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Subject: Mathematics

Age range: 11-14

Resource type: Worksheet/Activity Last updated

9 April 2020

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• Share through pinterest I wanted to bring my maths classroom closer to the real world, and specifically the problems and changes that we face. I wanted a resource that would raise awareness of important issues in society, invite discussion in a maths classroom, and spur action.

So these resources place key ratio skills in the context of society’s challenges. **Students work with ratios, interpreting ratios, and 1:n. **

It provides an opportunity to practice problem solving in new contexts, and highlights the power that maths has to quantify issues and help address them. The numbers and statistics are all very close to the real numbers, often rounded to make it easier to work with in a classroom.

Feel free to add your own and adjust and help take maths into the world and its challenges!

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## Lesson Resources

"Quite simply, his lessons and activities are brilliant. They are clearly laid out, contain examples, notes, questions and answers, and cover pretty much everything from key stage 3 right up to further maths A-level. They are all PowerPoint presentations or Word documents, so can be adapted, edited and merged with your existing lessons. Our students and teachers are currently Dr Frost mad!"

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Resources you can trust ## Ratio and proportion

Worksheets and activities for ks3-5.

Browse our tried-and-tested teaching resources for ratio, proportion, rates of change and units for KS3, GCSE and A-Level. Perfect for introducing topics, practising skills and concepts, and for maths revision.

Our Ratio resource collection offers ratio worksheets that are great for giving your students an introduction to ratios in their simplest form, as well as for practising and revising simplifying ratios, parts of the ratio and equivalent ratios. The ratio questions in these resources include ratio problem solving, such as sharing orange juice into a given ratio or dividing a given ratio into a jigsaw puzzle, and a range of different word problems. For activities that combine ratio and proportion, head to our Proportion collection, where you’ll also find proportion problems and activities on direct and inverse proportion.

Explore units, distance, time and imperial/metric conversion with our Units teaching resource collection. Activities include drawing and interpreting conversion graphs, as well as problem-solving and real-life word problems.

## Resource collections

Our most popular ratio and proportion resources. Applied Ratio

Lots of applied ratio here!

This new lesson on three-way ratio problem solving looks at using given ratios to create others. Students will need to understand equivalence of ratios and sharing into a ratio.

Recipes is a common exam question and the main task of this lesson is fully differentiated and focuses on the menu for the restaurant Pythagoras' Place. The extension task requires the students to work out ingredients for Shrove Tuesday for the class in question.

Best buys features lots of opportunity for discussion and plenty of relevant maths. Pair work, visual explanations and a differentiated main task with answers.

Exchange rates is another highly relevant topic using current exchange rates (use the given link). Answers will change along with the rates so I have not included answers for this lesson.  • Home Learning
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## Calculating Ratio Year 6 Ratio Resource Pack ## Step 4: Calculating Ratio Year 6 Spring Block 6 Resources

Calculating Ratio Year 6 Resource Pack includes a teaching PowerPoint and differentiated varied fluency and reasoning and problem solving resources for Spring Block 6.

Free Home Learning Resource It's just £4.83 for a month's subscription.

## What's included in the pack?

This pack includes:

• Calculating Ratio Year 6 Teaching PowerPoint.
• Calculating Ratio Year 6 Varied Fluency with answers.
• Calculating Ratio Year 6 Reasoning and Problem Solving with answers.

## National Curriculum Objectives

Mathematics Year 6: (6R1)  Solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts

Mathematics Year 6: (6R3)  Solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found

Mathematics Year 6: (6R4)  Solve problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples

Differentiation For Year 6 Calculating Ratio:

Varied Fluency Developing Questions to support using information to calculate ratios of two groups, scaling up using 2 and 10 times tables. Using pictorial representations to support. Expected Questions to support using information to calculate ratios of two groups. Using pictorial representations to support. Greater Depth Questions to support using information to calculate ratios of up to three groups, where ratios may need simplifying. Using some pictorial representations to support.

Reasoning and Problem Solving Questions 1, 4 and 7 (Problem Solving) Developing Using the information given, determine how many of each object (2 sets) there will be in different scenarios. Using 2, 5 or 10 times tables. Expected Using the information given, determine how many of each object (2 sets) there will be in different scenarios. Greater Depth Using the information given, determine how many of each object (3 sets) there will be in different scenarios. Ratios need simplifying.

