Due to COVID-19, the executive committee has followed guidance from the state and decided to cancel Great Lakes 2020. While we will miss seeing our residents present the projects they worked so diligently on this year, we hope this cancellation will help to protect our participants. Please note, there is no request for the upload of any presentation material to the website at this time, but we look forward to seeing everyone at Great Lakes 2021!

38th Annual Great Lakes

Pharmacy Resident Conference 2024

Abstract due, presentation due, early bird registration due.

great lakes presentation

Share Your Work & Connect With Leaders

7 states, 900+ attendees.

The Great Lakes Pharmacy Resident Conference offers the opportunity for residents from all states to present their research projects to their peers and colleagues around the Great Lakes States.

WHEN? Apr 24, 2024 – Apr 26, 2024

WHERE? Purdue University, West Lafayette Indiana

WHO? 600 residents,  300 preceptors

GLPRC Schedule


Feb 1, 2024 – Abstracts and CV Due Mar 31, 2024 – Early Bird Rate Registration Due Mar 25, 2024 – Any speakers WITH a Conflict of Interest to disclose must submit slides for peer review. Apr 10, 2024 – Speakers WITHOUT a Conflict of Interest slides will be due Apr 24, 2024 –  Conference begins for all states Apr 26, 2024 –  Conference ends for all states May 13, 2024 – Evaluations Due

GLPRC Mobile App

When you come to Great Lakes Pharmacy Resident Conference, use this year’s app to plan your days, find out about last-minute changes, presentations, and more. The link will take you to the app for download.

great lakes presentation

early bird registration Rate

Available before Mar 31, 2024.

Visit www.CESally.com to claim ACPE CPE after the Conference. Detailed instructions are here . After the conference attendees will have only 14 days to complete the program evaluation to receive CPE credit

Get Excited for GLPRC 2024

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The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes are one of the most distinctive natural features on Earth. They are a chain of five deep freshwater lakes, Lakes Superior, Michigan, Erie, Huron, and Ontario, in the east central part of the North American continent. 

Great Lakes Facts

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  • Facts  about the Great Lakes
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Learn about partnerships throughout the United States and Canada and the strategies to protect the Great Lakes. Through the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative and others, understand  funding  efforts that protect the Great Lakes. We have technical databases  to explore  the data that  effects the decisions made for that protection.

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How Deep Are the Great Lakes? And Why Are They Great?

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A satellite image of the Great Lakes

There's no place like H.O.M.E.S. — Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie and Superior. Together, North America's Great Lakes are impressive freshwater lakes, enriching our world with their vast bodies of water. So, how deep are the Great Lakes?

The depth varies considerably from one lake to another, with Lake Superior not only being the largest but also the deepest lake. Its maximum depth reaches approximately 1,333 feet (406 meters), a staggering measure that contributes to its voluminous size. The greatest depth of Lake Michigan is nearly as deep, at around 923 feet (281 meters).

Lake Ontario follows, with its deepest point plunging to about 802 feet (244 meters) and Lake Huron is just behind at 750 feet (220 meters). On the other hand, Lake Erie is the shallowest of the five lakes, with its deepest section measuring roughly 210 feet (64 meters). Despite these varying figures, the average depth across all the lakes presents an impressive testament to their scale.

While the impressive depths of the Great Lakes are a marvel in themselves, these figures merely scratch the surface of what makes these bodies of water truly extraordinary. As we delve into five more reasons why the Great Lakes are so great, it becomes evident that their depth is only the beginning.

  • They Contain Much of the World's Fresh Water
  • 150 Fish Species Are Native to the Region
  • Migratory Birds Use the Lakes as Waystations
  • The Microclimate Is Ideal for Wineries
  • They Preserve Shipwrecks Really Well

5: They Contain Much of the World's Fresh Water

Technically, the Great Lakes hold one-fifth of the world's fresh surface water. That's a lot of water, especially when, one in four people around the world don't have reliable access to safe drinking water. It's a badly needed resource. Some 97 percent of all the water on our planet is saltwater . And most of the globe's freshwater supply is either frozen in glaciers or buried underground.

One reason why the Great Lakes are so important is they harbor 20 percent of the Earth's fresh water. All the more reason to keep them pollution-free. Exactly how much water are we talking about here? Put together, the five Great Lakes have 6 quadrillion gallons of it. For metric system fans, that's 22.7 quadrillion liters. With this amount of H2O, an aspiring supervillain could cover the contiguous United States in 10 feet (3 meters) of standing water.

4: 150 Fish Species Are Native to the Region

The Great Lakes were born when glaciers receded from this part of the world at the end of the last ice age. As the icy bulldozers went northward, they carved out deep troughs in the earth that later filled with water. Paleontologists think the Great Lakes' native fish species migrated into the area from drainages like the Hudson Bay and the Upper Mississippi River.

Of these indigenous fish, none can match the lake sturgeon in size . Adult sturgeon can be more than 7 feet (2.13 meters) long and weigh 240 pounds (108 kilograms). Other well-known species include the muskellunge, rock bass and northern pike.

But not all the fish are locals. Several game species like Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout were deliberately introduced. Other exotic fish, such as the sea lampreys, just snuck in . Either way, some of these newcomers are killing or out-competing the native species — which is a huge problem .

Lake Superior holds the title of the largest freshwater lake in the world by surface area. Spanning an impressive 31,700 square miles (82,100 square kilometers) , it holds a volume of water so vast that it could submerge both North and South America under one foot of water. As a major reservoir of surface freshwater, Lake Superior is a critical habitat for wildlife, a cornerstone for regional economies, and a cultural icon in North American history.

3: Migratory Birds Use the Lakes as Waystations

Not into fishing? Try birdwatching. Millions of hawks, geese and other birds take biannual pit stops in the Great Lakes basin every year as part of their migration cycles. The wetlands, forests and islands here are terrific places for the flyers to rest and feed before moving on. Some then fly as far north as the Arctic Circle or as far south as Argentina. Their visits are a boon for cities and towns in the Great Lakes area, generating money from birdwatching tourists.

2: The Microclimate Is Ideal for Wineries

Water and land have different relationships with heat. By comparison, water takes longer to warm up and cool down. On the shores of a large lake, this fact is readily apparent. When springtime comes, the lake's temperature will rise more slowly than the land that surrounds it. As a result, air around the coastline tends to be cooler than inland air every spring. You'd think this would hurt farmers who live by the shoreline, but it can actually help them. The chillier temperatures cause fruit trees to blossom later in the season. As a result, apples, peaches and other fruits are less likely to get killed by sudden frosts .

Fruits that don't tend to fare well up north can thrive by the Great Lakes. Accordingly, the region has a huge fruit-growing industry. One nice byproduct of weather is the abundance of wineries around Lakes Michigan, Erie and Ontario. The microclimate and loamy soil in those areas make them well-suited for viticulture . That's part of the reason why Ontario produces more wine than any other Canadian province.

The Great Lakes Waterway is a remarkable feat of engineering and natural endowment, a continuous system of channels, locks, and navigable passages that forms a 2,300-mile marine highway linking all five Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River to the Atlantic Ocean. Serving as a vital commercial artery, this waterway accommodates the movement of massive freighters transporting iron ore, coal, grain, and other goods essential to the industry.

1: They Preserve Shipwrecks Really Well

Just about every type of boat or ship you can imagine — from wooden canoes to mine-laying submarines — has deployed on the Great Lakes at some point in time. And this is to say nothing of the naval battles that broke out here during the War of 1812 . So, it's not surprising that the lakes contain an estimated 8,000 shipwrecks , with new ones being discovered on a regular basis.

Quantity is nice, but so is quality. Many of these vessels are almost perfectly preserved . The Great Lakes contain cold, fresh water. That allows shipwrecks to last longer than they would in the ocean. In saltwater, iron-based metal corrodes more rapidly. Also, the ocean is home to shipworms that feast on wooden wrecks. Finally, there's coral, which thrives in warm waters and can encrust itself all over submerged vessels.

Conditions in the Great Lakes make it a lot easier for archaeologists to study shipwreck sites. There are also strict anti-looting laws that help prevent the artifacts on these ships from being stolen. However, that being said, there's still one big threat to the sunken vehicles: invasive zebra mussels. It's thought that when the mollusks latch onto boat hulls, they end up damaging wooden and metallic wrecks alike. The situation has historians scrambling to document important ships before too much harm befalls them.

This article was updated in conjunction with AI technology, then fact-checked and edited by a HowStuffWorks editor.

On Lake Huron, there's a Canadian landmass called Manitoulin Island . With an area of 1,067 square miles (2,765 square kilometers), it's the largest island in the world that resides in a freshwater lake. And get this: Big old Manioulin has 108 lakes of its own — some of which contain tiny islands . So, a visitor could theoretically stand on a little island in a little lake that's on a big island in a big lake. Neat!

Please copy/paste the following text to properly cite this HowStuffWorks.com article:

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Mayors Protecting and Restoring the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River Basin

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Webinars and Presentations

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As a part of many of its programs, the Cities Initiative offers webinars and online presentations. Find an archive of these sessions here.

Cities as Key Partners in the Water Innovation Pipeline

January 25 View Webinar View Presentation

As cities continue to grow, their influence on water resources and management strategies becomes more significant. This webinar explores how urban areas, often at the forefront of climate change impacts, are uniquely positioned to drive innovative solutions in water technology. We will discuss the latest advancements in water conservation, purification, and recycling technologies, emphasizing their importance in urban settings.

Participants will gain insights into:

  • The challenges and opportunities of water management in urban settings.
  • Innovative water technologies shaping the future of urban water management.
  • AquaAction’s role in bridging the gap between technology developers and city administrations.
  • Strategies for cities to become active partners in the water innovation pipeline.

This webinar will be driven by AquaAction, an organization dedicated to fostering water tech innovations. AquaAction’s approach involves collaborating with city planners, policymakers, and technology experts to develop and implement cutting-edge solutions tailored for urban environments. We will showcase successful case studies where AquaAction has partnered with cities to implement these technologies, highlighting the positive outcomes on urban sustainability and resilience.

This webinar is ideal for city planners, environmentalists, technology innovators, policymakers, and anyone interested in the intersection of urban development and sustainable water management. Join us to understand how cities can be key players in shaping a water-secure future.

Launching the Initiative for Resilient Great Lakes Coasts in Lake Huron, Lake Superior, and Lake St. Clair Communities (U.S. Members Only)

Join NOAA and the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative for an introductory webinar on the Initiative for Resilient Great Lakes Coasts! This initiative brings scientific expertise, training, and technical assistance to communities looking to restore coastal habitats and improve climate resilience. Ultimately, at least eight site-specific projects will receive engineering design support (with no local match) through the program to help move projects toward implementation. Communities along Lake Huron, Lake St. Clair, and Lake Superior as well as communities along the Detroit River, St. Clair River, and St. Mary’s River are invited to participate.

Learn More  about the Initiative for Resilient Great Lakes Coasts.

About the Partners

  • The Cities Initiative represents more than 250 communities across the multinational Great Lakes-St. Lawrence region.
  • NOAA’s Office for Coastal Management is the federal arm of this nation’s efforts to sustainably manage the nation’s coastal zone.
  • Your coastal community brings local knowledge and project opportunities.

