the pipe. Repeat this process a few more times. You observe that as the height of water column increases the bulge in the rubber sheet also increases.

13: Show that a liquid exerts pressure on the walls of the container.

Answer:  Take a plastic bottle. Fix a cylindrical glass tube a few cm long near its bottom. You can do so by slightly heating one end of the glass tube and then quickly inserting it near the bottom of the bottle. Make sure that water does not leak from the joint. If there is any leakage seal it with molten wax. Cover the mouth of the glass tube with a thin rubber sheet. Now fill the bottle up to half with water. We observe the bulge in the rubber sheet. Pour some more water in the bottle. We see more bulge in rubber sheet. This activity indicates that water exerts pressure on the walls of the container.

14: Explain that liquids exert equal pressure at the same depth.

Answer:  Take an empty plastic bottle. Drill four holes all around near the bottom of the bottle. Make sure that all the holes are at the same height from the bottom. Now fill the bottle with water. We observe that different streams of water coming out of the holes fall at the same distance from the bottle. This observation indicates that liquids exert equal pressure at the same depth.

15: What experiment was performed to prove that air has pressure?

Answer: Otto von Guericke, a German Scientist invented a pump in 17th century to extract air out of a vessel. He demonstrated the force of the air pressure. He joined two hollow metallic hemispheres of 51 cm diameter each and pumped air out of them. Then he employed eight horses on each hemisphere to pull them apart. So great is the force of air pressure that the hemispheres could not be pulled apart.

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## Unit 11: Force and pressure

Force - magnitude and direction and its relationship with pressure.

• Force has direction and magnitude (Opens a modal)
• What is Pressure? (Opens a modal)
• Effect of different force on same contact area (Opens a modal)
• Definition and units of force and pressure Get 5 of 7 questions to level up!
• Air pressure Get 4 of 5 questions to level up!

## Floatation, Buoyant force, Archimedes' principle and Laws of floatation

• Volume of block is equal to volume of water displaced (Opens a modal)
• Why do objects float? (Opens a modal)
• What is Buoyant force? (Opens a modal)
• Buoyant force equals weight of displaced liquid (Opens a modal)
• Buoyant force Get 4 of 5 questions to level up!

## Pressure changes due to depth of fluid

• Liquid exerts pressure in all the directions (Opens a modal)
• Activity: Liquid pressure increases with height (Opens a modal)
• Explanation: Liquid pressure increases with height (Opens a modal)
• Effects of pressure in daily life Get 4 of 5 questions to level up!
• NCERT Solutions
• NCERT Class 8
• NCERT 8 Science
• Chapter 11: Force And Pressure

## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

Ncert solutions for class 8 science chapter 11 – free pdf download.

* According to the CBSE Syllabus 2023-24, this chapter has been renumbered as Chapter 7.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure are provided here to help students to follow the concepts in an easy way. The topic of Force and Pressure is one of the key concepts in Science. It is very important to grasp every bit of this Chapter as they are basics for all students’ future endeavours. These  NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science help them to attain perfection on the chapter by providing answers to a variety of questions such as MCQs, fill in the blanks, match the following, true or false and descriptive answer types questions.

## Download Exclusively Curated Chapter Notes for Class 8 Science Chapter – 11 Force and Pressure

Download most important questions for class 8 science chapter – 11 force and pressure.

In order to score good marks in the Class 8 Science examination and to grasp the concepts involved in the chapter, students are advised to refer to the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science thoroughly.  Answers provided here will help students to get the knowledge on the concept of Force, magnitude and direction of force, change in its state of motion or a change in its shape, definition of pressure, and the exertion of pressure on liquid and gases. Access the Chapter’s NCERT Solutions for Class 8 of Science from the link provided below.

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## Access answers of NCERT Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

Exercise Questions

1. Give two examples each of situations in which you push or pull to change the state of motion of objects.

Examples of situations in which you push or pull to change the state of motion of objects are

1. Pull situations

a) In order to open a drawer, we have to pull it. This action changes the state of motion of the drawer.

b) To draw water from the well, the rope is pulled. This action changes the state of motion of the bucket.

2. Push Situations

a) A football is pushed by the foot of a player. This action changes the state of motion of the ball.

b) In order to change the place of the heavy box from one room to another, we have to push it. This action changes the motion of the box.

2. Give two examples of situations in which applied force causes a change in the shape of an object.

The forces which change the shape of an object are as follows:

i) By pressing the clay between the hands, it deforms.

ii) The shape of the plastic bottle changes by squeezing it.

3. Fill in the blanks in the following statements.

(a) To draw water from a well, we have to __________ at the rope.

(b) A charged body __________ an uncharged body towards it.

(c) To move a loaded trolley, we have to __________ it.

(d) The north pole of a magnet __________the north pole of another magnet.

• To draw water from a well, we have to pull at the rope.
• A charged body attracts an uncharged body towards it.
• To move a loaded trolley, we have to pull or push it.
• The north pole of a magnet repels the north pole of another magnet.

4. An archer stretches her bow while taking aim at the target. She then releases the arrow, which begins to move towards the target. Based on this information, fill up the gaps in the following statements using the following terms.

muscular, contact, non-contact, gravity, friction, shape, attraction

(a) To stretch the bow, the archer applies a force that causes a change in its __________.

(b) The force applied by the archer to stretch the bow is an example of __________ force.

(c) The type of force responsible for a change in the state of motion of the arrow is an example of a __________ force.

(d) While the arrow moves towards its target, the forces acting on it are due to __________ and that due to __________ of air

(a) To stretch the bow, the archer applies a force that causes a change in its shape .

