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– Gen. Mark A. Milley, Chief of Staff of the Army

Urban Warfare Project Case Study Series

Urban Warfare Case Study #7: Second Battle of Fallujah

Urban Warfare Case Study #7: Second Battle of Fallujah

John Spencer, Jayson Geroux, and Liam Collins | 07.25.23 The Second Battle of Fallujah occurred from November 7to December 23, 2004 during Operation Iraqi Freedom. As noted in Urban Warfare Case Study #6 on the First Battle of Fallujah, which took place earlier in...

Urban Warfare Case Study #6: First Battle of Fallujah

Urban Warfare Case Study #6: First Battle of Fallujah

John Spencer and Jayson Geroux | 10.28.22 The First Battle of Fallujah occurred between April 3 and May 1, 2004 during Operation Iraqi Freedom. The city of Fallujah is situated on the Euphrates River in al-Anbar province of Iraq, forty-three miles west of Baghdad. It...

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #5: Battle of Ortona

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #5: Battle of Ortona

John Spencer and Jayson Geroux | 02.26.22 The battle of Ortona occurred between German and Canadian forces from December 20 to December 27, 1943, during World War II (1939–1945). A coastal town in central Italy, Ortona sits on a plateau overlooking the Adriatic Sea....

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #4: Battle of Suez City

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #4: Battle of Suez City

John Spencer and Jayson Geroux | 01.13.22 The battle of Suez City occurred on October 24–25, 1973 during the Arab-Israeli War (also known as the Yom Kippur War), which began on October 6 of that year and ended on October 25 Suez City is located at the very northern...

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #3: Battle of Hue

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #3: Battle of Hue

John Spencer and Jayson Geroux | 11.04.21 The Battle of Hue  took place in the former Republic of South Vietnam and occurred from January 31 to March 2, 1968. Hue was bisected by the Perfume River (Hương, in Vietnamese), which flowed from southwest to northeast out to...

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #2: Battle of Mosul

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #2: Battle of Mosul

John Spencer and Jayson Geroux | 09.15.21 The Battle of Mosul began on October 16, 2016, ending when a final pocket of defending forces was cleared on July 20, 2017. The city is located in northern Iraq’s Nineveh province. Its seventy square miles are bisected by the...

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #1: Battle of Stalingrad

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #1: Battle of Stalingrad

John Spencer and Jayson Geroux | 06.28.21 The Battle of Stalingrad (modern-day Volgograd) occurred from August 23, 1942 to February 2, 1943 during World War II (1939–1945). The city is in the southwestern region of what was then the Soviet Union. The majority of the...

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urban warfare project case study

  • Defence and armed forces
  • Armed forces

Stuart Lyle: shaping the future of urban warfare

Taking critical analysis and research from the lab to frontline troops, he and his team work to give our Armed Forces an operational edge.

urban warfare project case study

He is one of the world’s leading voices on urban warfare… and is sometime nicknamed the British Jack Ryan.

Stuart Lyle has been carrying out his work at the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory ( Dstl ) for 11 years and has travelled the world to share learning with other experts and give our Armed Forces an operational edge.

Delivering critical analysis and research from the lab to frontline troops in the British Army and Royal Marines he and his team are helping shape the future of the military.

Stuart Lyle - The People Inside

The dad-of-two said:

The most exciting thing about my role is actually seeing some of the impact our work has within defence. There are very tangible examples of where the recommendations that we’ve made in Dstl or the research that we’ve done has shaped the way that the land forces conduct business, how they structure themselves, or the equipment they get. I work in a close-knit team that get on really well and are all working on multiple projects at any given moment. We have different expertise throughout the group. No one person has all the expertise in one area so while I’m the urban guy I rely on, for example, artillery people to inform the work I do.

urban warfare project case study

While he can’t talk about everything he works on, a recent project he was proud of was the role the team played in designing and testing the Urban Phalanx platoon concept .

This was based on Dstl research to improve the operational effectiveness and survivability of dismounted infantry in urban combat.

A new configuration of infantry units was proposed to meet the unique challenges of urban warfare to improve situational awareness, reduce the pressures on junior commanders and increase their ability to use assets at their disposal.

The proposed new formation of the unit, which included an additional role, has now been taken forward by the British Army’s Experimentation and Trials Group as the foundation for their Next Generation Combat Team. This has been subject to extensive live trials and will be showcased in the US.

This recommendation may end up shaping the way the armed forces approach urban warfare.

urban warfare project case study

Stuart added:

Urban warfare is an important subject for defence to try to grapple with. Urban terrain is the most complex environment the military will operate in. To understand the complexities of that, the way it is going to change how you conduct your tactics and the way you plan your operations is critical. Helping the army understand the challenges and how best to overcome them is really important.

Originally from Northern Ireland, some US colleagues nicknamed him the British Jack Ryan as his career path has, in many ways, mirrored that of the fictional character.

Like the hero of the Tom Clancy novels Stuart started his career as a trainee officer in the marines – in his case the Royal Marines – before a back injury forced him to seek a new career.

urban warfare project case study

While Jack Ryan became an intelligence analyst Stuart became a Defence analyst.

Despite this difference, he has managed to achieve almost as much travel with his work which has taken him from Tokyo to LA, Oslo to Muscat and many other far-flung cities in between.

Delegates from Austria, Chile, Bermuda, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Australia, Germany, France, Canada and others have all visited to attend lectures by Stuart.

urban warfare project case study

The coolest thing I’ve done in Dstl is definitely last year, I got to go over to Los Angeles and I got to teach on the US Army’s Urban Operations Planners’ course. So I got to fly out to LA and deliver some of our research to the course and explain how that would impact on military operations which culminated in flying around Los Angeles in a Black Hawk helicopter delivering a lesson on urban terrain zones.