Questions 2, 5 and 8 (Reasoning) Developing Explain whether a statement about ratio of 2 sets of objects is correct. Objects arranged in a linear pattern and in sequence. Expected Explain whether a statement about ratio of 2 sets of objects is correct. Objects arranged randomly and out of sequence. Greater Depth Explain whether a statement about ratio of 3 sets of objects is correct. Objects arranged randomly and out of sequence.

Questions 3, 6 and 9 (Problem Solving) Developing Determine how many objects there are when given a ratio of 2 different objects and find the new ratio when a number of one of the objects is taken away. Using 2, 5 or 10 times tables. Expected Determine how many objects there are when given a ratio of 2 different objects and find the new ratio when a number of one of the objects is taken away. Greater Depth Determine how many objects there are when given a ratio of 3 different objects and find the new ratio when a number of one of the objects is taken away.

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## Mr Barton Maths Podcast

Long-form conversations about teaching and learning with craig barton, tes maths resource of the week (rotw) index page.

Each week I select one of my favourite resources from the TES Maths Website and record a short video about it. In the video I try to add an extra bit of insight into how the video might be used in the classroom, and share my experiences of trying it out with my lovely students.

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Data and Statistics

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Factors and Multiples Game: Ultimate Edition

121. Numeracy Workout

120. Table Learning Games

112. Malteaser’s Number Mystery

111. Fractions Investigation

110. If the sun was the size of a football…

107. Grid Sums Puzzle

105. Fraction Images

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86: Percentages: Spot the Mistake

85. Diffy: Our Year 7s first maths lesson

82. Lesson Collection: Negative Numbers

74. Investigating Special Numbers

48. Adding Fractions – 4 in a Line

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40. Quiz, Quiz, Trade – Rounding

33. Texting Whilst Driving

31. Number Gym

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19. 100 Number Grid Investigations

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58. Trig Graphs: Guess Who

51. Online Equations Test

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87. ISS Earth Calculation

79. Lesson Collection: Real Life Graphs

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56. Rotations: Catch the Thief

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## 7 thoughts on “ TES Maths Resource of the Week (ROTW) Index Page ”

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Ideas and resources for teaching secondary school mathematics

• Blog Archive

## 20 December 2017

New gcse: ratio. • Mel from JustMaths collated ratio Higher GCSE questions from sample and specimen papers here , and has written up her solutions here .
• If you subscribe to MathsPad then you'll be pleased to hear that they have lovely resources for ratio including a set of questions for Higher GCSE  with loads of examples like the problems I've featured in this post.
• Don Steward has plenty of ratio tasks  including his set of ' Harder Ratio Questions ' and a really helpful collection of GCSE ratio and proportion questions .
• On MathsBot you can generate ratio questions, revision grids and practice papers. Select 'ratio, proportion and rates of change' at the top.
• There are exam style questions in this collection from Lucy Kilgariff on TES.
• OCR has a 'Calculations with Ratio' Topic Check In  and AQA has a Ratio and Proportion Topic Test .
• David Morse of Maths4Everyone has shared a set of revision exercises and ratio exam style questions .  My ratio pages don't get much attention - not sure why since I think they're instructive and easy to use. They don't support the particular type of harder questions described in the post (but I'll look to add something along those lines), but they do help understanding the concept of a ratio and it's utility. Manipulation of ratio quantities: http://thewessens.net/ClassroomApps/Main/ratios.html?topic=number&path=Main&id=7 Introduction to the ratio concept: http://www.thewessens.net/blog/2015/03/19/ratios-the-super-fractions/ Bar model visualisation of ratios: http://thewessens.net/ClassroomApps/Models/BarModels/visualfractionratio.html?topic=models&path=Models&id=17 Multiplicative word problems: http://thewessens.net/ClassroomApps/Models/BarModels/multiplicationwordproblems.html?topic=models&path=Models&id=8 Ken Fantastic! Thanks Ken. Thanks so much for your blog on ratio question types. Although I've been a maths teacher/tutor for over 30 year, ratio has always been a bug bear for me. I could wing it with old style gcse because I learnt the types of solutions required, however I have been stressed on the new types. This blog has made me think through ratios and I am certainly a lot happier. Bryan

Excellent, I'm so pleased it helps.