(b) The force applied by the archer to stretch the bow is an example of muscular force.

(c) The type of force responsible for a change in the state of motion of the arrow is an example of a contact force.

(d) While the arrow moves towards its target, the forces acting on it are due to gravity and that due to friction of air.

5. In the following situations, identify the agent exerting the force and the object on which it acts. State the effect of the force in each case.

(a) Squeezing a piece of lemon between the fingers to extract its juice.

(b) Taking out paste from a toothpaste tube.

(c) A load suspended from a spring while its other end is on a hook fixed to a wall.

(d) An athlete making a high jump to clear the bar at a certain height

a) We make a muscular force to extract the juice of the lemon by squeezing it. As a result, the shape of the lemon gets changed.

b) To take out paste from the toothpaste tube, we use our muscular force. This muscular force acting on the toothpaste tube leads to a change in its shape.

c) Here, the suspended load exerts a force on the spring and pushes the spring downwards. As a result, the spring gets stretched. Hence, its shape gets changed.

d) The feet of the athlete exert muscular force on the ground, which pushes the ground. This allows them to jump over the bar. As a result, their state of motion gets changed.

6. A blacksmith hammers a hot piece of iron while making a tool. How does the force due to hammering affect the piece of iron?

A blacksmith uses their muscular force while hammering a hot piece of iron. The muscular force changes the shape of the iron so that it can be given the desired shape.

7. An inflated balloon was pressed against a wall after it had been rubbed with a piece of synthetic cloth. It was found that the balloon stuck to the wall. What force might be responsible for the attraction between the balloon and the wall?

When an inflated balloon is rubbed with a piece of synthetic cloth, it becomes charged. A charged body attracts an uncharged body. When this charged balloon is pressed against a wall, it sticks to the wall. Thus, the electrostatic force acts between the charged balloon and the wall.

8. Name the forces acting on a plastic bucket containing water held above ground level in your hand. Discuss why the forces acting on the bucket do not bring a change in its state of motion.

For holding the bucket of water above the ground, we use muscular force. This muscular force acts against the force of gravity that pulls the bucket towards the ground. The two forces are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction. Therefore, the net force on the bucket is zero. Hence, there is no change in the state of motion.

9. A rocket has been fired upwards to launch a satellite in its orbit. Name the two forces acting on the rocket immediately after leaving the launching pad.

The force of gravity is the one which acts on the rocket to pull it towards the ground, and the other one is the force of friction due to the earth’s atmosphere, which opposes its motion.

10. When we press the bulb of a dropper with its nozzle kept in water, the air in the dropper is seen to escape in the form of bubbles. Once we release the pressure on the bulb, water gets filled in the dropper. The rise of water in the dropper is due to

(a) pressure of water

(b) gravity of the earth

(c) shape of rubber bulb

(d) atmospheric pressure

a)   Due to the atmospheric pressure, there is a rise of water in the dropper.

When all the air escapes from the nozzle, the atmospheric pressure, which is acting on the water, forces the water to fill up the nozzle of the dropper.

## Class 8 Science NCERT Solutions for Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

The  NCERT Solutions for Class 8 will give students clarity regarding various aspects of this chapter in Science, which will consequently help them to solve questions from this chapter easily. Along with answers to the textbook questions, these solutions have exemplary problems , worksheets, important questions and HOTS.

In this Chapter 11, Force and Pressure, students will come across questions on applied force and changes in the object shape. Some questions, like the difference between force and pressure, appear prominently in the exams, which are explained in detail in these NCERT Solutions .

The other types of questions that are crucial are based on objects and force. Practising these types of questions in this chapter will ensure they have a good grasp of the subject. Here, the NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 PDF is also available, and students can access them offline by downloading it for free as well.

## Subtopics of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

• Force – A Push or a Pull
• Forces are Due to an Interaction
• Exploring Forces
• A Force Can Change the State of Motion
• Force Can Change the Shape of an Object
• Contact Forces
• Non-Contact Forces
• Pressure Exerted by Liquids and Gases
• Atmospheric Pressure

Students must study these NCERT Solutions meticulously to excel in the subject. These NCERT Solutions are prepared according to the latest syllabus of CBSE. Also, check the other NCERT Solutions of different classes and subjects at BYJU’S for free.

## Frequently Asked Questions on NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11

What are the sub-topics covered under chapter 11 of ncert solutions for class 8 science, can students rely on the ncert solutions for class 8 science chapter 11 from byju’s, name the forces acting on a plastic bucket containing water held above ground level in your hand, which is studied in chapter 11 of ncert solutions for class 8 science., leave a comment cancel reply.

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## Force and Pressure

Ncert solutions for chapter 11 force and pressure class 8 science, ncert solutions for chapter 4 the age of industrialisation class 10 history, related chapters.

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## CBSE Class 8th Science Value Based Questions Chapter 7 Force And Pressure PDF Download

CBSE Class 8th Science Value Based Questions Chapter 7 Force And Pressure are the easiest questions which you see in your question paper and the scoring one all student who attempt it surely get they are just little bit difficult and examine your basic knowledge regarding the particular chapter. Science Value Based Questions for Class 8th are available here at Free of cost. These questions are expected to be asked in the Class 8th board examination. These Science Value Based Questions are from complete CBSE Syllabus.

## CBSE Class 8th Science Value Based Questions Chapter 7 Force And Pressure

Most of these Science Value Based Questions are quite easy and students need only a basic knowledge of the chapter to answer these questions. Download CBSE Science Value Based Questions for board examinations. These Science Value Based Questions are prepared by Directorate of Education, Delhi.