Outside of work he relaxes by playing wargames and going camping. Another skill that many don’t know about is his prowess as a baker.

This hobby started with him making novelty birthday cakes for his children and evolved into cakes for friends and eventually even a wedding cake.

urban warfare project case study

Once I got into Dstl I realised it was actually a much bigger organisation and has much greater influence than I knew of. Being in it now for more than a decade the level of impact Dstl has across Defence is phenomenal. We really do get to go in there and steer the ship. We are, in many ways, the partner behind the scenes. So while the military is the upfront face of Defence, there is generally speaking a Dstl hand in whatever Defence is doing.

Find more about the future of urban warfare and working for Dstl .

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Urban warfare and the protection of civilians: Mosul, a case study

fighting street mosul

11 November 2021, 14:00–15:15 CET

Click here to register for this session. This session will be held in Arabic and English. Interpretation is available.

The battle to retake Mosul from the Islamic State (2016–17) raised a number of issues for military and humanitarian actors, centring around political competition, the protection of civilians and urban warfare. International non-governmental organizations (INGOs) had planned on the assumption Moslawis would flee the city but the Islamic State prevented their escape and used the presence of citizens as a battle tactic. From a humanitarian perspective, many INGOs had to adjust their planning after the battle began. Military actors engaged in battle in a densely populated city with much of the population being held hostage. At the same time, political competition between actors—including between the Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government, the Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF) and the international coalition, and the PMF and local actors—hindered tactics and limited battlefield success. The combined impact of all of the above negatively influenced post-war dynamics and the reconstruction processes, making it important to learn lessons on military and humanitarian planning. This panel will discuss how military and humanitarian actors adjusted to these dynamics, whether they were prepared and what lessons the battle offers for the future in terms of protection of civilians and urban warfare.

The session will address the following questions:

  • What was the impact of the population staying in Mosul on military tactics and the wider humanitarian response?
  • What lessons are there from the battle in terms of protection of civilians and urban warfare?
  • What are the longer-term repercussions of the battle for Mosul?

  Moderator

Discussants.

  For additional information on this session, please contact the SSC 2021 Team at [email protected] .

Urban Warfare Project Case Study #2 – Mosul

Journal title, journal issn, volume title, description, item.page.type, item.page.format, collections.

IMAGES

  1. Urban Warfare Project Case Study #2: Battle of Mosul

    urban warfare project case study

  2. Urban Warfare Project Case Studies

    urban warfare project case study

  3. Urban Warfare Project Case Studies

    urban warfare project case study

  4. Learning from the Second Battle of Fallujah: An Urban Warfare Project

    urban warfare project case study

  5. Launch Announcement: The Urban Warfare Project Case Study Series

    urban warfare project case study

  6. Launch Announcement: The Urban Warfare Project Case Study Series

    urban warfare project case study

VIDEO

  1. Call of Duty Modern Warfare 2 🔥

  2. Call of duty Future Warfare: Campaign and Multiplayer Gameplay

  3. Urban 101

  4. Project Case Study: S.P.A.C.E

  5. Fact or Fiction Final Project Case Study

  6. PROJECT CASE STUDY AND VIDEO RECORDING

COMMENTS

  1. Urban Warfare Project Case Studies - Modern War Institute

    Urban Warfare Project Case Study #4: Battle of Suez City John Spencer and Jayson Geroux | 01.13.22 The battle of Suez City occurred on October 24–25, 1973 during the Arab-Israeli War (also known as the Yom Kippur War), which began on October 6 of that year and ended on October 25 Suez City is located at the very northern...

  2. 40 ID Urban Warfare | Cal Guard - California

    Urban Warfare Case Study #4: Suez City” 2022 “Urban Warfare Project Case Study #3 – Hue” 2021 “Urban Warfare Project Case Study #2 – Mosul” 2021 “Enter and Clear a Room: The History of Battle Drill 6, and Why the Army Needs More Tactical Training Like It—Not Less” 2021

  3. Stuart Lyle: shaping the future of urban warfare - Case study ...

    1 February 2024. He is one of the world’s leading voices on urban warfare… and is sometime nicknamed the British Jack Ryan. Stuart Lyle has been carrying out his work at the Defence Science ...

  4. Urban Warfare Project

    As the world is increasingly urbanized, military forces must be prepared for cities to become battlefields. The Urban Warfare Project Podcast, from the Modern War Institute at West Point, features insightful discussions with scholars and practitioners as it sets out to explore the unique characteristics of urban warfare.

  5. Win the Urban War in Taiwan | Proceedings - February 2023 Vol ...

    8. John Spencer and Jayson Geroux, “Case Study #2: Mosul,” Modern Warfare Institute Urban Warfare Project, 15 September 2021; and Patrick Wintour and Bethan McKernan, “Yemen: Cease Fire Agreed for Port City of Hodeidah,” The Guardian, 13 December 2018. 9. Anthony King, Urban Warfare in the 21st Century (Cambridge, MA: Polity Press, 2021 ...

  6. Urban warfare and the protection of civilians: Mosul, a case ...

    The battle to retake Mosul from the Islamic State (2016–17) raised a number of issues for military and humanitarian actors, centring around political competition, the protection of civilians and urban warfare. International non-governmental organizations (INGOs) had planned on the assumption Moslawis would flee the city but the Islamic State ...

  7. Urban Warfare Project Case Study #2 – Mosul

    The Battle of Mosul began on October 16, 2016, ending when a final pocket of defending forces was cleared on July 20, 2017. The city is located in northern Iraq’s Nineveh province.