IJC Climate Adaptation Guide Virtual Dialogue

December 13 View Webinar

The Cities Initiative is hosting a dialogue to gather feedback on a new climate adaptation guide being developed by the International Joint Commission (IJC) to support small- and medium-sized Great Lakes communities in accessing tools and resources to support their climate adaptation efforts. This event will begin with a short presentation on the guide. Participants will be asked to comment on and critique the guide and provide any other feedback relevant to their community’s needs regarding climate adaptation. We welcome representatives from regional planning agencies, municipal leadership and staff, and other potential end-users of this guide from all of the Great Lakes states and provinces.

Virtual Roundtable:  Next Steps for the Canada Water Agency (Canada Members)

November 23

Join the new Director General of the  Canada Water Agency  to learn about the agency’s mandate, the strengthened Freshwater Action Plan and how recent federal freshwater policies and programs can help your community and region’s shoreline, rivers, and lakes.

The Canada Water Agency has been created as the federal focal point for fresh water, working in partnership with Indigenous Peoples, provinces, territories, municipalities, and stakeholders to strengthen collaboration on fresh water. Legislation will be introduced in 2023 to establish the Canada Water Agency as a stand-alone Agency. The Canada Water Agency delivers on key elements of the strengthened Freshwater Action Plan to:

  • Restore, protect, and manage waterbodies of national significance
  • Improve freshwater quality

The Freshwater Action Plan builds on proven approaches to deliver regionally-responsive initiatives in waterbodies of national significance, including the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River.

The Canada Water Agency is leading the modernization of the Canada Water Act to reflect Canada’s freshwater reality, including climate change and the rights of Indigenous Peoples. It also supports the implementation of important initiatives such as the National Adaptation Strategy.

*The presentation will be in English, however questions and conversation can be in English or French.

Speaker: Veronique Hiriart-Baer , Director General, Freshwater Management, Canada Water Agency, Environment and Climate Change Canada

Show Me the Money : How to Secure and Strategically Utilize M ultiple Funding Sources to Expedite Lead Service Line Replacement in Your Community  

November 9 View Webinar

Obtaining funding is a prerequisite for every community seeking to replace its lead service lines . D epending on the scope of the problem, multiple funding sources – from municipal bonds to federal funding – may be needed to achieve 100 percent replacement. Meanwhile, t he best sources of capital may differ depending on a municipality’s qualification as a state-defined disadvantaged community, their capacity to take on additional debt, their credit score, their size, and other factors. Communities must also be mindful to stretch scarce dollars for lead pip e re moval as far as possible , including by bringing down the cost of each replacement . In this webinar , you will hear directly from municipal leaders and other stakeholders who have successful ly leverag ed diverse financing and innovative cost-saving mechanisms to expedite lead service line replacement . You will also walk away with an improved understanding of how your community can secure and strategically utilize t he full range of funding sources available to get the lead out of your drinking water .  

Moderator and Featured Speakers:

  • Maureen Cunningham , Chief Strategy Officer & Director of Water, EPIC – Moderator
  • Angela Bricmont , Chief of Finance, Denver Water
  • Gary Brown , Director, Detroit Water and Sewerage Department  
  • Ed Moore , Public Utilities Director , City of Toledo  
  • Nathan Anderson , Vice President, Regional and Community Development Research, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago  

Leaders for Sustainable Change: 2023 Wege Project Winners

September 21 View Webinar View Presentation – Belleville View Presentation – Tiny

This year, the Cities Initiative selected two Ontario communities for its annual Wege Award – the City of Belleville and the Township of Tiny. This award provides $7,500 to a Cities Initiative member city with a population of less than 100,000 with an innovative sustainability project that helps support the protection of our freshwater resources for future generations. Join us for this webinar to find out more about the two winning projects and how some of these solutions could be applied. Cities Initiative staff will also be on hand to answer questions about the Wege Award process.

Featured Speakers:

  • Amanda Azzopardi , Environmental Coordinator, City of Belleville
  • Bonita Desroches , Director of Recreation, Township of Tiny

Environmental Finance Centers: Accessing Technical Assistance for Water-Infrastructure Projects

September 21 View Webinar

The Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act  provides  a combined $23.42 billion for the Clean Water State Revolving Fund and the Drinking Water State Revolving Fund over five years, plus $15 billion for lead service line replacement, $5 billion for emerging contaminants in disadvantaged communities and $4 billion for PFAS in drinking water. In response, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)  selected  29 Environmental Finance Centers (EFCs) to provide technical assistance to help communities evaluate their water-infrastructure needs and submit applications to finance identified projects via their respective State Revolving Funds or other U.S. EPA funding streams. The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative invites you to join us to learn about how your community may access technical assistance through the EFC mechanism. This webinar is co-hosted by the Cities Initiative’s Mayors Commission on Water Equity.

Moderator | Speakers:

  • Marcus Muhammad , Mayor of Benton Harbor, Michigan – Moderator
  • Mike McGee , Infrastructure Specialist, EPA
  • Bill Schleizer , CEO, Delta Institute
  • Denise Schmidt , Funding Navigator Director, EPIC
  • Paula Conolly , Director of Local Engagement & Senior Advisor for Distributed Infrastructure, US Water Alliance

Putting People First: Local Climate Solutions that Maximize Public Benefit

May 18 View Webinar

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Moderator | Speakers

  • Andrea Matrosovs , Mayor of the Town of the Blue Mountains, Ontario – Moderator
  • Harriet Festing , Executive Director, Anthropocene Alliance
  • Iyana Simba , City Programs Director at Illinois Environment Council
  • Vidya Balasubramanyam , Program Director with the Coastal States Organization
  • Mark Wagstaff , Senior Waterfront Engineer & Principal at SmithGroup
  • John Bratton , Senior Science Officer at LimnoTech in Ann Arbor, Michigan

The Great Lakes Coastal Resiliency Study: Engaging Municipal Stakeholders

April 20 View Presentation View Webinar

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  • David Bucaro , Chief of Planning, Chicago District, USACE
  • Mike Padilla , Project Manager, Chicago District, USACE

Cities Initiative’s 2023 Canadian and U.S. Federal Priorities for the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River Basin

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  • Travis Wheeler , Chief Policy Officer, Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative
  • Phil Murphy-Rhéaume , Canada Policy Director, Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative

International Joint Commission Seeking Input from Cities Initiative Members on Great Lakes Water Quality

December 8 View Presentation

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Join the Cities Initiative for an exclusive opportunity to provide the International Joint Commission (IJC) with your reflections on governments’ progress to restore, protect and enhance the water quality of the Great Lakes.

Preparing your Grant Applications for Infrastructure

September View Presentation

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  • Alis a McCulloch, Canada West Lead, North American Funding Program
  • Heidi Peper, Senior Associate & US East Lead, North American Funding Program

Next Steps for Water Equity:  Ensuring Equitable Implementation of the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law

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  • Jonathan Nelson , Senior Advisor for Technical Assistance and Community Outreach, Office of Water, U.S. EPA
  • Katrina Kessler , Commissioner, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
  • Jake Pawlak , Deputy Mayor and Director, Office of Management and Budget, City of Pittsburgh and previous Senior Manager for the Pittsburgh Water and Sewer Authority, which has replaced 8,883 public lead lines and 5,846 private lead lines since 2016

University of Michigan Graduate Students Present Research Findings on Resiliency Resources

April 28, 2022 View Presentation

Over the past year, graduate students from the University of Michigan’s School for Environment and Sustainability (SEAS) have been conducting research to better understand coastal resilience needs and resources in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River Basin. The students interviewed resources providers, mayors, and municipal staff across the basin and will be presenting their findings and outcomes during this webinar. This research was jointly supported by the Cities Initiative and our partners at NOAA’s Office for Coastal Management.

Canada’s Federal Budget 2022 – What’s in it for cities and freshwater?

April 19, 2022 View Webinar

The federal budget will be presented on April 7. Find out what commitments Government of Canada is making to support cities, invest in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River and improve freshwater quality.

Cities Initiative’s U.S. and Canadian Federal Policy Priorities for 2022

March 31, 2022 View Webinar Each year, the Cities Initiative compiles its policy priorities for both the US and Canadian federal governments. These priorities serve as the foundation for discussions with policymakers and collaboration with other Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River stakeholders. Learn about our 2022 priorities and what steps we have taken and will be taking to move these policy, program and funding recommendations forward.

Speakers: Matt Doss , U.S. Policy Director, Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative Phil Murphy-Rhéaume , Canada Policy Director, Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative

What Environmental Justice Means for Cities

March 3, 2022 View Webinar

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View Presentation: Liz Kirkwood , Executive Director, FLOW (For Love of Water) Kayley Laura Lata , Public Affairs Advisor, Observatoire international des droits de la Nature

Funding your Water Projects in the Post-COVID Economy

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This webinar will review funding available from the federal government to assist our cities in rebuilding our water infrastructure.

Keeping your Water Clean for a Stronger Fishing Industry

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View Webinar

View Presentations Titus Seilheimer , Ph.D., Fisheries Specialist, Wisconsin Sea Grant Paris Collingsworth , Assistant Research Professor, Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University and Great Lakes Ecosystem Specialist, Illinois Indiana Sea Grant

Leveraging your Waterfront to Transition your Economy

Thursday, October 7  – Your waterfront is a valuable asset. Join us for a discussion on how you can further develop this precious asset to grow your economy. View Webinar

View Presentations Jim Filby Williams ,  Director of Parks, Properties and Libraries at City of Duluth Aaron Barter,   Director of Innovation and Sustainability at   Waterfront Toronto Kevin Kimmes ,  U.S. Sector Leader, Municipal Clients at Stantec

American Rescue Plan Act

Thursday, June 17  – The American Rescue Plan Act allocates funding for cities, towns, and villages to get relief during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, many communities are still unsure about how to access these funds. Please join us for a discussion on ways for communities to access and utilize available funds. View Webinar View Presentation

Progress in Addressing PFAS Contamination in our Waterways

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Priorities For Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities in the Upcoming Session of Parliament (Canada)

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The Future of the Cruise Industry on the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River (English)

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Rising Water Levels in the Great Lakes – Great Lakes St. Lawrence Cities Initiative

May 7, 2020 Water levels in the Great Lakes and St Lawrence. Presented by the International Joint Commission(IJC).

This webinar has already passed, watch the video recording.

Action Plan 2030

May 21, 2020 The result of 18 months of consultations, the action plan makes recommendations to the Federal and Provincial Governments that support local action to improve water quality, stop erosion, and reduce pollution in your community.

Erosion and Flooding (English)

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Erosion and Flooding mitigation best practices and lessons learned from shoreline communities along the Great Lakes and St Lawrence.

Stimulus Water Restoration Initiative:  A Campaign to Bring Stimulus Funding to Your Municipality

great lakes presentation

As a result of the COVID-19 crisis, the U.S. government is contemplating stimulus packages to restart our economies and to put citizens back to work.

The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative will be launching a Stimulus Water Restoration Initiative to advocate for financial resources to address water infrastructure needs and ensure your city can receive stimulus funds to put your citizens back to work and to improve your community and the water basin. Please attend this lunchtime webinar to learn about how you can participate in this effort.

Water Infrastructure Projects – How to Fund Your Projects and Optimize your Debt Structure (English)

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Providing clean water is the most important service you provide to your citizens.  Your community is in need of important water infrastructure improvements.  Hear from the experts and your colleagues on how you can get your water infrastructure off the ground in today’s difficult economic environment.