## CBSE Science Value Based Questions Class 8th Chapter 7 Force And Pressure PDF

The purpose of the Science Value Based Questions is to make students aware of how basic values are needed in the analysis of different situations and how students require to recognize those values in their daily lives. Some questions are subject related. But even if they are not, that one-minute awareness of what we write about value without any specific preparation is a good step indeed.

CBSE Science Value Based Questions for Class 8th Chapter 7 Force And Pressure download here in PDF format. The most CBSE Science Value Based Questions for annual examination are given here for free of cost. The additional questions for practice the Class 8th exam are collected from various sources. It covers questions asked in previous year examinations.

## CBSE Science Value Based Questions for Class 8th Chapter 7 Force And Pressure Free PDF

Class 8th books have many questions. These questions are regularly asked in exams in one or other way. Practising such most CBSE Science Value Based Questions Chapter 7 Force And Pressure certainly help students to obtain good marks in the examinations.

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## NCERT Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure Extra Questions

Ncert class 8 science chapter 11 force and pressure extra questions and answers.

Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Extra Questions and Answers – Force and Pressure. Here in this Page Class VIII Students can Learn Extra Questions & Answer 11th Chapter Science fully Inside.

We Provided Here Force and Pressure Science Chapter 11 Long Answer Type Question, Very Short Type Questions (VSA) / MCQ Type Questions, Short Type Questions (SA).

1) Fill in the blanks:

a) Muscular force is ____ force. (Contact)

b) Force per unit area is called ____. (Pressure)

c) To move a tire faster it has to be ____ repeatedly. (Pushed)

2) Multiple choice questions:

a) The rope may not move if the two teams ____ at it with equal force?

a) Pull b) Push

Ans. a) Pull

b) Gases exert ____ on the walls of their container?

a) Friction b) Pressure

Ans. b) Pressure

c) An interaction of one object with another object results in a ____ between the two objects?

a) Friction b) Force

Ans. b) Force

a) What is force? How does the speed of an object depend on the force?

Ans. A push or a pull on an object is called a force.

If the force applied on the object is in the direction of its motion, the speed of the object increases. On the other hand, if the force applied on the object is in the direction opposite to the direction of motion, the speed of the object decreases.

b) What is muscular force? Write a function of muscular force.

Ans. The force resulting due to the action of muscles is known as the muscular force.

Muscular force enables us in movement or bending of our body.

c) Write two functions of gravitational force.

Ans. i) Objects or things fall towards the earth for gravitational force.

ii) Water in rivers flows downwards due to the gravitational force.

d) What is atmospheric pressure? Why we are not crushed under the force of gravity?

Ans. The pressure exerted by the air around us is known as atmospheric pressure.

The reason we are not crushed under the force of gravity is that the pressure inside our bodies is also equal to the atmospheric pressure and balances the pressure from outside.

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e) How the state of motion is described? What are the states of motion of an object?

Ans. The state of motion of an object is described by its speed and the direction of motion.

An object may be at rest or in motion, both are its states of motion.

a) A: The force of friction is an example of contact force.

R: The force of friction arises due to the contact between surfaces.

I.) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

II.) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

III.) A is true but R is false.

IV.) A is false but R is true.

V.) Both A and R are false.

Ans. I. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) A: Electrostatic force is an example of a non-contact force.

R: Electrostatic force comes into play even when the bodies are not in contact.

5) The force responsible for charging the state of motion of objects is known as the force of friction. For example, Friction between water and the boat brings it to a stop once you stop rowing. The force of friction always acts on all the moving objects and its direction is always opposite to the direction of motion. Since the force of friction arises due to the contact between surfaces, it is an example of a contact force.

a) The force of friction is an example of ____ force. (Contact)

b) The force responsible for charging the state of motion of objects is known as ____. (The force of friction)

c) The direction of the force of friction is always ____ to the direction of motion.(Opposite)

## More extra Questions & Answers

1] fill in the blanks given below

1] a force can bring a change in state of motion of an object.

2] the force acting on an unit area of a surface is called pressure .

3] the force resulting due to the action of muscle is known as muscular force.

4)Push or pull on an object Is called a Force .

5)The pressure exerted by air is known as atmospheric pressure.

2] say whether the following statements are true or false

1) Liquid and gas Does not exert pressure on the walls of container.

2)Force on an object may change its shape.

3)The strength of a force is expressed by unit joule.

4)The force responsible for changing state of motion is force of displacement.

Q.3) Define following terms

Ans.Push or pull on an object is called Force.

2)Magnitude

Ans.The strength of a force is usually expressed by its magnitude.

3) Pressure

Ans. The force acting on a unit area of a surface is called pressure.

1) Define : Electrostatic force

Ans. The force exerted by a charged body on another charged or uncharged body is known as electrostatic force.

2) Explain the term pressure with its formula.

Ans.The force acting on an unit area of a surface is called pressure.

Formula : Pressure =Force(F) / Area on which it acts.

3) Define term atmospheric pressure.

Ans.i) The atmospheric air extends up to many kilometres above the surface of the earth.

ii)The pressure exerted by air is known as atmospheric pressure.

4)Define term  Force of gravity.

Ans. Objects or things fall towards the earth because it pulls them. This force is called Force of gravity.

5)What is gravitational force ?

Ans. Every object in the universe, whether small or large exerts a force on every object. This force is known as Gravitational force.