On your fractions approach, a quick trick is to realise that a/c = a/b x b/c. Makes it quite quick to work out (That is, if the students are good with cancelling down when multiplying). However, what I find confuses students about writing ratios as fractions is that it confuses the part:part idea of a ratio with the part:whole idea of a fraction. Perhaps that's why it's somewhat counter-intuitive. Also, final point is that ratios (fractions) and vectors is another application of harder ratio questions that often pops up on the new GCSE. Thanks for the post, Farah

Thanks for the comment!

This is a fabulous resource on work that is missing from the new GCSE texts that I have seen. Lovely challeging questions to make students think.

I've been using equivalent ratios for these type of questions. Find what doesn't change - the total number of sweets. Write ratios as equivalent ratios where the parts that doesn't change are the same. 3:7 has 10 parts, 3:5 has 8 parts LCM of 8 and 10 is 40 Ratios are 12:28 and 15:25 Number of sweets given is 3. Also works for following question Ratio of blue to red counters in a bag is 1:2, I add 12 blue counters and the ratio is 5:7. How many red counters are in the bag? What doesn't change? Red counters LCM of 2 and 7 is 14 Ratios are 7:14 and 10:14 3 parts are 12 counters, 1 part is 4 counters and 14 parts are 56 red counters. Also Jill is 4 times older than Jack. In 14 years time the ratio of Jack's age to Jill is 5:7. How old is Jill now? Ratios are 1:4 and 5:7. What doesn't change? The difference between their ages Find two equivalent ratios where difference between them is the same. 4 - 1 = 3 and 7 - 5 = 2 LCM of 2 and 3 is 6 Equivalent ratios are 2:8 and 15:21 13 parts = 26 years, 1 part is 2 years, Jill is 16.

This is the approach I use. I think it's logical.

Thank you! Yes, this is logical. Same approach as bar modelling (but without the visual).

Oops, my mistake, third example should be .....in 26 years time the ratio of their ages is 5:7 ..... I did try to represent these using bar modelling at first but struggled to find a model that was intuitive and actually helped with the question. I would be grateful if anyone has ideas on this.

Although some bar modelling experts would disagree, I don't think bar modelling is intuitive/helpful for harder ratio questions. Bar modelling is fantastic for easier ratio questions, but when the questions get more complicated it's often really hard to figure out how to draw the scenario - definitely not as easy as some people make out!

Thank you for the post. Brilliant as usual. I actually did the sweets question in my class once. I simply said that Alice fraction of sweets changed from 7/10 to 5/8 when she gave the 3 sweets away. If we just subtract those fractions, the fraction remaining, 7/10 - 5/8 = 3/40. This means that Alice originally had 40 sweets.

Hadnt considered tis method but I love it

Thanks Stephen. I guess it makes sense, as the fraction lost is equivalent to the 3 sweets divided by the total.

Love this! Thanks for sharing.

Hi Jo, thanks for the post which I came across via a tweet you put out a couple of days ago - which also tied in with a question and the same method I saw in my step-daughters book the very next day - freaky! It is a more compact method than I would normally use in my teaching and will be switching to it. I think the only tweak I might make is to write the algebra ratio above the numeric one so the starting fractions are (7x-3)/5 : (3x+3)/3 The reason being that some students might get a little scared seeing algebra as part of the denominator but less so when faced with a number.

Good idea - thank you!

Hi Jo, One method I use when teaching questions like the first one above (Alice gives 3 sweets to Olivia) is the following. To begin with Alice has 7/10 of the sweets and then after giving three to Olivia, her share has reduced to 5/8 of the sweets. So Alice's share has reduced by (7/10 - 5/8=) 3/40 which is equivalent to 3 sweets, therefore there must be 40 sweets in total. Students can then proceed in answering the relevant question. I must admit I only use this method with the top sets.

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This topic is relevant for: ## Ratio Problem Solving

Here we will learn about ratio problem solving, including how to set up and solve problems. We will also look at real life ratio problems.