Microplastics:  A Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Update (English)

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September 24, 2020 View Webinar

Microplastics are created when larger plastic pieces enter the marine environment and are subsequently broken into particles of less than 5mm in diameter by wind, waves and solar radiation. Microplastics are endangering the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence and the animals that inhabit these waters. Please attend this lunchtime webinar to get an update on this effort and find out how your municipality can help eliminate this pollutant.

A New Funding Opportunity to Address Coast Erosion, Flooding and Other Hazards

great lakes presentation

This webinar will review funding available under the Building Resilient Infrastructure and Communities (BRIC) pre-disaster mitigation program. FEMA has released a funding announcement for $500 million for mitigation projects and capability and capacity-building activities, with applications due Jan. 29, 2021.

Technical experts will review requirements under the BRIC program and how to develop strong proposals. The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative will discuss options for supporting its member cities in developing proposals to submit for funding under the BRIC program.

Asian Carp – A Danger to the Great Lakes (English)

October 22, 2020 View Webinar View Presentations

Four species of Asian Carp threaten the health of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence ecosystem and its fisheries. Asian Carp were imported to North America for aquaculture and have since escaped into the Mississippi, Illinois, and other rivers due to flooding. For 20 years the Asian Carp have made their way to the edge of the Great Lakes, destroying habitats and denuding our fish population threatening a $5.8 trillion regional economy, including the $7 billion commercial, recreational and tribal fisheries.

The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative has consistently emphasized the danger of Asian Carp and called for urgent action to address the threat. Delays in taking action have allowed for the threat to consistently increase the dangers to our region. Come to our lunchtime webinar to find out the status of our efforts.

That Green Stuff on the Great Lakes: Algae (Cladophora) Bloom  (English)

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The Great Lakes are battling an algae outbreak. Algae have always existed in the Lakes but there has recently been a resurgence of nuisance species (Cladophora). The growth of Cladophora increases significantly during the summer months suggesting that warmer temperatures encourage its growth. Come to our lunchtime webinar and get an update on the situation facing our water basin.


September 26, 2018 @ 11:00 am central/noon eastern Presented by GEI Consultants

Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative members have to do more with less in an age of increased flooding, budget cuts, and pressure to attract jobs while reinvesting in open space and other assets for a vibrant quality of life. The first webinar in the Cities Initiative’s 2018-2019 series will be Primed Places = Prime Places, presented by experts at GEI Consultants Ltd, to provide municipal leaders with a method for tackling these and other stresses by building community resilience through green infrastructure and similar approaches.


October 24, 2018 @ 11:00 am central/noon eastern Presented by the Great Lakes Commission and Credit Valley Conservation Authority

Local communities are generally at the forefront of stormwater management, challenges, and innovation, but municipalities’ capacity to develop green infrastructure (GI) is heavily influenced by federal, state, and provincial policy. This webinar will summarize federal, state, and provincial policies in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence basin that promote or hinder GI and provide recommendations to create enabling conditions for communities to implement GI.


November 14, 2018 @ 11:00 am central/noon eastern Presented by the Delta Institute

Experts at the Delta Institute, a nonprofit aimed at collaborating with communities to address environmental issues, will speak on green infrastructure related resources and tools that can be used in resource-strapped communities interested in taking steps on adaptation. Delta Institute will provide examples from their work in Gary, Hobart and Michigan City.


Thursday, February 21 2019 @11:00 am central/noon eastern In partnership with the Mayors Innovation Project

The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative and the Mayors Innovation Project are hosting a webinar to provide an overview of financing needs and existing/emerging options for water and stormwater infrastructure for municipalities. Over the last four decades, financing of water infrastructure has drastically changed so far as the source of the money: from primarily federal funding to primarily local and state funding. Especially in light of climate related meteorological changes, the investment gap between what is needed and what is available, continues to grow. To find out more and view the presenters, click register now.

This webinar has already passed, watch the video recording . See below for the panelist presentations.

  • Sanjiv Sinha , VP – ECT and Director – P3GreatLakes.org Presentation: Financing Climate Resilient Water Infrastructure
  • Eric Letsinger, CEO – Quantified Ventures Environmental Impact Bonds
  • Cherian George , Managing Director – Fitch Ratings and Member – Forbes’ National Infrastructure Council Financing Infrastructure in the 21 st Century

Keynote Speaker 1: Dan Egan

Dan Egan , Fellow, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, School of Freshwater Sciences Watch here the video of Dan Egan in conversation with Dave Ullrich.

Panel 1: Resilience Solutions for Flooding and Extreme Weather

John Dickert , Former Mayor of Racine and President/CEO of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative. 1. John Dickert Presentation

Bill Schleizer , President and CEO of Delta Institute 2. Bill Schleizer Presentation

Claudia Verno , Director of Policy, Insurance Bureau of Canada 3. Claudia Verno Presentation

Panel 2: Municipal Liability Related to Extreme Weather

Teresa Chan , Senior Attorney, Environmental Law Institute 1. Teresa Chan Presentation

Brian Kelly , Manager of Sustainability, Region of Durham 2. Brian Kelly Presentation

Panel 3: Coastal Resilience Solutions for Shoreline Municipalities

Mayor Marc Parent , Mayor of Rimouski 1. Marc Parent Presentation

Julie Kinzelman , Research Scientist, City of Racine 2. Julie Kinzelman Presentation

Mike Donahue , Vice President of Water Resources and Environmental Services, AECOM 3. Mike Donahue Presentation

Cameron Davis and Peter Ventin

Cameron Davis and Peter Ventin , Vice Presidents, GEI Consultants

To view this presentation, please contact Jane Eagleton at [email protected] .

Panel 4: Tech Solutions for Climate Resilience

Lance Watkins , Science Systems and Applications, Inc. NASA DEVELOP Center Lead 1. Lance Watkins Presentation

Loch McCabe , Founder, Energy Emissions Intelligence, LLC, and project team member of the American Water Works Association Water Utility for Energy Change 2. Loch McCabe Presentation

City to City Partnerships Panel

  • Mayor Serge Peloquin, City of Sorel-Tracy, Quebec
  • Deputy Mayor Jarkko Virtanen, City of Turku, Finland and the Union of Baltic Cities

Public Private Partnerships Panel

  • Steven Hobbs, Canadian Council for Public Private Partnerships
  • Pierre J. Hamel,  INRS Urbanisation

Keynote: Pierre Beland

Special Session: Great Lakes Restoration Initiative

  • Mayor Mike Vandersteen, City of Sheboygan, Wisconsin
  • Video: Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Success Stories

Partnerships to Address Climate Change Panel

  • Deputy Mayor Michelle Morin-Doyle, Quebec Metropolitan Community
  • Kimberly Hill-Knott, Detroit Climate Action Collaborative
  • Cindy Toth, Town of Oakville, Ontario
  • Roger Lachance, City of Montreal, Quebec

Special Presentation: Sustainable Municipal Water Management in Montreal, Burough Mayor Chantal Rouleau

Intergovernmental Partnerships Panel

  • Mayor Denis Lapointe, Salaberry-de-Valleyfield

Special Presentation: NASA-DEVELOP Program

  • Jenna Williams, NASA-DEVELOP

Click here for webinar slide deck.

View recording of webinar below:

Playlist: All 2016 Keynotes and Panels

Panel 1: Safe Drinking Water in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Basin

  • Tom Neltner, Environmental Defense Fund
  • Chantal Morissette, City of Montréal
  • Paul Froese, Ministry of the Environment and Climate Change Ontario

Special Presentation: Climate Change and Coral Reefs,   Doon McColl, Churchill Fellow

Panel 2: Climate Change Adaptation, Mitigation and Innovation

  • Megan Meaney, ICLEI Canada
  • Paul J. Spicer, WEC Energy Group
  • Fernando Carou, City of Toronto

Panel 3: Lake Erie Algae Updates, Programs and Impacts on Municipalities

  • Karl Gebhardt, Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
  • Don McCabe, Ontario Federation of Agriculture
  • Molly Flanagan, Alliance for the Great Lakes

Panel 4: Municipal Green Urbanism and Sustainability Initiatives

  • Jill Jedlicka, Buffalo Niagara Riverkeeper
  • Councillor Jim Tovey, City of Mississauga
  • Deputy Mayor Michelle Morin-Doyle, Québec Metropolitan Community

Great Lakes Ecological Forecasting – Phragmites Habitat: Sean McCartney, NASA Develop National Program

Panel 5: Control Solutions for Phragmites

  • Dr. Janice Gilbert, Ontario Phragmites Working Group
  • Nancy Vidler, Lambton Shores Phragmites Community Group
  • Heather Braun, Great Lakes Commission/Great Lakes Phragmites Collaborative
  • John Jackson, Greater Lakes Project
  • Bill Christiansen, AWE
  • Jim Ridgway, ECT

  • Melissa Soline, Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative

  • Rebecca Kihslinger, Environmental Law Institute
  • David Salvesen, University of North Carolina
  • Jim Ridgway, ECT Inc.
  • Becky Pearson, Great Lakes Commission

Nutrient Action Collaborative: Solutions to Protect Drinking Water

  • Dr. Harvey Bootsma (University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee)
  • Mayor Jim Ginn (Central Huron, ON)
  • Bill Creal (Michigan Department of Environmental Quality)
  • Elin Betanzo (Northeast-Midwest Institute)

Oil Transportation in the Great Lakes Region

  • Recording: Oil Transportation https://glslcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Oil-Transport_edited_Th.mp3
  • Patrick Smyth (Vice President for Safety, Canadian Energy Pipeline Association)
  • Normand Pellerin (Canadian National Railways)
  • Robert Lewis-Manning (President, Canadian Shipowners Association)

Shoreline Restoration and Economic Activity: Challenges and Opportunities

  • Recording: Shoreline Restoration https://glslcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Afternoon-Thursday-2_edited_ShorelineRestoration.mp3
  • Andre Morin (City Engineer, City of Sarnia, ON)
  • Mayor Chantal Rouleau (Borough of Rivière-des-Prairies Pointe-aux-Trembles, City of Montreal)
  • Mayor Mike Vandersteen (City of Sheboygan, WI)

Cities Initiative in the Community: Pilot Projects

  • Recording: Pilot Projects https://glslcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Thurs-Pilot-Projects.wav
  • Gary, Indiana: Sensitive Sites and Infrastructure Protocol (Brenda Scott-Henry, Director of Green Urbanism, City of Gary)
  • Hamilton, Ontario: RBC Blue Water Project (Dr. Nahed Ghbn, Senior Project Manager, City of Hamilton)
  • Thunder Bay, Ontario: RBC Blue Water Project (Brad Doff, Sustainability Coordinator, City of Thunder Bay)

Cities Initiative in the Community: Student Project Presentations

  • Recording: Student Project Presentations https://glslcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/NASA-and-UMich_Friday.mp3
  • NASA DEVELOP Program: Georgian Bay Wetland Mapping (Emily Adams, Project Leader, NASA-DEVELOP)
  • University of Michigan: Climate Ready Cities (Alexandra Brewer and Samuel Molnar, Climate Ready Cities Team, University of Michigan)