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## NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Force and Pressure

Question Wise Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Solutions Class 8 Science Chapter 8 NCERT Answers Class 8 Science Chapter 8 in Hindi Medium Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Extra Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 8 MCQ Class 8 Science NCERT Book Download Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Exemplar Book Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Exemplar Answers

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Force and Pressure English and Hindi Medium PDF and Video Format modified for session 2024-25. Solutions are based on new NCERT Books issued for academic year 2024-25. CBSE NCERT Sols and Offline Apps are updated for new academic session. Not only 8th Science solutions but other subjects are also available.

## Class 8 Science Chapter 8 NCERT Solutions

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NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Force and Pressure is given below updated for new session in English Medium. Video Format solutions of all chapters are also available. Download 8 Science App for offline use.

## Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Important Questions for Practice

A rocket has been fired upwards to launch a satellite in its orbit. name the two forces acting on the rocket immediately after leaving the launching pad..

Two forces acting on the rocket immediately after leaving the launching pad are: Frictional force due to air. Force of gravity pulling in downward direction.

## An inflated balloon was pressed against a wall after it has been rubbed with a piece of synthetic cloth. It was found that the balloon sticks to the wall. What force might be responsible for the attraction between the balloon and the wall?

The force which is responsible for the attraction between the ball and the wall is electrostatic force. When we rub the balloon by a synthetic cloth, it gets charged. When it is taken near the wall, it will get attracted towards the uncharged wall because of the electrostatic force which is the force exerted by a charged body on another uncharged body.

## A blacksmith hammers a hot piece of iron while making a tool. How does the force due to hammering affect the piece of iron?

The force due to hammering change the shape of the piece of iron.

## Name the forces acting on a plastic bucket containing water held above ground level in your hand. Discuss why the forces acting on the bucket do not bring a change in its state of motion.

The force acting on a plastic bucket are: Gravitational force: It is acting downwards. Muscular force: It is applied by our hands to lift the bucket in upward direction. Although these forces are acting on the bucket but no change is found in its state of motion because the two forces are balancing each other and as a result net force is zero.

## Class 8 Science Chapter 8 MCQ with Answers

1. Two objects repel each other. This repulsion could be due to (a) frictional force only (b) electrostatic force only (c) magnetic force only (d) either a magnetic or an electrostatic force 2. During dry weather, while combing hair, sometimes we experience hair flying apart. The force responsible for this is (a) force of gravity. (b) electrostatic force. (c) force of friction. (d) magnetic force. 3. Which one of the following forces is a contact force? (a) force of gravity (b) force of friction (c) magnetic force (d) electrostatic force 4. A ball of dough is rolled into a flat chapatti. Name the force exerted to change the shape of the dough. 5. A girl is pushing a box towards east direction. In which direction should her friend push the box so that it moves faster in the same direction? 6. During dry weather, clothes made of synthetic fibre often stick to the skin. Which type of force is responsible for this phenomenon? 7. A gas filled balloon moves up. Is the upward force acting on it larger or smaller than the force of gravity? 8. A chapati maker is a machine which converts balls of dough into chapati’s. What effect of force comes into play in this process? 9. Two persons are applying forces on two opposite sides of a moving cart. The cart still moves with the same speed in the same direction. What do you infer about the magnitudes and direction of the forces applied. 10. Fruits detached from a tree fall down due to force of gravity. We know that a force arises due to interaction between two objects. Name the objects interacting in this case.

1 (d) 2 (b) 3 (b) 4 Muscular force. 5 Towards east. 6 Electrostatic force. 7 Upward force is larger than the force of gravity. 8 The force changes the shape of the dough. 9 Both the forces are of equal magnitudes and applied in the opposite directions. 10 Earth and fruits.

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## 8th Class Science Force and Pressure Question Bank

Done force and pressure total questions - 78.

A) push                 done clear

B) pull done clear

C) both (a) and (b) done clear

D) none of these done clear

question_answer 2) 1 newton = _______ dynes.

A) 103                   done clear

B) 104 done clear

C) 105                   done clear

D) 106 done clear

question_answer 3) The CGS unit of force is

A) newton            done clear

B)          pascal done clear

C) dyne                 done clear

D)          None of these done clear

question_answer 4) Which of the following is an example of contact force?

A) Magnetic force done clear

B)          Gravitational force done clear

C) Electric force    done clear

D) Muscular force done clear

question_answer 5) Force per unit area is _______.

A) thrust                 done clear

B)          pressure done clear

C) buoyancy                     done clear

D) density done clear

question_answer 6) As we go to the higher altitude the atmospheric pressure _______.

A) increases       done clear

B) remain same done clear

C) decreases                     done clear

D) cannot say done clear

question_answer 7) Pascal is equal to:

A) $\text{N/}{{\text{m}}^{\text{2}}}$ done clear

B)                      $\text{N/m}\times \text{s}$ done clear

C) $\text{N/c}{{\text{m}}^{\text{2}}}$                      done clear

D) $\text{N}\text{.}{{\text{m}}^{\text{2}}}$ done clear

question_answer 8) Two stones A and B of masses 2 kg and 5 kg respectively are released from same height in vacuum. Which will reach on the ground first?