There are also ratio problem solving worksheets based on Edexcel, AQA and OCR exam questions, along with further guidance on where to go next if you’re still stuck. ## What is ratio problem solving?

Ratio problem solving is a collection of word problems that link together aspects of ratio and proportion into more real life questions. This requires you to be able to take key information from a question and use your knowledge of ratios (and other areas of the curriculum) to solve the problem.

A ratio is a relationship between two or more quantities . They are usually written in the form a:b where a and b are two quantities. When problem solving with a ratio, the key facts that you need to know are,

• What is the ratio involved?
• What order are the quantities in the ratio?
• What is the total amount / what is the part of the total amount known?
• What are you trying to calculate ?

As with all problem solving, there is not one unique method to solve a problem. However, this does not mean that there aren’t similarities between different problems that we can use to help us find an answer.

The key to any problem solving is being able to draw from prior knowledge and use the correct piece of information to allow you to get to the next step and then the solution.

Let’s look at a couple of methods we can use when given certain pieces of information. When solving ratio problems it is very important that you are able to use ratios. This includes being able to use ratio notation.

For example, Charlie and David share some sweets in the ratio of 3:5. This means that for every 3 sweets Charlie gets, David receives 5 sweets.

Charlie and David share 40 sweets, how many sweets do they each get?

We use the ratio to divide 40 sweets into 8 equal parts.

Then we multiply each part of the ratio by 5.

3 x 5:5 x 5 = 15:25

This means that Charlie will get 15 sweets and David will get 25 sweets.

• Dividing ratios

Step-by-step guide: Dividing ratios (coming soon)

## Ratios and fractions (proportion problems)

We also need to consider problems involving fractions. These are usually proportion questions where we are stating the proportion of the total amount as a fraction.

## Simplifying and equivalent ratios

• Simplifying ratios

Equivalent ratios

## Units and conversions ratio questions

Units and conversions are usually equivalent ratio problems (see above).

• If £1:\$1.37 and we wanted to convert £10 into dollars, we would multiply both sides of the ratio by 10 to get £10 is equivalent to \$13.70.
• The scale on a map is 1:25,000. I measure 12cm on the map. How far is this in real life, in kilometres? After multiplying both parts of the ratio by 12 you must then convert 12 \times 25000=300000 \ cm to km by dividing the solution by 100 \ 000 to get 3km.

Notice that for all three of these examples, the units are important. For example if we write the mapping example as the ratio 4cm:1km, this means that 4cm on the map is 1km in real life.

Top tip: if you are converting units, always write the units in your ratio.

Usually with ratio problem solving questions, the problems are quite wordy . They can involve missing values , calculating ratios , graphs , equivalent fractions , negative numbers , decimals and percentages .

Highlight the important pieces of information from the question, know what you are trying to find or calculate , and use the steps above to help you start practising how to solve problems involving ratios.

## How to do ratio problem solving

In order to solve problems including ratios:

Identify key information within the question.

Know what you are trying to calculate.

Use prior knowledge to structure a solution.

## Explain how to do ratio problem solving ## Ratio problem solving worksheet

Get your free ratio problem solving worksheet of 20+ questions and answers. Includes reasoning and applied questions.

## Related lessons on ratio

Ratio problem solving is part of our series of lessons to support revision on ratio . You may find it helpful to start with the main ratio lesson for a summary of what to expect, or use the step by step guides below for further detail on individual topics. Other lessons in this series include:

• How to work out ratio
• Ratio to fraction
• Ratio scale
• Ratio to percentage

## Ratio problem solving examples

Example 1: part:part ratio.

Within a school, the number of students who have school dinners to packed lunches is 5:7. If 465 students have a school dinner, how many students have a packed lunch?

Within a school, the number of students who have school dinners to packed lunches is \bf{5:7.} If \bf{465} students have a school dinner , how many students have a packed lunch ?

Here we can see that the ratio is 5:7 where the first part of the ratio represents school dinners (S) and the second part of the ratio represents packed lunches (P).

We could write this as Where the letter above each part of the ratio links to the question.

We know that 465 students have school dinner.

2 Know what you are trying to calculate.

From the question, we need to calculate the number of students that have a packed lunch, so we can now write a ratio below the ratio 5:7 that shows that we have 465 students who have school dinners, and p students who have a packed lunch. We need to find the value of p.