  • Dr. John Hartig: Refuge Manager, Detroit International Wildlife Refuge https://glslcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Thurs-John-Hartig-all.mp3
  • Blue Economy Presentation: Tim Eder and Stephen Cole, Great Lakes Commission   https://glslcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Blue-Accounting_edited_Th.mp3
  • Lynn Rosales, Aamjiwnaang First Nation (Recording Only) https://glslcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Lynn-Rosales_Friday.mp3
  • Douglas George, Consul General of Canada in Detroit (Recording Only) https://glslcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Douglas-George_Friday.mp3
  • Highland Park, Illinois: 2014 Wege Award Recipient (Dr. Mark Nolan-Hill) https://glslcities.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Dr.Hill_Friday.mp3
  • Climate Adaption in Thunder Bay: by Nicola Crawhall
  • NASA DEVELOP National Program: by Jamie Favors
  • Great Lakes Plastic Pollution: by Dr. Sherri “Sam” Mason
  • Harmful and Nuisance Algal Blooms in Lake Erie: by Michael Goffin
  • Municipal Adaptation and Resiliency – Cities at the Forefront: by Heather Stirratt
  • Municipal Adaptation and Resiliency Service
  • Oil Transportation Risks and Emergency Response Problems: by Ali Asgary
  • Pipeline Performance Building Trust and Raising the Bar: by Jim Donihee
  • Pipelines and Oil Transportation in the Great Lakes: by the National Wildlife Federation
  • Predicting Weather: by Amy Freeze
  • Prehistory of the Great Lakes Region: by Ross
  • Preparing the Great Lakes Region for Impacts of Climate Change: by Joel Scheraga
  • Sustainable Municipal Water Management Public Reporting: by Tom Barrett
  • There Goes the Neighborhood Recent History of the Upper Great Lakes: by Dr. Scott Hamilton
  • Toward Sustainable Municipal Water Management: City of Montreal’s Report (English)
  • Building Sustainable Economies: by Dennis West
  • Climate Change Challenges Sustainable Energy Strategies: by Rich Vander Veen
  • Climate Change Impacts on the Great Lakes St. Lawrence Region: by John Lenters
  • Superior Watershed Partnership and Land Trust – Community Environmental Monitoring Program: by Jerry Maynard
  • Mining and Great Lakes Communities: by Mike Ripely
  • Mining in the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Region: by Steve Kesler
  • Quebec Mayors Take Action: by Michelle Morin-Doyle
  • Rio Tinto’s Eagle Mine: by Johnson
  • Shoreline Mayors Take Action Low Water Levels: by Sandra Cooper
  • Superior Watershed Partnership Land Trust: by Carl Lindquist
  • Taking Action in Huron County Ontario Water Quality: by Mayor Deb Shewfelt
  • The Economy and Sustainable Water: by Plastrik
  • Thunder Bay Flood Disaster: Mayor Keith Hobbs
  • Green Marine a Model for Collaboration: by David Bolduc  (English) and  Green Marine a Model for Collaboration (French)
  • Auditing the Aquaresponsibility of a Municipality: by Peter Vanrolleghem
  • International Joint Commission Presentation: by Commissioner Dereth Glance
  • Lake Erie re-Eutrophication: by Don Scavia
  • Port of Quebec Looking Towards the Future (English): by Mario Girard  and  Port of Quebec Looking Towards the Future (French)
  • Shoreline Communities and Marine Activities (French): by Nicole Trepanier  and  Shoreline Communities and the Marine Activities Challenges and Opportunities (English)
  • Smarter Planet Smarter Cities: by Jean Francois Barsoum
  • St. Lawrence Action Plan (English): by Larochelle Morel  and  St. Lawrence Action Plan (French)
  • Canadian Readiness and Response to Oil Spills from Vessels: Scott Vaughan and Jim McKenzie
  • Assessing Climate Change Risk to Stormwater and Wastewater Infrastructure: by Ben Harding and Peter Nimmrichter
  • Green Returns on Blue Investments, Investment in the Grand River: by Mayor George Heartwell
  • Integration of DNA Diagnostics to Improve Water Quality: by Herb Schellhorn
  • Marcellus Shale Gas Overview: by Kelly Burch
  • Marine Prevention, Preparedness and Response Federal Mandates Canada: by Wade Spurrell
  • Niagara 10 Cross Border Cities in Action
  • Opportunities to Promote Innovative Stormwater Management: by Bulman
  • Shale Gas – the Quebec Situation: by Normand Mosseau
  • State of the Great Lakes Coasts: by John Marsden
  • Talisman Shale Gas Overview: Hope Deveau-Henderson
  • Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Tourism – Expanding the Territory: David Belgue
  • Asian Carp Control in the Great Lakes: John Rogner
  • Experiences from Union of Baltic Cities: by Jarkko Virtanen
  • Canada Ontario Agreement: by Mayor Brian McMullan
  • Elements of an Invasive Species Strategy: by John Carey
  • Protecting and Restoring the Waters Montreal: by Helen Fotopulos
  • Working Together to Improve Beaches and Coasts: by Mayor John Dickert
  • Waterfront Trail Ontario: by Marlaine Koehler

Frozen Pipes Teleconference: Thursday, May 27th, 2015

  • Kerri Marshall, City of Thunder Bay, and Paul Clements, City of Toronto, provided information about how their cities responded to the increase in calls about frozen water pipes during Winter 2015. A discussion among attendees followed.
  • Presentations begin at 5:22

Additional Frozen Pipes Resources:

  • Region of Peel
  • City of Toronto
  • Helen Domske, NY Sea Grant
  • Mari Martz, Pennsylvania Sea Grant
  • Robin Goettel, Terri Hallesy, Laura Kammin, Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant
  • Robin Goettel, Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant
  • Terri Hallesy, Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant
  • Anna McCartney, Pennsylvania Sea Grant
  • Mary Ann Dickinson, Great Lakes St. Lawrence Cities Initiative
  • Mayor Richard Daley, City of Chicago
  • Janet Attarian, Project Director Streetscape and Sustainable Design Program
  • Judy Crane, Environmental Analysis and Outcomes Division Minnesota Pollution Control Agency St. Paul, MN
  • Checklist for Municipalities to Develop Restrictions on Coal-Tar Based Sealcoat
  • Geri Unger, Director of Education and Research Cleveland Botanical Garden
  • Sandra Albro, Research Manager Cleveland Botanical Garden
  • Hal Sprague, Senior Policy Associate Natural Resources, Center for Neighborhood Technology
  • Nicola Crawhall, Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Cities Initiative
  • Carrie Rivette
  • MARS Training Overview
  • Module 1: Climate Change and Adaptation in the Great Lakes  (January 22, 2014)
  • Ashlee Grace, Project Manager, Great Lakes Adaptation Assessment for Cities
  • Module 1B: Climate Adaptation Fundamentals and Models
  • Module 2:  Legal and Financial Implications of Climate Change  (February 6, 2014)
  • Jennifer M. Klein, Associate Director and Fellow, Sabin Center for Climate Change Law – Columbia Law School
  • Dr. Susan Cutter, Department of Geography, University of South Carolina
  • Module 4: Social Vulnerability
  • Module 5: Water Systems
  • Karen L. Sands, AICP, Manager of Sustainability Milwaukee Metropolitan Sewerage District
  • David MacLeod, City of Toronto Environment and Energy Division
  • Module 6: Infrastructure Networks
  • Vesna Stevanovic-Briatico, City of Toronto Transportation Services Division
  • Module 7: Ports and Shoreline Management
  • Katie Kahl, PhD, The Nature Conservancy
  • Module 1: Introduction to Climate Change Adaptation
  • Module 2: Using the MARS Portal
  • Module 3: Legal/Financial Implications of Climate Change
  • Laura Zizzo, Zizzo Allan
  • Kevin Behan
  • David MacLeod, City of Toronto Environment and Energy Division
  • Module 5: Municipal Buildings and Land Use Planning
  • Module 6: Vulnerable Populations
  • Module 7: Urban Natural Systems
  • Module 8: Wastewater Stormwater Infrastructure
  • Module 9: Communicating and Collaborating around Climate Change Adaptation
  • Ma Ville Ma Vie Alliance Ville et Grands Lacs 

Great Lakes Commission

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HABs Collaborative

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IAGLR's 67th Annual Conference on Great Lakes Research May 20–24, 2024 Shared Lakes: One Water, One Health

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View of the Detroit River with Windsor at left and Detroit to the right. Courtesy of Curt Clayton, Clayton Studio .

Join us in Windsor, Ontario!

Researchers from around the world will gather in Windsor for the 67th Annual Conference on Great Lakes Research—the fifth time we've gathered in this central location along the Detroit River , or  Waawiyaataanong Ziibi , known as "where the river bends" in Anishnaabemowin. A great program is in store with four days of scientific sessions and speakers centered around our theme Shared Lakes: One Water, One Health . This focus will offer a unique opportunity for both the science and local communities to share about the health of the Great Lakes and will highlight the intersections between environmental and public health in the context of large lakes, often shared across borders, and the communities impacted by them.

Mark your calendars for May 20–24, 2024. You won't want to miss it!

Plenary Speakers

Palencia Mobley, P.E.

March 1: Registration opens

March 4: Information deadline for visa application assistance (see Registration page for details)

April 24: Student Travel Award applications due. First come, first served.

Conference: May 20–24, 2024

Sponsorships, Exhibits & Ads

Learn how you can promote your organization or sponsor the premier Great Lakes research conference!

Place an Ad

Download the IAGLR 2024 Prospectus for details.

Stay connected on social media at #IAGLR24

University of Windsor Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research

Thank you to our Sponsors

Iaglr 2024 will be a great time to connect.

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sponsor IAGLR 2024 or exhibit at the conference.--> Download the IAGLR 2024 Prospectus for details.

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Great Lakes Literacy education exploration (GLLee)

Great Lakes Literacy Education Exploration logo with green "GLL", blue "ee" and a seagull icon inbetween the GLL and the ee.

What is a GLLee?

  • Free, asynchronous short course that can be accessed virtually anytime
  • Google Classroom modules designed for educators to support youth engagement
  • Great Lakes focused issues and/or topics, career explorations with scientists, classroom resources, stewardship and hands-on learning opportunities
  • Connections with other educators in a virtual community of practice

Educators receive a certificate representing three contact hours of study after completing a GLLee course along with a digital notebook with all the resources from the module.

Want to participate in a GLLee?

CGLL programs are open to all, but registration is required for educators to gain access to each Google Classroom and connected content.

Please note you will need to use a personal Gmail address (i.e. not your school address) to access course materials. 

For any questions, accessibility concerns or issues with this virtual resource, please contact [email protected] .