A) Stone A done clear

B) Stone B done clear

C) Both will reach at same time done clear

D) None of these done clear

question_answer 9) Pressure is directly proportional to

A) density done clear

B) height/depth done clear

C) acceleration due to gravity done clear

D) all of these done clear

question_answer 10) Electrostatic force is a

A) contact force done clear

B)          non-contact force done clear

C) balanced force done clear

D) unbalanced force done clear

question_answer 11) When a force of 10 N is applied on a body it starts moving with a constant acceleration of2 m/s2. The mass of the body is

A) 2kg                               done clear

B) 0.2kg done clear

C) 20kg                             done clear

D) 5kg done clear

question_answer 12) When a cricketer catches the ball by his hands the force/forces coming in action is/are

A) non-contact force         done clear

B) gravitational force done clear

C) frictional force  done clear

D) both (b) and (c) done clear

question_answer 13) A stone falling from the roof of a house due to

A) gravitational force done clear

B) magnetic force done clear

D) electrostatic force done clear

A) only direction   done clear

B) only magnitude done clear

C) both magnitude and direction done clear

D) neither magnitude nor direction done clear

question_answer 15) The SI unit of force is

A) newton      done clear

B) dyne done clear

C) pascal             done clear

question_answer 16) Which instrument is used for measuring at mospheric pressure?

A) Hygrometer                  done clear

B) Barometer done clear

C) Hydrometer done clear

D) Sphygmomanometer done clear

question_answer 17) A fluid is a substance that

A) has no definite shape done clear

B) has no definite volume and shape done clear

C) has no definite volume done clear

D) is a liquid done clear

question_answer 18) A mass of 2 kg is accelerated at 2 m/sec2. Find the force applied on it.

A) 4N                               done clear

B) N done clear

C) 8N                               done clear

D) N done clear

question_answer 19) A stone of mass 4 kg is dropped from a height. Find the force exerted by it on ground if acceleration due to gravity is 10 m/s2.

A) 20 N                            done clear

B) 2.5 N done clear

C) 40 N                done clear

D) 0.4 N done clear

question_answer 20) How much pressure will be applied on a body. If a force of 4 N is applied on its unit surface area. [Hint: Area = 1 m2]

A) 0.25 Pa                        done clear

B) 2 Pa done clear

C) 8 Pa                             done clear

D) 4 Pa done clear

question_answer 21) A force of 12 N is acting perpendicular on a wooden block. What will be the thrust on it?

A) 12 N      done clear

B)          24 N done clear

C) 48 N                            done clear

D) 6N done clear

question_answer 22) Pressure is the ratio of force to the ____over which it is applied.

A) surface                         done clear

B) volume done clear

C) distance                       done clear

D) area done clear

A) $A\to (q);B\to (p);C\to (r);D\to (s)$ done clear

B) $A\to (r);B\to (p);C\to (q);D\to (s)$ done clear

C) $A\to (p);B\to (r);C\to (s);D\to (q)$ done clear

D) $A\to (s);B\to (q);C\to (p);D\to (r)$ done clear

D) $A\to (s);B\to (r);C\to (q);D\to (p)$ done clear

B) $A\to (r);B\to (s);C\to (q);D\to (p)$ done clear

question_answer 26) DIRECTIONS: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow. Passage Liquid pressure in a container doesn't depend on the shape of the container but it any depends on the height of the liquid column. The pressure due to a liquid at a point at a depth h from the surface of the liquid is given by$P=\rho gh$where, $\rho$ is the density of the liquid and g is the acceleration due to gravity. A cylindrical container is full of water. The pressure at the bottom is P. Now, the water is replaced by cooking oil of density twice the density of water. The new pressure at the bottom is

A) 4 P                   done clear

B) 2 P done clear

C) 1.5 P done clear

D) 3P done clear

question_answer 27) DIRECTIONS: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow. Passage Liquid pressure in a container doesn't depend on the shape of the container but it any depends on the height of the liquid column. The pressure due to a liquid at a point at a depth h from the surface of the liquid is given by$P=\rho gh$where, $\rho$ is the density of the liquid and g is the acceleration due to gravity. A cylindrical container is full of water. The pressure at the bottom is P. Now, the water is replaced by cooking oil of density twice the density of water. If half of the water is taken out, what is the pressure at the bottom?

A) P                      done clear

B) $\frac{1}{2}P$ done clear

C) $\frac{3}{2}P$                      done clear

D) 2P done clear

question_answer 28) DIRECTIONS: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow. Passage Liquid pressure in a container doesn't depend on the shape of the container but it any depends on the height of the liquid column. The pressure due to a liquid at a point at a depth h from the surface of the liquid is given by$P=\rho gh$where, $\rho$ is the density of the liquid and g is the acceleration due to gravity. A cylindrical container is full of water. The pressure at the bottom is P. Now, the water is replaced by cooking oil of density twice the density of water. If the container is carried on a mountain then what will be the pressure at the bottom?

A) less than P       done clear

B) more than P done clear

C) equal to P         done clear

question_answer 29) Direction: The questions in this segment consist of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: Steel nails are pointed at one end to have least area of contact with surface. Reason: Least area exerts high pressure.

A) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. done clear

B) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A. done clear

C) A is true but R is false. done clear

D) A is false but R is true. done clear

question_answer 30) Direction: The questions in this segment consist of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: Magnetic force is a non-contact force. Reason: Unlike poles of magnet attracts each other.

question_answer 31) Direction: The questions in this segment consist of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: A moving toy car stops after a little distance. Reason: Friction opposes the motion.

question_answer 32) Direction: The questions in this segment consist of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: Apple falls on the ground, due to gravitational force. Reason: Gravitational force is a contact force.

question_answer 33) Direction: The questions in this segment consist of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: Sea divers wear special suits. Reason: There is no effect of gravity under the sea.

question_answer 34) Direction: The questions in this segment consist of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: Fluid exerts pressure on the walls of container. Reason: Fluids have definite shape and size.

question_answer 35) Direction: The questions in this segment consist of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: There is high atmospheric pressure in the space. Reason: Astronauts wear special suits.

question_answer 36) Direction: The questions in this segment consist of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: When a stone is thrown vertically upward, after getting a certain height' it comes back to the earth. Reason: Stone has to work against the force of friction of air.

question_answer 37) DIRECTIONS: Read the following two statements carefully and choose the correct options. Statement-1: When one body moves or tries to move on the surface of another body, its speed continuously decreases. Statement-2: Friction is a contact force.