3 Use prior knowledge to structure a solution.

We are looking for an equivalent ratio to 5:7. So we need to calculate the multiplier. We do this by dividing the known values on the same side of the ratio by each other.

So the value of p is equal to 7 \times 93=651.

There are 651 students that have a packed lunch.

## Example 2: unit conversions

The table below shows the currency conversions on one day. Use the table above to convert £520 (GBP) to Euros € (EUR). Use the table above to convert \bf{£520} (GBP) to Euros \bf{€} (EUR).

The two values in the table that are important are GBP and EUR. Writing this as a ratio, we can state We know that we have £520.

We need to convert GBP to EUR and so we are looking for an equivalent ratio with GBP = £520 and EUR = E. To get from 1 to 520, we multiply by 520 and so to calculate the number of Euros for £520, we need to multiply 1.17 by 520.

1.17 \times 520=608.4

So £520 = €608.40.

## Example 3: writing a ratio 1:n

Liquid plant food is sold in concentrated bottles. The instructions on the bottle state that the 500ml of concentrated plant food must be diluted into 2l of water. Express the ratio of plant food to water respectively in the ratio 1:n.

Liquid plant food is sold in concentrated bottles. The instructions on the bottle state that the \bf{500ml} of concentrated plant food must be diluted into \bf{2l} of water . Express the ratio of plant food to water respectively as a ratio in the form 1:n.

Using the information in the question, we can now state the ratio of plant food to water as 500ml:2l. As we can convert litres into millilitres, we could convert 2l into millilitres by multiplying it by 1000.

2l = 2000ml

So we can also express the ratio as 500:2000 which will help us in later steps.

We want to simplify the ratio 500:2000 into the form 1:n.

We need to find an equivalent ratio where the first part of the ratio is equal to 1. We can only do this by dividing both parts of the ratio by 500 (as 500 \div 500=1 ). So the ratio of plant food to water in the form 1:n is 1:4.

## Example 4: forming and solving an equation

Three siblings, Josh, Kieran and Luke, receive pocket money per week proportional to their age. Kieran is 3 years older than Josh. Luke is twice Josh’s age. If Josh receives £8 pocket money, how much money do the three siblings receive in total?

Three siblings, Josh, Kieran and Luke, receive pocket money per week proportional to their ages. Kieran is \bf{3} years older than Josh . Luke is twice Josh’s age. If Luke receives \bf{£8} pocket money, how much money do the three siblings receive in total ?

We can represent the ages of the three siblings as a ratio. Taking Josh as x years old, Kieran would therefore be x+3 years old, and Luke would be 2x years old. As a ratio, we have We also know that Luke receives £8.

We want to calculate the total amount of pocket money for the three siblings.

We need to find the value of x first. As Luke receives £8, we can state the equation 2x=8 and so x=4.

Now we know the value of x, we can substitute this value into the other parts of the ratio to obtain how much money the siblings each receive. The total amount of pocket money is therefore 4+7+8=£19.

## Example 5: simplifying ratios

Below is a bar chart showing the results for the colours of counters in a bag. Express this data as a ratio in its simplest form.

From the bar chart, we can read the frequencies to create the ratio. We need to simplify this ratio.

To simplify a ratio, we need to find the highest common factor of all the parts of the ratio. By listing the factors of each number, you can quickly see that the highest common factor is 2.

\begin{aligned} &12 = 1, {\color{red} 2}, 3, 4, 6, 12 \\\\ &16 = 1, {\color{red} 2}, 4, 8, 16 \\\\ &10 = 1, {\color{red} 2}, 5, 10 \end{aligned}

HCF (12,16,10) = 2

Dividing all the parts of the ratio by 2 , we get Our solution is 6:8:5 .

## Example 6: combining two ratios

Glass is made from silica, lime and soda. The ratio of silica to lime is 15:2. The ratio of silica to soda is 5:1. State the ratio of silica:lime:soda.

Glass is made from silica, lime and soda. The ratio of silica to lime is \bf{15:2.} The ratio of silica to soda is \bf{5:1.} State the ratio of silica:lime:soda .

We know the two ratios We are trying to find the ratio of all 3 components: silica, lime and soda.