Aquatic Invasive Species

  • Who? Best suited for educators who work with students in grades 4-12
  • What? Aquatic invasive species are nonindigenous species that have a negative environmental, social, or economic impact on the Great Lakes region.
  • Driving Question? How do invasive species impact the Great Lakes and what can we do to help reduce their impacts on native ecosystems?
  • Register for Aquatic Invasive Species GLLee

Climate Literacy

  • What? Climate Science Literacy is an understanding of your influence on climate and climate’s influence on you and society.
  • Driving Question? How does climate impact Great Lakes communities and ecosystems?
  • Register for the Climate Literacy GLLee

Coastal Erosion

  • Who? Best suited for educators who work with students in grades 6-12
  • What? Coastal erosion is the process by which strong wave action and coastal flooding wear down or carry away rocks, soils, and sands along the coast.
  • Driving Question? How does coastal erosion shape the shorelines of the Great Lakes and impact our ecosystems and communities?
  • Register for Coastal Erosion GLLee

Marine Debris

  • What? Marine debris is any human-made material that can end up – on purpose or by accident – in our rivers, ocean, and Great Lakes.
  • Driving Question? How does marine debris impact our Great Lakes and animals (including humans) and plants that depend on this freshwater resource?
  • Register for Marine Debris GLLee

Urban Water Cycle

  • What? Urban (human) water cycle is a series of processes and paths that water takes as it is used by a community, including stages of collection, transportation, storage, purification, distribution and delivery, and return to natural bodies of water.
  • Driving Question? How do people access clean, fresh water, and what happens to the water after its use?
  • Register for Urban Water Cycle GLLee

Vernal Pools

  • What? Vernal pools are “wicked big puddles” and ecologically serve as the “coral reefs of our northern forest ecosystems.”
  • Driving Question? How do vernal pools (seasonal woodland wetlands) benefit the Great Lakes region?
  • Register for Vernal Pools GLLee


Door County Pulse

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Notable Women of the Great Lakes Presentation

By Door County Pulse , Peninsula Pulse – January 27th, 2022

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Victoria Brehm , author of Great Lakes maritime and Native literature, will present “Notable Women of History around the Great Lakes” during the next installment of the Door County Maritime Museum’s Maritime Speaker Series : a virtual presentation set for Feb. 3 , 7 pm. 

Brehm’s books include The Women’s Great Lakes Reader , Star Songs and Water Spirits and White Squall: Sailing the Great Lakes . There is no cost to watch the presentation, but series organizers suggest that viewers donate nonperishable food items to a local food pantry instead.Find out more and register for the online presentation at dcmm.org/maritime-speaker-series.

Maritime Speaker Series

Related Organizations

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Door County Maritime Museum

Related Articles

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Great Lakes/Great Books Club Meets Dec. 7

Great Lakes/Great Books Club Resumes in September

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Vampire of the Sea: Without sea lamprey controls, the Great Lakes would not be so great

2019-20 Great Lakes/Great Books Selections


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Mapping the Great Lakes: Proposed legislation would fund lakebed exploration

A proposed bill in the US House would provide funding to map the lakebeds of the Great Lakes, the world's largest freshwater system.

The legislation would direct the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to conduct high-resolution bathymetric mapping of the lakebeds of the Great Lakes and authorize $200 million in appropriations.

Currently stalled in committee, the bipartisan Great Lakes Mapping Act was introduced by Michigan Reps. Lisa McClain and Debbie Dingell in mid-January. The bill is cosponsored by a total of 18 lawmakers representing Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, New York, Ohio and Illinois.

“Investing in comprehensive Great Lakes exploration will offer Michigan and the U.S. an enhanced look at what these bodies of water offer and bring forth a new chapter of success and prosperity to the Great Lakes economy and beyond," McClain said in a release.

Bathymetric maps show a water body's depth and underwater features. They're similar in appearance to topographic maps, which show elevation and various features on land. Today, only about 10 to 15% of the Great Lakes have been mapped in high resolution.

"We haven't really ever explored them fully, in high resolution," said Tim Kearns, chief information officer for the Great Lakes Observing System, or GLOS. "It would give us the means to fully survey the Great Lakes using sonar technologies in high resolution on both sides of the border."

Based in Ann Arbor, GLOS is one of 11 regional offices that make up the NOAA-funded Integrated Ocean Observing System. NOAA would work with consulting bodies and regional coastal observing systems to map the lakebeds an make all data available to the public.

"We don't have many areas that are truly unexplored anymore, this is the final frontier for underwater mapping in the United States, and in North America for that matter," Kearns said. "We're looking forward to being able to not only document it, but understand what's down there and make new discoveries."

Lakebed data would be collected by various government and private vessels, crewed and uncrewed, outfitted with sonar scanning technology. The last time the Great Lakes were explored using sonar was in the 1950s, 60s and 70s, but the resolution was much lower than what is possible today.

Decades old low-resolution data has spacing about 500 meters between points. Modern high-density sonar data allows for the visualization of objects as small as pipelines, cables, shipwrecks, and boulders.

The lake floor is a dynamic, changing environment, which has implications for underwater infrastructure. "Being able to understand and see the detail of these pipelines and cables and other things that are down there, whether they be cars, or shipwrecks or plane crashes is really important for being able to document and protect them," Kearns said. 

According to Kearns, a report by GLOS found the task of mapping the Great Lakes lakebed could be accomplished in approximately 8 years with proper funding.

The Great Lakes generate a GDP of $6 trillion and supports over 51 million jobs. As a critical shipping lifeline, it's estimated 200 million tons of cargo is shipped through the Great Lakes every year.

The effort to explore the bottoms of the Great Lakes has been in the works for several years. GLOS has been instrumental in the Lakebed 2030 initiative, a coalition of researchers, government entities, private individuals and organizations with the shared goal of mapping and exploring the bottom of the Great Lakes.

GLOS has partnered with Orange Force Marine to help develop a system of crowd sourcing bathymetry data as well. Data loggers can be attached to even a basic fish finder, which is then sent to GLOS to compile and access.

The House is in recess until Feb. 28, 2024. As of now the Great Lakes Mapping Act is still awaiting discussion in committee. The bill can be viewed in its entirety via Congress.gov.

Mapping the Great Lakes: Proposed legislation would fund lakebed exploration

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Nearshore and open waters provide drinking water for municipalities and habitat for numerous species of birds, fish, and other aquatic life. This is the area in which most residents and visitors experience the Great Lakes through swimming, boating, and other forms of recreation. Nearshore water quality has become degraded, as evidenced by eutrophication—the process by which a water body is enriched by nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus, resulting in excessive growth of algae, depletion of the dissolved oxygen that aquatic species need to survive, beach closings, and other impacts. GLRI is supporting efforts to promote nearshore health. As part of this effort, USGS is evaluating best management practices, monitoring nutrient and sediment loadings and increasing the scientific understanding of the link between nutrients and HABs, to help managers make better informed decisions. 

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New interactive tool to protect Great Lakes Biinaagami showcased at the 2024 Land and Resources Forum

By Kelly Anne Smith

NORTH BAY— All of the Great Lakes have seen declining levels as a result of dry weather, evaporation, and runoff throughout the fall. Lake Superior and Lake Ontario experienced large declining monthly water levels for November.

Now a new interactive multimedia educational tool is being perfected to teach school children about the importance of the Great Lakes and how it is everyone’s responsibility to protect the water.

Biinaagami: Our Shared Responsibility to the Great Lakes was unveiled at the Anishinabek Nation’s 8th Land and Resources Forum, Kina-Gego-Naabadosin – Everything is Connected, in North Bay from February 13-15.

The Anishinabek Nation Commissioner on Governance Patrick Wadaseh Madahbee and Director of Special Projects for Canadian Geographic Meredith Brown presented the concept and process of Biinaagami: Our Shared Responsibility to The Great Lakes. Volunteer-led group, Swim Drink Fish, is also a partner in this project.

Madahbee talked of the beginnings of the Great Lakes Guardian Council when he was Anishinabek Nation Grand Council Chief.

“I was the co-chair of the Great Lakes Guardian Council with Glen Murray, the Minister of the Environment and Climate Change for the province. The initiatives to protect the Great Lakes culminated in a session we had with Josephine Mandamin-baa…talking about the important role of water, water’s living spirit, and of course, the important role that our women play as the water keepers.”

At the time, Madahbee was introduced to Mark Mattson, the founder of Swim Drink Fish, who focuses on keeping water swimable, drinkable, and fishable, as well as The Royal Canadian Geographic Society. Now they all work together on Biinaagami.

Madahbee spoke about Anishinabek Nation Language Commissioner Barbara Nolan of Garden River First Nation and Language Keeper Donna Debassige of Wiikwemkoong First Nation naming the project. Biinaagami in Anishinaabemowin translates to clean, pure water. The women are featured in a Water Ceremony in a Biinaagami video. Madahbee says “our language is so descriptive, it comes with teachings and lessons.”

“The education component is really exciting! We’re going to be going into schools to talk about water, but we are going to be engaging with this concept of shared responsibility of creating engagements and alliances with different people, whether it’s individuals, companies, industry, and different levels of government to really ensure this precious resource—we have over 20 per cent of the world’s fresh water in this area of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Basin—and how important that is to keep this water pure and pristine.”

During their presentation, a huge map of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Basin was laid out in the conference room for participants to explore through augmented reality. Participants were able to take in experiential learning by scanning a QR code with their phones for interactive 3D visuals and inclusive storytelling to appear.

“It’s a chance for us to put down our names— Haudenosaunee, Anishinaabe, and Inuit names— and Indigenous groups that are around the water bodies, the real names of those water bodies. Because a lot of the names of the water bodies are not the real names of those places. But also, as well for people to tell their stories about their water body.”

Meredith Brown says the project aims to help people understand that there are over 200 sovereign First Nations in the watershed.

“That is something that is news to a lot of non-Indigenous people,” she added.

Brown described what will be seen on the enormous Biinaagami map.

“You’ll see all the different Original People’s languages embedded into the map. You’ll see the names of your communities on the map. We’re working on putting placenames on the map…A big part is to really help kind of change the frame of how people think about water to the way all of you think about water as a relation as a living being…What we really hope is that when people are making decisions, whether they are individual decisions, government decisions, they put the health of the Great Lakes watershed in that decision-making.”

As participants gathered on the Biinaagami map to view their community’s waterbodies, Patrick Mahdahbee talked about the warm winter season we are experiencing.

“This one in particular is very warm. It’s probably the first of many, many changes we are going to see with climate change happening. And it’s ironic that so many people don’t think climate change is real. You hear that nonsense south of the border where guy’s like Trump discredit anybody talking about climate change. But open their eyes, it’s happening. Water levels are changing. Temperatures are changing, snow fall levels. Mother Nature is fighting back to a large extent as well. I mean, that’s why there are so many forest fires. You see drought. You see flooding. Every kind of possible scenario is happening because I think again, Mother Earth has a way of balancing things out over time.”

Mahdabee talked about having the Biinaagami: Our Shared Responsibility to The Great Lakes touring schools this coming fall.

“Why it’s really important to get information into the schools is that they’re the future lawyers. They’re the future politicians. They’re the future policy makers and technical people and experts that are going to be the new generation that’s going to make decisions about what’s going to happen. That’s why it’s so important to talk to them.”

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great lakes presentation

Moscow parks – leisure, nature and historical

Moscow is the most green megapolis in the world. There are over a hundred parks and green spaces like gardens, squares and boulevards. You will definitely bump into a few of them wherever you go. Whether you are interested in memorial, historic parks, parks of wildlife or you just want to have a calm break from the speedy city life – city parks have something special for everyone.

Moscow leisure parks

The leisure Moscow parks are undoubtedly the most popular and famous with the locals and travelers. Today such parks provide a great number of exciting entertainments for Muscovites and city guests, adults and children.

The Gorky Park

The Gorky Park

Gorky Park opened in 1928 and was the first holiday park in the Soviet Union with playgrounds, a sports stadium, exhibition halls and attractions for kids. Today it has a fresh, vibrant appearance. The park features bike rental stations, a comfortable business area with Wi-Fi, an outdoor movie theatre and a greenhouse where you can buy fresh greens such as basil and lettuce. To contemplate the sky and the stars, go to the observatory and look through the telescope while listening to fascinating stories from astronomers. Enjoy many sports in the park: volleyball, handball, football or a peaceful jog around the beautiful surroundings.