A) Statement (1) is correct while statement (2) is incorrect. done clear

B) Statement (2) is correct while statement (1) is incorrect. done clear

C) Both statements are correct done clear

D) Both statements are incorrect. done clear

question_answer 38) DIRECTIONS: Read the following two statements carefully and choose the correct options. Statement-1: Atmospheric pressure increases with increase in depth of sea. Statement-2: Pressure is directly proportional to depth/height.

A) move in the direction of force A done clear

B) move in the direction of force B done clear

C) not move          done clear

A) point A            done clear

B)          point B done clear

C) point C                        done clear

D) point D done clear

A) Same in A and B         done clear

B) Container B done clear

C) Container A      done clear

D)         None of these done clear

A) 160 Pa done clear

B)          80 Pa done clear

C) 40 Pa   done clear

D) 240 Pa done clear

question_answer 43) Opening a door is an example of

C) magnetic force done clear

D) balanced force done clear

question_answer 44) When a body is said to be under balanced forces then the resultant force applied on the body is

A) one                  done clear

B)          infinite done clear

C) zero     done clear

D)          none of these done clear

question_answer 45) Two bodies of masses m and 6m are moving under same magnitude of force. The ratio of their accelerations will be

A) 1 : 6                 done clear

B)          6 : 1 done clear

C) 1 : 36               done clear

D)          36 : 1 done clear

question_answer 46) The pressure of the water at the bottom of the pond is _______ at the surface of the pond.

A) lower than        done clear

B)          same done clear

C) higher than done clear

D) either lower or higher done clear

question_answer 47) If a pressure of 8 Pa acts on the surface of area2m2, then the force acting on the surface is

A) 10 dynes           done clear

B)          4.00 N done clear

C) 16N           done clear

D) 4.00 dynes done clear

question_answer 48) The pressure exerted by a column of liquid is independent of the ______.

A) density of the liquid done clear

B) weight of the liquid done clear

C) depth of the liquid done clear

D) shape of the container done clear

question_answer 49) A force ${{F}_{1}}$ acting on a body of 2 kg produces an acceleration of 2.5 m/sec2. Another force ${{F}_{2}}$acting on the body of mass 5 kg produces an acceleration of 2 m/sec2. Find the ratio of${{F}_{2}}/{{F}_{1}}.$

A) 2                      done clear

B)          4 done clear

C) 6                                  done clear

D) 8 done clear

question_answer 50) An astronaut with all her equipment has a mass of 95 kilograms. How much will the weight on the moon, where the acceleration due to gravity is $1.67\,\text{m}{{\text{s}}^{-2}}?$

A) 159 N  done clear

B)          169 N done clear

C) 149 N             done clear

D) 100 N done clear

question_answer 51) What force is needed to a accelerate a 60 kg wagon from rest to $5.0\,\text{m}{{\text{s}}^{-2}}$ in 2.0 seconds?

A) 100 N             done clear

B) 120 N done clear

C) 150 N          done clear

D) 130 N done clear

question_answer 52) A 500 kg rocket is fired straight up from the earth, the engine providing 7500 newton of thrust. Its acceleration is

A) 4.5 m/s2           done clear

B) 5.2 m/s2 done clear

C) 9.8 m/s2           done clear

D) 15 m/s2 done clear

question_answer 53) When a body is stationary

A) there is no force acting on it done clear

B) the force acting on it not in contact with it done clear

C) the combination of forces acting on it balances each other done clear

D) the body is in vacuum done clear

question_answer 54) What force would be required to produce an acceleration of 4 m/s2 in a moving wall of mass6kg?

A) 1.2 N               done clear

B) 1.5 N done clear

C) 24 dynes           done clear

D)          24 N done clear

question_answer 55) Two forces 200 N and 300 N acting on a body in same direction. What is resultant force?

A) 1.5 N               done clear

B)          100 N done clear

C) 0.66 N            done clear

D) 500 N done clear

question_answer 56) What will be the change in acceleration of as liding brick, if its mass is doubled, while a constant force is acting on it. Acceleration will be

A) 2a                    done clear

B)          a/2 done clear

C) a/4                               done clear

D) 4a done clear

question_answer 57) A car of mass 1000 kg can produce an acceleration of 8 m/s2.Calculate the force produced by the engine ignoring friction.

A) 10,000 N          done clear

B)          100,000 N done clear

C) 8000 N           done clear

D) 18000N done clear

question_answer 58) When an object is at rest on a surface - what canbe said about the forces on it?

A) they all are equal done clear

B) they are unbalanced done clear

C) there are not acting on it done clear

D) all the forces cancel out done clear

question_answer 59) What is the surface area of table top if a force of120 N exerted on it produces a pressure of20 Pa?

A) 2400m2            done clear

B) 60m2 done clear

C) 6m2                  done clear

D) 240m2 done clear

question_answer 60) The pressure at a point in a liquid is proportional to the________ of the liquid and the depth of the point.

B)          force done clear

C) area done clear

D) gravitational acceleration done clear

question_answer 61) Gaurav wants to accelerate a body of mass2 kg at 10 m/sec2. On the other hand, Sahil wants to get accelerate a body of mass 5 kg at 2.5m/sec2. Who will need to apply more force?