Using equivalent ratios we can say that the ratio of silica:soda is equivalent to 15:3 by multiplying the ratio by 3. We now have the same amount of silica in both ratios and so we can now combine them to get the ratio 15:2:3. ## Example 7: using bar modelling

India and Beau share some popcorn in the ratio of 5:2. If India has 75g more popcorn than Beau, what was the original quantity?

India and Beau share some popcorn in the ratio of \bf{5:2.} If India has \bf{75g} more popcorn than Beau , what was the original quantity?

We know that the initial ratio is 5:2 and that India has three more parts than Beau.

We want to find the original quantity.

Drawing a bar model of this problem, we have Where India has 5 equal shares, and Beau has 2 equal shares.

Each share is the same value and so if we can find out this value, we can then find the total quantity.

From the question, India’s share is 75g more than Beau’s share so we can write this on the bar model. We can find the value of one share by working out 75 \div 3=25g. We can fill in each share to be 25g. Adding up each share, we get

India = 5 \times 25=125g

Beau = 2 \times 25=50g

The total amount of popcorn was 125+50=175g.

## Common misconceptions

• Mixing units

Make sure that all the units in the ratio are the same. For example, in example 6 , all the units in the ratio were in millilitres. We did not mix ml and l in the ratio.

• Ratio written in the wrong order

For example the number of dogs to cats is given as the ratio 12:13 but the solution is written as 13:12.

• Ratios and fractions confusion

Take care when writing ratios as fractions and vice-versa. Most ratios we come across are part:part. The ratio here of red:yellow is 1:2. So the fraction which is red is \frac{1}{3} (not \frac{1}{2} ). • Counting the number of parts in the ratio, not the total number of shares

For example, the ratio 5:4 has 9 shares, and 2 parts. This is because the ratio contains 2 numbers but the sum of these parts (the number of shares) is 5+4=9. You need to find the value per share, so you need to use the 9 shares in your next line of working.

• Ratios of the form \bf{1:n}

The assumption can be incorrectly made that n must be greater than 1 , but n can be any number, including a decimal.

## Practice ratio problem solving questions

1. An online shop sells board games and computer games. The ratio of board games to the total number of games sold in one month is 3:8. What is the ratio of board games to computer games? 8-3=5 computer games sold for every 3 board games.

2. The volume of gas is directly proportional to the temperature (in degrees Kelvin). A balloon contains 2.75l of gas and has a temperature of 18^{\circ}K. What is the volume of gas if the temperature increases to 45^{\circ}K?

3. The ratio of prime numbers to non-prime numbers from 1-200 is 45:155. Express this as a ratio in the form 1:n.

4. The angles in a triangle are written as the ratio x:2x:3x. Calculate the size of each angle.

5. A clothing company has a sale on tops, dresses and shoes. \frac{1}{3} of sales were for tops, \frac{1}{5} of sales were for dresses, and the rest were for shoes. Write a ratio of tops to dresses to shoes sold in its simplest form.

6. During one month, the weather was recorded into 3 categories: sunshine, cloud and rain. The ratio of sunshine to cloud was 2:3 and the ratio of cloud to rain was 9:11. State the ratio that compares sunshine:cloud:rain for the month.

## Ratio problem solving GCSE questions

1. One mole of water weighs 18 grams and contains 6.02 \times 10^{23} water molecules.

Write this in the form 1gram:n where n represents the number of water molecules in standard form.

2. A plank of wood is sawn into three pieces in the ratio 3:2:5. The first piece is 36cm shorter than the third piece.

Calculate the length of the plank of wood.

5-3=2 \ parts = 36cm so 1 \ part = 18cm

3. (a) Jenny is x years old. Sally is 4 years older than Jenny. Kim is twice Jenny’s age. Write their ages in a ratio J:S:K.

(b) Sally is 16 years younger than Kim. Calculate the sum of their ages.

## Learning checklist

You have now learned how to:

• Relate the language of ratios and the associated calculations to the arithmetic of fractions and to linear functions
• Develop their mathematical knowledge, in part through solving problems and evaluating the outcomes, including multi-step problems
• Make and use connections between different parts of mathematics to solve problems

## The next lessons are

• Compound measures

## Still stuck?

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