Zaryadye Park

Zaryadye Park

Opened in September 2017, Zaryadye is the youngest on our list. Located just a few minutes away from Red Square, it includes various activities like the floating bridge with its thin V-form extension, an ice cave, also concert hall and an amphitheater. The entire territory of the park was divided into four zones of Russia: forest, steppe, tundra, and the floodplains.

Neskuchny Sad

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By walking along the Moskva River’s bank from the Gorky Park towards Vorobievy Gory (Sparrow Hills) you’ll reach Neskuchny Sad («Not Boring» garden), a wonderful place in the Moscow center, one of Moscow’s oldest parks, charming slice of wildlife. The park mostly consists of pristine forest, dotted with old summer pavilions, ponds and quaint little stone bridges. There are a lot of opportunities for different activities lots of children playground, a ping-pong and chess clubs, football fields and tennis courts, horse riding, tree climbing and having rest in one of the nice cafes.

Museon Park

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Hermitage Garden

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Hermitage Garden has always been known as an amusement, entertainment center with theatres, shows, cafes, summer pavilions, pergolas since 1830. Shalyapin, Sobinov, Nezhdanova – great Russian opera singers starred on the garden stage. Famous Russian composer Rakhmaninov conducted the orchestra. Sara Bernar, Maria Yermolova, outstanding actresses, played in the open air performances. Tolstoy and Lenin had a stroll in the garden. So lots of celebrities from different epoques liked it a lot and spent their time in Hermitage Garden. You can find here three theatres in the garden: Hermitage, Sphere and New Opera. During winter an ice rink works here and in summer a musical stage is assembled to host jazz and brass band festivals.

great lakes presentation

In Sokolniki Park visitors can play billiard, chess or draughts, table tennis, as well as go cycling, roller blading and swimming in the summer and ice skating or skiing in winter. Each season is highlighted by special memorable and bright events, for example, Summer Jazz Festival or Baby Fest (for future mums), open air beach disco parties, Ice Cream Day, International Clown Festival and many other shows and exhibitions. The park has an observatory, kids center and a co-working zone with free Wi-Fi which is really nice for spending high quality work time there.

great lakes presentation

Moscow nature parks

The nature parks are national reserves with the amazing forestry and incredible variety of animals and plants there. The breath of wildlife and the chance to be closer to the virgin nature excites both children and grownups. Hundreds of different species of animals can be found in Moscow nature parks. The richest woodlands with old and even ancient trees, like a 200 years pine-tree in the Elk Island National Nature Park, are the point of passionate interest for visitors.

Aptekarsky Ogorod

Aptekarsky Ogorod (Apothecary Garden)

Aptekarsky Ogorod (Apothecary Garden)

Aptekarsky Ogorod (Apothecary Garden) is one of the oldest gardens in Moscow. It was founded in the XVIII century by Peter the First (great Russian emperor). A larch that he planted himself still grows in the garden, so it’s more than 250 years old. At the time of its foundation, it was a garden with herbs and medicinal plants and was used as an educational center for doctors. Today there are the orangery with its tropical palms, the carp pond, and the immense trees that dot the landscape and turn wonderful golden shades in the autumn. Several restaurants and cafes work here making it a very nice spot for relaxation no matter what season it is. You can book a special tour or join the guided excursion group.

Losiny Ostrov

Losiny Ostrov (Elk Island Park)

Losiny Ostrov (Elk Island Park)

Losiny Ostrov (Elk Island Park) is located at the north of Moscow. It covers 22 km from the west to the east and 10 km from the north to the south and it’s one of the most beautiful national parks in Moscow. Two rivers, Yausa and Pechorka begin here. You can find lots of fields, ponds, meadows, streams in the park as well as elks. Here you can enjoy guided tours, available in English. You can choose a guided tour about flora and fauna of the area, you’ll learn why elks are there, which animals are their neighbors. Or enjoy another excursion, which is totally devoted to historical past of ancient tribes once lived there, you’ll know about old Russian mythology, rituals and traditions.

Serebyany Bor

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Serebyany Bor (Silver Forest)

Serebyany Bor (Silver Forest) is a famous pine forest in the west of Moscow. The park has 230 forms of plant life, and is also home to watersports complex, providing a lot of activities for visitors. The layout of Serebryany Bor is unusual, as it is located on an artificial island between a meander in the Moscow River and a channel. There is an artificial lake, the Deep Gulf and picturesque Bezdonnoe (Bottomless) Lake in the depths of the forest. Serebryany Bor’s beaches are the cleanest in the city and very popular among Muscovites. On weekends it is difficult to find a free spot here, especially because a whole range of services are offered to visitors, from simple deckchairs to catamaran and yacht rides. Driving is prohibited on the territory of the island so be ready to use trolleybus to reach the entrance.

Botanichesky Sad

Greenhouse of Botanical Garden

Greenhouse of Botanical Garden

Main Botanical Garden of The Russian Academy of Sciences is the largest and most famous is Moscow. The garden is a real museum of nature with a very rich (more than 18000 types) collection of plants. The park was founded in 1945 at the place of the 17th century Apothecaries’ Gardens. The garden’s collection is turned into botanical expositions, made with use of modern receptions of landscape architecture. Here you can see a tree nursery, a shadow garden, hothouse complex, collection of flowers, a rosary, exposition of coastal plants, garden of continuous blossoming, Japanese garden and expositions of cultural plants and natural flora plants. The biggest part of Garden is the Tree nursery occupying the space of 75 hectares. About 2 thousand wood plants grow here. Another big exposition of the Garden is nature Flora, divided into six botanic-geographical collections: European part of Russia, Caucuses, Central Asia, Siberia and Far East. Pride of the Main Botanical Garden is the collection of tropical, coastal and water plants, which is considered as the best in Europe. The Japanese garden, a great model of Japanese landscape gardening art has a 13-level stone pagoda of the 18th century, stone Japanese lamps, ponds, falls and streams, tea lodges and more than 100 species of the most character Japan plants. It is especially decorative in spring, during Oriental cherry blossoming and in fall, when foliage blazes in crimson colors.

Moscow historic parks

Historic nature parks and estates once were the mansions of the Moscow aristocracy. At that far times the estates were outside the Moscow city limits, but after the city expansion and urbanization, they became easily accessible.



Kolomenskoye Museum and Park

The chief attraction of the park is undoubtedly the stone Church of the Ascension of the Lord. It was constructed in 1532 by order of Tsar Vasily III to commemorate the birth of his son and heir, Ivan the Terrible. But there is a lot more to see in the park: the pretty Church of the Icon of Our Lady of Kazan – with its bright azure domes and plenty of gold. Further into the park there is a charming Church of the Beheading of St John the Baptist, built by Ivan the Terrible to mark his coronation.


Kuskovo Park

Kuskovo Park is one of the oldest country estates in Moscow. It was given to General Sheremetev by Peter the Great in 1715, but was left to fall into neglect before being plundered by Napoleon’s troops in 1812. Nowadays the estate has been restored to its former glory and is a good example of Russian 18th Century imperial architecture. The palace is a fine and rare example of wooden neoclassicism. It was completed in 1775, and the rich interiors remain unchanged since 1779. It includes a room hung with exclusive exquisite Flemish tapestries, an abundance of silk wallpaper and an impressive collection of 18th century European and Russian paintings. The palace looks onto the lake, which is surrounded by smaller pavilions: pretty Italian, Dutch and Swiss Cottages, Blank’s Hermitage and the old Orangery, where the State Ceramics Museum is located now, an extensive and absorbing collection of porcelain from the 18th century to the present day. On the other side of the lake is a large wood popular with local cyclists and joggers.

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A History of Moscow in 13 Dishes

Jun 06 2018.

War, hunger, and some of the world’s great doomed social experiments all changed the way that Moscow eats.

Moscow, the European metropolis on Asia’s western flank, has always been a canvas for competing cultures. Its cuisine is no different. The ancient baselines of winter grains, root vegetables, and cabbage acquired scaffolding from both directions: eastern horsemen brought meat on sticks, western craftsmen brought pastries, and courtly French chefs came and drowned it all in cream.

History has a place on the plate here, as well: war, hunger, and some of the world’s great doomed social experiments from Serfdom to Communism to Bandit Capitalism all changed the way that Moscow eats. So in the spirit of all of those grand failures, we—a Russian chef and an American writer—will attempt here to reduce the towering history of this unknowable city to 13 dishes, with some Imperial past but a special emphasis on the more recent decades of culinary paroxysms as Moscow emerged from its Soviet slumber.

Olivier Salad

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To visualize the long marriage between French and Russian cuisines, picture Peter the Great, on a diplomatic sojourn to Paris in 1717, a “ stranger to etiquette ”, meeting the 7-year-old boy-king Louis XV and lifting him in the air out of sheer elán. These things were simply not done, and yet, there they were. Peter’s joyful (and often envious) fascination with all things French took hold, among other places, in the kitchen. He brought French chefs back to his palaces, and then the lesser nobility followed suit, and when the first restaurants emerged in Moscow, they also spoke French. The Hermitage Restaurant, which was open from 1864 until history intervened in 1917, had a Francophone Belgian named Lucien Olivier as a chef, and he made a salad that was a perfectly unrestrained combination of French flavors and Russian ingredients: grouse! Veal tongue! Proto-mayonnaise! The ingredients now tend toward the pedestrian—boiled beef, dill pickles, various vegetables all bound with mayonnaise—and it has become a staple of Russian cuisine, especially on New Year’s. And yes, if you’ve ever seen the lonely Ensalada Rusa wilting behind the sneezeguard of a Spanish tapas bar, that is supposed to be a successor to the Olivier. But in Moscow, you should eat Matryoshka ’s version, which is not the original recipe but has some of that imperial richness: crayfish, quail, sturgeon caviar, and remoulade, all under a translucent aspic skirt, for 990₽ ($16).

There’s a type of expression around bottling things—bottled lightning, summer in a jar, etc.—that feels very apt here. What exactly is bottled with vareniye (jam)? A lot more than just fruit. These jams, which tend to be thinner than western varieties—with whole berries or fruit chunks in syrup—are bottled with a lot of Russian identity. There’s the Russian love of countryside. Deep dacha culture of summer cottages and personal orchards. Traditional naturopathy (raspberry vareniye taken with tea will fight fever). And above all, friendship is bottled here— vareniye made from the overabundance of fruit at one’s dacha is the most typical Russian gift, real sharing from real nature, even in the often-cynical heart of Europe’s largest megacity. Visitors who are short on lifelong friendships in Moscow can pick some up fine vareniye at any Lavka Lavka shop (we recommend the delicate young pine cone jam) or, curiously enough, at many Armenian stores.

Borodinsky Bread

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The clinical-sounding title of Lev Auerman’s 1935 classic Tekhnologiya Khlebopecheniya ( Bread Baking Technology) doesn’t promise scintillation. But Auerman’s recipe for rye bread changed Russian bread forever. An older legend had it that the bread was baked dark for mourning by a woman widowed in the battle of Borodino in 1812, but the real birth of the bread came from Auerman’s recipes. A modification on sweet, malted Baltic breads, Auerman’s Borodinsky bread was 100% rye and used caraway or anise. The recipe has evolved a bit—today it is 80% rye and 20% wheat high extraction flour and leans more on coriander than caraway. But its flavor profile (sweet, chewy) as well as its characteristic L7 mold —a deep brick of bread—has made it easily identifiable as the traditional, ubiquitous, every-occasion bread of Moscow. You can buy it everywhere, but the Azbuka Vkusa high-end markets have a reliably good sliced version.