A) both will apply same force done clear

B) Gaurav done clear

C) Sahil done clear

question_answer 62) Stones A, B, C and D of same masses are thrown on a wall. Acceleration produced in them are $2m/se{{c}^{2}},\text{ }3\text{ }m/se{{c}^{2}},\text{ }5\text{ }m/se{{c}^{2}},\text{ }4\text{ }m/se{{c}^{2}}$ respectively. Arrange the force exerted by the stones in descending order.

A) ${{f}_{A}}>{{f}_{B}}>{{f}_{C}}>{{f}_{D}}$ done clear

B)          ${{f}_{D}}>{{f}_{C}}>{{f}_{B}}>{{f}_{A}}$ done clear

C) ${{f}_{A}}>{{f}_{B}}>{{f}_{D}}>{{f}_{C}}$           done clear

D) ${{f}_{C}}>{{f}_{D}}>{{f}_{B}}>{{f}_{A}}$ done clear

D) $A\to (s);B\to (p);C\to (q);D\to (r)$ done clear

C) $A\to (q);B\to (r);C\to (s);D\to (p)$ done clear

A) Book 1             done clear

B) Book 2 done clear

C) Both exert equal pressure done clear

D) Can't be determined done clear

A) 5N/m2  done clear

B)          100 N/m2 done clear

C) 200 N/m2         done clear

question_answer 67) Directions: The questions in this segment consists of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: The acceleration produced by a force in the motion of a body depends only up on its mass. Reason: Larger is the mass of the body, lesser will be the acceleration produced.

B) Both A and R are true and but R is not the correct explanation of A. done clear

C) A is true but R is a false. done clear

question_answer 68) Directions: The questions in this segment consists of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: If the net external force on the body is zero, then its acceleration is zero. Reason: Acceleration does not depend on force.

question_answer 69) Directions: The questions in this segment consists of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: An object can move with constant velocity if no net force acts on it. Reason: No net force is needed to move an object with constant velocity.

question_answer 70) Directions: The questions in this segment consists of two statements, one labelled as ?Assertion A? and the other labelled as ?Reason R?. You are to examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and Reasons R are individually true and if so, whether the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion. Select your answers to these items using codes given below. Assertion: A body is momentarily at rest when it reverses the direction. Reason: A body cannot have acceleration if its velocity is zero at a given instant of time.

question_answer 71) DIRECTIONS: Read the following three statements carefully and choose the correct option. Statement-1: It is easier to push a nail into a wooden box by the pointed end. Statement-2: Nail's head is easier to hit. Statement-3: Pressure applied on all nails is same whatever is their size.

A) Statement (1) and (3) are incorrect while statement (2) is correct. done clear

B) Statement (1) and (2) are incorrect while (3) is correct. done clear

C) All the statements are correct. done clear

D) All the statements are incorrect. done clear

question_answer 72) DIRECTIONS: Read the following three statements carefully and choose the correct option. Statement-1: Porters place a round piece of cloth on their heads. Statement-2: Pressure is inversely proportional to area on which it acts. Statement-3: Pressure is independent of area of surface in contact.

A) A                                  done clear

B) B done clear

C) Both A and B               done clear

A) 5kg                   done clear

B) 70kg done clear

C) 2.5kg                            done clear

D) 17.5kg done clear

A) 10 N                done clear

B)          20 N done clear

C) N                     done clear

A) Pa                    done clear

B)          0.2 Pa done clear

C) 20 Pa               done clear

D) 200 Pa done clear

A) east             done clear

B)          west done clear

C) north             done clear

D)          south done clear

A) spring scale      done clear

B) voltmeter done clear

C) thermometer    done clear

## Question - Force and Pressure

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1. Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure MCQ with Answers

2. NCERT Exemplar Class 8 Science Solutions Chapter 11

3. Force and Pressure Class 8 Extra Questions Science Chapter 11 (Updated

4. Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure MCQ with Answers

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6. Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure MCQ with Answers

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1. Case Study Questions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

Here we are providing case study questions for CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure. Case Study Questions. Question 1: Read the passage and answer the following questions. The discovery of atmospheric pressure gives a fact that air has weight. The weight of the atmosphere presses down on the earth's surface and creates pressure ...

2. Force and Pressure Class 8 Case Study Questions Science Chapter 8

Case Study Questions on Force and Pressure. Questions. Question 1: Read the given passage below and answer the question: In a game of volleyball, players often push the moving ball to their team mates to make a winning move. Sometimes the ball is returned to the other side of the court by pushing or smashing it.

3. Force and Pressure Class 8 Extra Questions Science Chapter 11

In case of rod B the same force produces less pressure. Question 6. It is difficult to cut cloth using a pair of scissors with blunt blades. Explain. Answer: Blunt blades have larger area compared to the sharp-edged blades. Thus, the applied force produces a lower pressure in case of blunt blades, which makes it difficult to cut the cloth ...

4. Force and Pressure Class 8 Science Extra Questions and Answers

Answer: The force acting on a unit area of a surface is called pressure. Question 15: Give one practical application of magnetic force. Answer: The closing of door of refrigerator works on the application of magnetic forces. Question 16: Give one example from daily life where force changes the shape of an object.

5. Important Questions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11

Class 8 Science important questions for Chapter 11 - Force and Pressure talks about force, contact force, electrostatic force, friction, gravitational force, pressure, etc. Here we have provided important questions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 for students so that they don't waste time making notes of important questions. These important ...