Buckwheat Grechka

Look closely at those Russians who have followed their money to live in London, or are vacationing in Cyprus or Antalya. See the slight melancholy that not even cappuccinos or sunshine can erase. It’s not because Russians are gloomy by nature; it’s probably because there is no real grechka outside of Russia and Ukraine, and that is devastating. Buckwheat grain and groats— grechka (or grecha in Saint Petersburg)—are deep in the culture. It’s a wartime memory: May 9 Victory Day celebrations feature military kitchens serving buckwheat like they did at the front. It’s a little slice of Russian history that lies somewhere between oatmeal and couscous. In Moscow, eat it at Dr. Zhivago with milk (180₽/US$2.90) or mushrooms (590₽/US$9.50), and rejoice.

Mimoza Salad

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This fantastically expressive egg-and-canned-fish salad is a testament to Soviet ingenuity—it’s the ultimate puzzle to make a drastically limited food chain sparkle—and the universal human thrill of layering foods. The geological creation starts with a base layer of fish, then layers of grated cooked potato, mayonnaise, shredded cheese, grated carrots, sweet onion, diced egg whites and then capped with a brilliant yellow crumble of boiled egg yolk. It sits there on the plate, dazzling like the flowering mimosa tree it is named after. The taste? Well, it’s comfort food. Pick some up to go at any Karavaev Brothers location —the excellent deli chain sells it for 650₽ (US$10.40) a kilo.

It seems odd, almost impossible, to imagine a time in Russia before shashlik. It’s meat on a stick, something that all humans should have had on the menu since at least the time of Prometheus. But shashlik as we know it know—cubes of marinated meat cooked with vegetables over a mangal grill—didn’t really take off in Russia until the early 1900s. And due to a lack of suitable meat in much of the Soviet era (there were no meat cattle herds, only dairy), we’re starting the clock on shashlik in the late Soviet period. Despite its relatively recent (re)appearance, it is now the ubiquitous grill phenomenon of Russia, a welcome ritual of summer.

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Much of Russian cuisine has borrowed heavily from Central Asia and further east over the millennia ( pelmeni anyone?), but plov is a striking example of an entire eastern dish making its way directly into Russian households. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and upheaval in many Central Asian Soviet Republics, mass economic migration to Moscow took off in the late 80s and early 90s. Central Asians today are the lifeblood of the Moscow labor force (part of up to 10-12 million Central Asian migrants living in Russia), and plov—rice steamed in stock with meat and vegetables—has jumped from the migrant communities to the homes of Muscovites everywhere. It has developed an unfortunate reputation for being a food that even finicky kids will eat, so there is a lot of harried domestic plov being made. But you can get a fully expressed Uzbek version at Danilovsky Market, online at plov.com , or at Food City—the surf-and-turf Tsukiji of Moscow.

The Big Mac

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So many of the difficulties in American-Russian relations come down to one foundational attitude problem: The Americans (that’s half of this writing duo) were incredibly, distressingly smug through the entire fall of the Soviet Union. We mistook Soviet failure for an American victory, and that made all the difference. What does that have to do with a Big Mac? Well, when Russia’s first McDonald’s opened on Pushkinskaya in 1990 and 5000 people turned out to wait in line for the first taste of America, we back home in the states mistook it for culinary and commercial superiority. But there was something more complicated happening: Russians had been denied Western goods for so long and with such force that any outside identity was much-needed oxygen. And the long-term victory, as McDonald’s has continued to thrive in post-Soviet Russia, really belongs to the local franchise, which used higher-quality ingredients than in the U.S. and created a chain that was successful not because of its American identity but because of its Russian modifications. We wouldn’t recommend eating at any McDonald’s, especially not when there is Teremok for your fast-food needs, but having a soda in the original location is one way to sit and ponder the sin of hubris. And to use the free toilet and Wi-Fi.

The crown jewel of Levantine meat preparations, perhaps the single greatest street meat in the world: Shawarma. It first came to Moscow with a shawarma joint across from the Passazh mall, opened in the early 90s by Syrian cooks who dazzled masses with their sizzling, spinning, spiced meat emporium. Lines that stretched into the hundreds of people weren’t uncommon in those heady early days. And even though the original spot closed many years ago, Moscow shawarma only grew from there, mutating into the beast it is today, where you’re likely to find chicken, cabbage, mayo and a thin tomato sauce all combining to make the Levant a distant memory.

Fish Tartare aka Sashimi

One result of the aforementioned American smugness is that the West seemed surprised at how rapidly 1990s Russia assimilated some of the most hardcore capitalist traits, including but not limited to conspicuous consumerism. Moscow’s new elite was very, very good at that. What could be more conspicuous that recreating a restrained, exclusive seafood cuisine from Japan in the chaotic, landlocked megacity of Moscow? The very improbability of high-end sushi and sashimi in Moscow fueled much of its allure, and even though the trends have moved on from sushi, you can still tell the emotional attachment that the oligarch class has to those formative wastes of money. Sumosan restaurant started in Moscow back in 1997 and has since expanded to Monte Carlo and Londongrad , where they serve a dish that they call Fish Tartare, among others, in their restaurants and through their private jet catering service.

Blue Cheese roll

If the early elite sushi restaurants in Moscow were the frivolous edge of a food phenomenon, then Yakitoriya , a chain which started in the late 1990s, democratized it with affordable sushi rolls geared to local tastes. The Blue Cheese Roll, available now on their menu, seems like the apex (or nadir) of the Russianized roll: salmon, smoked eel, cucumber, cream cheese, Blue Cheese sauce. It might not be Jiro’s dream, but a true Russian middle class, one that can work honestly, earn meaningful salaries, and have a freaky sushi roll at the end of the week just like the rest of us—that’s something worthing dreaming for. Blue Cheese Roll, Yakitoriya, 417₽ (US$6.70)

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If you’re American, have you ever wondered why tacos took over middle America but sopes remain virtually unknown? It’s curious how a country can assimilate some foods from their neighbors and but remain blissfully ignorant of others. That may explain what took place two years ago in Moscow, when the city seemingly discovered, as if for the first time, the bagged awesomeness that is khinkali , a soup dumpling from Russia’s southern neighbor Georgia. It became very trendy very quickly, and khinkali joints sprouted across Moscow like griby after a rain. But it wasn’t just that dish: what they were serving was a bit of the imagined southern, sybaritic lifestyle of the Caucasus, as promised in restaurant names like Est’ Khinkali Pit Vino ( Eat Khinkali Drink Wine ). Your best bets are at the stately Sakhli , around 100₽ (US$1.60) per soft, fulsome dumpling, or the more modernized Kafe Khinkalnaya on Neglinnaya Street , 100₽ (US$0.80) a dumpling.

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We have named burrata—yes, that Italian alchemy of cheese and cream—the Perfect Dish of Moscow 2018, if only because it is the Dish of the Moment, ready to be enjoyed at the height of its faddishness now, and equally ready to be replaced when the city decides to move on. Read Anna Maslovskaya’s masterful breakdown of why—and where—to eat burrata in Moscow.

Top image: Olivier salad with chicken. Photo by: Kvector /Shutterstock

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The Great Lakes

Mar 23, 2019

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The Great Lakes. Introduction. The 5 Great Lakes. Huron Ontario Michigan Erie Superior. An Important Coastline. 1/10th of the population of the USA 1/4th of the Canadian population 25% of the Canadian Agriculture and 7% of the USA. Lake Superior. Largest volume

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The Great Lakes Introduction

The 5 Great Lakes • Huron • Ontario • Michigan • Erie • Superior

An Important Coastline • 1/10th of the population of the USA • 1/4th of the Canadian population • 25% of the Canadian Agriculture and 7% of the USA

Lake Superior • Largest volume • Deepest and coldest • Fewest people living on it • Least amount of pollution • Forested basin

Lake Michigan • 2nd Largest • only Great Lake entirely in the USA • Northern = less populated, fishing industry, and paper mills • Southern = densely populated (8 mill.) with Chicago and Milwaukee

Lake Huron • 3rd Largest by volume • vacation location on Georgian Bay and Northern Michigan • high population in the Saginaw River Basin • Fishing in the Saginaw Bay

Lake Erie • Smallest in Volume • Warm and Shallow • Freezes in winter • Land around it is farmland = lots of pollution • 17 urban centers of over 50,000 people

Lake Ontario • Smaller in area than Lake Erie, but deeper • Canadian Shore = densely populated (Toronto) and used for industry and farming • US Shore = mostly unused; one large city (Rochester), some farming and industry

Great Lake Exploitation • The Great Lakes were heavily used from the point European settlers moved in • killing fur-bearing animals • clear-cut forests for agriculture and logging • over-fishing

Industrialization of the Great Lakes • Early Settlement Times = untreated waste released into rivers (bacteria and disease) • 1920’s = PCB’s = carcinogen in plastic and fertilizers • 1940’s = DDT = bio-magnifying pesticide

Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (1972) • Growing concern for deteriorating water quality in the Great Lakes • included the US and Canada • agreement limited the amount of pollutants that were discharged into the Lakes

Toxic Contaminates • Accumulate up the food chain • egg thinning in bird fish-eating bird eggs • Cormorants, Ospreys, Herring Gulls • Human health risks • mercury contamination • PCB’s • Birth defects, reproductive health, immune system

Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement Revisions (1978) • Manage Lakes with an ecosystem approach • Actions Plans (RAPs) for Areas of Concerns (AOCs) • health of lakes determined by ecological indicators (specific bird and fish populations)

The Problem of Management • Several Governments control the lakes and make individual decisions on them • 2 Sovereign Nations (US and Canada) • 1 Province (Ontario) • 8 States (MN, WI, IL, IN, PA, MI, OH, NY) • Thousands of local governments

Great Lakes Formation • 3 Billion yrs ago = volcanic activity and folding creates the Great Lakes basin • 600 million yrs ago = most of N. America covered by a salt water sea (salt deposits, petosky stones)

Great Lakes Formation • 1 million yrs ago = continental glaciers up to 6,500 ft thick advanced over Michigan • leveled hills • altered ecosystems • created large rivers that became the lakes

Great Lakes Formation • 14,000 – 10,000 years ago = climate warms up and continental glaciers shrink • sand, silt, clay, and boulders deposited by glacier • meltwater fills in the depression left from the weight of the glacier • uplift occurs and shapes the current great lakes Link

The Great Lakes Natural Processes

Climate • Summer • North = cool, dry air from Canada • South = tropical air from the Gulf of Mexico • Areas directly near the lakes have cooler temperatures because the lakes cool the air

Climate • Winter • cool arctic air flows over the Great Lakes and picks up moisture, then drops it on the land • Lake-effect snow creates snowbelts on the Eastern side of all the lakes

Global Warming Effects • More evaporation from lakes = lower lake levels • increased weather disturbances • changes in crops and food production • problems with shipping

Lake Levels • Day-to-Day Changes = caused by winds • Annual = winter (low levels) and summer (high levels) • Long-term cycles = cyclic changes caused by changes in climate

Lake Stratification • Layering of lake water based on temperature differences • caused by density differences • cold water = more dense = sinks to bottom

Lake Layers • Epilimnion = warm layer on surface and near shore, most life lives here, sunlight • Thermocline = thin middle layer separating warm and cold layers • Hypolimnion = cool, dense lower layer, not much sunlight, not much life

Fall Turnover 1. Cold fall air cools the surface of the water 2. Cold, dense surface water drops to the bottom of the lake 3. Entire lake mixes as water drops

Spring Turnover • 1. Ice freezes over the surface in the winter • 2. Ice melts and cools the water near the surface • 3. Water at surface is cooler than on the bottom • 4. Water from the bottom rises and mixes the lake

Importance of Turnover • Mixes oxygen through all layers so life can exist in most of the lake • mixes and dilutes pollutants • fishing industry

Great Lake Invertebrates • Phytoplankton = sun-catching plankton, (algae, euglena) • Zooplankton = eat other types of plankton (copepod, spiny water flea, daphnia)

Great Lake Fishes • Smallmouth and largemouth bass • northern pike • lake trout • lake herring • whitefish • salmon

Great Lakes Birds • Eagle = population is on the come back after their habitat was destroyed and DDT affected their reproduction • Herring Gull = often know as sea gulls, eat fish, mice, garbage, and anything else they can find • Cormorant = eat large amounts of fish and are not liked by fishermen

  • More by User

The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes A Presentation made by Benjamin Ashraf IB 447 - Spring 2006 Areas of Focus The Great Lake Region During the Ice Age. The Formation of the Great Lakes The Drainage of the Lakes The Modern Lakes The Great Lakes - Ice Age The Pleistocene Epoch

670 views • 20 slides

The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes By Suzanne Gorham Jan. 28 th , 2005 Wed. 3:30 Jaime Jennings The Great Lakes Lake Superior Lake Michigan Lake Huron Lake Erie Lake Ontario Facts About Lake Superior The largest lake out of all five lakes. It is the deepest and coldest of the five lakes.

718 views • 11 slides

The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes. Physical Aspects Geologic Origin Physical Features Fish Community Overview Lake Trout, Whitefish and the Lamprey invasion. Surface area: 245,000 km 2 Drainage basin: 753,950 km 2. 1. 3. Superior Michigan Huron Erie Ontario. 5. 2. 4. >12,000 B.C. ~11,700 B.C.

1.52k views • 54 slides

The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes. By Tonya Melton. Fun Facts. The Great Lakes and their connecting channels form the largest fresh water system on earth. The fresh water lakes hold an estimated 6 quadrillion gallons of water.

888 views • 8 slides

The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes. What you should know. By John Lees. There are 5 Great Lakes. H uron O ntario M ichigan E rie S uperior. Hint: To remember all of the l akes just spell out H.O.M.E.S. Lake Huron. Size: Second Largest Great Lake Average Depth: 195ft

393 views • 13 slides

The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes. It’s History, It’s Future. Ann Rzepka Natural Resources Specialist Geauga Soil and Water Conservation District. Rachel Webb Low Impact Development Coordinator Chagrin River Watershed Partners, Inc. Chagrin River Watershed Partners.

2.1k views • 31 slides

Five Great Lakes

Five Great Lakes

Five Great Lakes. Buttons. This button will move you onto the next slide. This button will return you to the previous slide. This button will take you to the home page . Home. Lake Superior. Lake Huron. Lake Michigan . Lake Erie. Lake Ontario. Final Quiz. Lake Superior. Facts.

1.18k views • 65 slides



THE GREAT LAKES. H.O.M.E.S Lisa Nordstrom. H.O.M.E.S. Lake Huron Lake Ontario Lake Michigan Lake Erie Lake Superior. Background Information. The Great Lakes are often remembered by their first initials, which is where H.O.M.E.S comes from.

302 views • 8 slides



GREAT LAKES Region. Regional Composite. REGIONAL DATA REPORT JAN – MAR 2014 vs. 2013. Methodology. IRI gathers chain-wide sales across all RMAs (Retail Market Areas)

290 views • 9 slides


GREAT LAKES Region. Regional Composite. REGIONAL DATA REPORT JAN – MAR 2013 vs. 2012. Methodology. Sales and Market Data is obtained using CAST (Category Avocado Sales Trend) IRI gathers chain-wide sales across all RMAs (Retail Market Areas)

211 views • 9 slides


GREAT LAKES Region. Regional Composite. REGIONAL DATA REPORT JAN - JUN 2013 vs. 2012. Methodology. Sales and Market Data is obtained using CAST (Category Avocado Sales Trend) IRI gathers chain-wide sales across all RMAs (Retail Market Areas)

179 views • 9 slides


GREAT LAKES Region. Regional Composite. REGIONAL DATA REPORT JAN - DEC 2013 vs. 2012. Methodology. Sales and Market Data is obtained using CAST (Category Avocado Sales Trend) IRI gathers chain-wide sales across all RMAs (Retail Market Areas)

231 views • 9 slides

Great Lakes Reflector

Great Lakes Reflector

Great Lakes Reflector. IRLP ref9610. Owner: KB8ZGL - Mike. Admin: K8SN - Sam. Location. Located just south of Grand Rapids in Byron Center, MI. Housed in state of the art Fiber Network Operations Center for West MI Network and rack provided by FreedomNet Solutions. Fiber Network.

189 views • 7 slides

The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes. By Kevin Oles. The Lakes Information. Lake Michigan is on the East Side of Michigan. Lake Huron is on the West side of the state and is connected to Lake Michigan under the Mackinaw Bridge. All of the great lakes are connected to one another. There are five lakes total.

298 views • 8 slides

The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes. Brandon Dunn, Kate Thometz, Vince Amicon. H uron O ntario M ichigan E rie S uperior. Largest group of fresh water lakes worldwide Borders United States and Canada Used today as major source of transportation. THE GREAT LAKES. GEOLOGIC HISTORY.

607 views • 17 slides

Great Lakes Fisheries

Great Lakes Fisheries

Great Lakes Fisheries. Presented by: Dr. Randal J. Snyder Associate Professor Buffalo State College [email protected]. Key Factors: Overfishing. Peak harvests in late 1800’s were nearly 150 million pounds; only 63 million today

352 views • 13 slides

Great Lakes Maps

Great Lakes Maps

Great Lakes Maps. Deglaciation. 18 K. 14 K. 12 K. 10 K. 8K. Glacial Lake Wisconsin Clayton and Attig. Glacial Lake Wisconsin Clayton and Attig, 1989. Lake Wisconsin Clayton and Attig.

308 views • 10 slides

The Great Masurian Lakes

The Great Masurian Lakes

The Great Masurian Lakes. A true miracle of nature. The Great Masurian Lakes. We would like to present one of the most beautiful P olish regions which has entered the last round of the contest 7 Wonders of Nature.

500 views • 28 slides


GREAT LAKES Region. Regional Composite. REGIONAL DATA REPORT JAN – DEC 2012 vs. 2011. Methodology. Sales and Market Data is obtained using CAST (Category Avocado Sales Trend)

179 views • 10 slides

The Great Lakes

The Great Lakes. Michael W. Rowan, Ph.D. The Great Lakes. Began to form ~500,000 years ago Took present shape ~10,000 years ago Watershed area = 196,000 sq. miles 34 million people (27.5 million U.S., 6.4 million Canada) Water surface area = 94,700 sq. miles

260 views • 17 slides

Great Lakes Qualities

Great Lakes Qualities

Ninth District’s Ballast Water Management (BWM) Program CDR Karen Phillips D9 Waterways Planning and Development Chief. Closed Eco-system Largest Fresh Water Surface System on Earth (1/5 total fresh water supply)

257 views • 14 slides

Kashmir Great Lakes

Kashmir Great Lakes

It is the dream for everyone to go for rafting in the Kashmir Great Lakes and an extensive tour package from leading holiday planners will help them realize this dream.

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Here are 5 Columbus restaurants we think deserve a place on national best lists

Lindey's opened in 1981 in German Village.

USA TODAY released its 2024 Restaurants of Year list on Feb. 15. It features 47 of the best restaurants in the country, and it includes one from Columbus: Fyr , the live-fire, South American-influenced spot that debuted in 2022 at the Hilton Columbus Downtown.

With accomplished and well-traveled Chef Sebastian La Rocca at the helm, Fyr is a solid, deserving choice. But it’s not the only Columbus restaurant that has garnered national accolades.

Here are five other local places worthy of consideration.

Chef Avishar Barua’s latest restaurant, Agni, has so far garnered only local accolades, most recently named as 2023’s best new restaurant by Columbus Monthly. But more are bound to come. Barua is a semifinalist for Best Chef: Great Lakes in this year’s James Beard Award, and he already has taken a national stage by competing on “Top Chef” and “Beat Bobby Flay.” (He beat Flay, too.)

Agni, named after the Hindu god of fire, follows the trend of cooking with live fire but reflects, in the restaurant’s own words, “the experiences, memories and culture of Avishar and the team.” It includes Bengali, Brazilian, Mexican, Chinese and other influences on menus that include vegetarian, pescatarian and gluten-free options.

Agni is at 716 S. High St. in the Brewery District. Visit dineatagni.com .

More: BJ Lieberman and Avishar Barua are James Beard semifinalists for Best Chef: Great Lakes

Chapman’s Eat Market

Chapman’s Eat Market, one of three Columbus dining and drinking spots owned by BJ Lieberman and Bronwyn Haines, was named by The New York Times in 2021 as “ one of the 50 places in America that we’re most excited about right now.” Lieberman is currently a semi-finalist for a James Beard Award as Best Chef: Great Lakes; winners will be announced in June.

Writer Brett Anderson described the menu at Chapman’s as “deft, globally inspired comfort food.” This month’s six-course, prix fixe options certainly follow suit, including items such as blue crab musubi and Appalachian chicken and dumplings.

Chapman’s Eat Market is at 739 S. 3rd St. in German Village. Visit eatchapmans.com .

Cut 132, the year-old modern American steakhouse from Virginia-based Thompson Restaurants, the largest minority-owned food service company in the country, was voted last month as a USA TODAY 10Best Readers' Choice Award winner.

The restaurant prides itself on quality ingredients and whimsical presentation. That philosophy is evident in a roasted bone marrow starter. It’s served with a bourbon demi-glace, bacon and fig chutney; once finished, it can be paired with an optional shot of Makers Mark poured down the bone into one’s mouth.

Cut 132 is at 4188 Brighton Rose Way at the Easton Town Center. Visit cut132.com .

More: New steakhouse Cut 132 set to open in Easton's 'luxury section'

There aren’t many best-of lists Lindey’s hasn’t been on over its 43 years in business. Last year, Dispatch readers voted it as their favorite in a 32-restaurant March Madness bracket . Fans also vote with their dollars. Lindey’s launched a Bread Club last fall in which members could get a weekly loaf of its artisan sourdough for a $36 monthly subscription. It sold out quickly.

Lindey’s is classic, white-tablecloth fine dining with classic dishes, including French onion soup, grilled filet mignon and roasted chicken.

The restaurant is at 169 E. Beck St. in German Village. Visit lindeys.com .  

The Refectory

Another Columbus classic, The Refectory is a mainstay on lists such as Wine Spectator’s Award of Excellence (20 years) and AAA’s Four Diamond Restaurants (28 years).

Chef Richard Blondin’s dinner menu changes regularly, but his French technique and artful presentation are constant. The restaurant also has two five-course tasting menus, including one with vegetarian dishes.

The Refectory is at 1092 Bethel Road on the Northwest Side. Visit refectory.com .

[email protected]

Great Lakes Brewing Company

Great Lakes Brewing Company

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