6. CBSE Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Important Questions: Force and Pressure

Important Topics Covered in Class 8 Science Solutions. Here are some important topics and subtopics of Chapter 11 - Force and Pressure that students must go through to study meticulously to excel in the subject. Our NCERT Solutions are prepared to keep in mind these important topics. Force - A Push or a Pull. Forces are due to an Interaction.

7. Important Questions Class 8 Science Chapter 11

The force applied is an example of muscular force. (iii) The type of force that is responsible for a change in the state of the motion of the arrow is an example of the contact force. (iv) While the arrow moves towards its intended target, the forces acting on it result from gravity and from the friction of the air.

8. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

The questions explained in the NCERT solutions for class 8 science chapter 11 force and pressure are based on the following points. Force is either a push or a pull on an object resulting from interaction with another object. The direction of motion of an object can be changed by applying force. Force can alter the shape of an object.

9. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

Chapter 11 Force and Pressure NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science - Notes. • A push or a pull on an object is called a force. Force has magnitude as well as direction. • The sum of forces acting on bodies is called net force. • Forces applied on an object in the same direction add to one another.

10. Force and Pressure Class 8 Important Questions and Answers

Important Questions of Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure. Here you can get Class 8 Important Questions Science based on NCERT Text book for Class 8. Science Class 8 Important Questions are very helpful to score high marks in board exams. Here we have covered Important Questions on Force and Pressure for Class 8 Science subject.

11. Question Bank for 8th Class Science Force and Pressure

Free Question Bank for 8th Class Science Force and Pressure . Customer Care : 6267349244. ... Question Bank for 8th Class Science Force and Pressure Force, Friction and Sound Practice Now. Force and Pressure ... Study Packages Question Bank Online Test Rajasthan State Exams ; Videos

12. Force And Pressure Class 8 Notes

On this page, you will find notes, questions, and answers to class 8 science chapter 11. These Force And Pressure Class 8 Notes ,explanations, examples, and questions and answers are according to CBSE and the NCERT textbook. If you like the study material, feel free to share the link as much as possible.

13. Force and pressure

UP Class 8th Science. 17 units · 55 skills. Unit 1. Latest advancements in science and technology. Unit 2. Man made objects. Unit 3. Structure of atom. ... Definition and units of force and pressure Get 5 of 7 questions to level up! Air pressure Get 4 of 5 questions to level up! Floatation, Buoyant force, Archimedes' principle and Laws of ...

14. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure Exercise Questions and Answers. Question 1. Give two examples of each of the situations in which you push or pull to change the state of motion of objects. Answer: (1) If a rubber ball or marble is placed on a very smooth surface and given a small push, it starts moving with some speed.

15. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 - Free PDF Download. *According to the CBSE Syllabus 2023-24, this chapter has been renumbered as Chapter 7. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure are provided here to help students to follow the concepts in an easy way. The topic of Force and Pressure is one of the ...

16. CBSE Class 8 Science Force and Pressure Competency Based Questions

Force and Pressure - Competency Based Questions. Select the number of questions for the test: 5. 10. ₹. Strengthen your understanding of Force and Pressure in CBSE Class 8 Science through competency based questions. Acquire in-depth knowledge and improve problem-solving abilities with comprehensive solutions.

17. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure

Force and Pressure Class 8 Science NCERT Textbook Questions. Question 1. Give two examples each of the situations in which you push or pull to change the state of motion of objects. Answer: (i) Push: We close drawer by pushing. We move a wooden box by pushing. (ii) Pull: We draw water from a well by pulling the rope.

18. NCERT Solutions for Chapter 11 Force and Pressure Class 8 Science

Free access to Study material, Videos and Ebooks on our android app Download now. ... Force and Pressure. Class 8 > Science > NCERT > Force and Pressure. NCERT Solutions for Chapter 11 Force and Pressure Class 8 Science Book Solutions. 1. Give two examples each of situations in which you push or pull to change the state of motion of objects ...

19. Force and Pressure Class 8 Extra Questions and Answers Science Chapter 11

Force and Pressure Class 8 Extra Questions Short Answer Type. Question 1. Define pressure. Answer: The force acting per unit surface area is called pressure. SI unit of pressure is measured in Newton/ Metre2, which is equal to 1 Pascal (Pa). Question 2.

20. CBSE Class 8th Science Value Based Questions Chapter 7 Force And

CBSE Science Value Based Questions Class 8th Chapter 7 Force And Pressure PDF. The purpose of the Science Value Based Questions is to make students aware of how basic values are needed in the analysis of different situations and how students require to recognize those values in their daily lives. Some questions are subject related.

21. NCERT Class 8 Science Chapter 11 Force and Pressure Extra Questions

2] the force acting on an unit area of a surface is called pressure. 3] the force resulting due to the action of muscle is known as muscular force. 4)Push or pull on an object Is called a Force. 5)The pressure exerted by air is known as atmospheric pressure. 2] say whether the following statements are true or false.

22. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Force and Pressure

Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Exemplar Answers. NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Science Chapter 8 Force and Pressure English and Hindi Medium PDF and Video Format modified for session 2024-25. Solutions are based on new NCERT Books issued for academic year 2024-25. CBSE NCERT Sols and Offline Apps are updated for new academic session.

23. 8th Class Science Force and Pressure Question Bank

question_answer 65) DIRECTIONS: Read the passage given below and answer the questions that/allow. Passage Pressure is defined as the force exerted over a unit of area. Pressure=force area. Place a book on a bathroom scale and, whether you place it on its back, on its side, or balanced on a corner, it still exerts the same force.