Essay on Globalization And Its Impact On Youth

Students are often asked to write an essay on Globalization And Its Impact On Youth in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

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100 Words Essay on Globalization And Its Impact On Youth

What is globalization.

Globalization means the way countries and people of the world interact and integrate. This happens through trade, technology, and travel. For example, when you can buy the same big-brand soda in many countries, that’s globalization.

Globalization’s Effect on Young People

Youth today can enjoy different cultures and ideas because of globalization. They listen to international music, play video games from other countries, and try new foods from around the world. It’s like having the globe at their doorstep.

Jobs and Skills

Thanks to globalization, young people have more job choices, especially in big companies. They also need to learn new skills, like foreign languages and using advanced technology, to be ready for these jobs.

Challenges for Youth

Globalization can also make it tough for young people. They might face strong competition for jobs and feel pressure to perform well in school to stand out.

Cultural Exchange

Globalization lets youth learn about and enjoy different cultures. This can make them more open-minded and understanding of people from other places.

250 Words Essay on Globalization And Its Impact On Youth

Globalization is the way countries all over the world have become connected through trade, technology, and cultural exchange. It’s like a big web that links different places and people, making the world seem smaller.

Young people today are growing up in a world that is more connected than ever before. They can learn about different cultures, meet friends from across the globe online, and enjoy music, movies, and food from faraway places. This exposure helps them become more open-minded and understanding of diversity.

Education and Job Opportunities

Thanks to globalization, students have more chances to study abroad and learn new languages. They can also find jobs in other countries more easily. This means they can gain new skills and experiences that can help them in their future careers.

Challenges Faced by Youth

But it’s not all good news. Globalization can also bring challenges. Young people might feel pressure to compete with others from around the world for jobs. Sometimes, they might worry about their future because the job market is always changing.

Technology and Globalization

Technology plays a big role in globalization. It lets young people stay in touch with friends and family, even if they are far away. They can also learn about world events as they happen, which makes them more aware of what’s going on around them.

In conclusion, globalization has a big impact on youth. It opens up many doors for learning and working, but it also brings challenges. Young people need to be prepared to adapt to a world that is always changing and growing closer together.

500 Words Essay on Globalization And Its Impact On Youth

Globalization is like a big net that connects countries and people all over the world. It brings them together to share things like products, ideas, and even cultures. Imagine how you can play a video game online with someone from another country or eat food that comes from the other side of the world. That’s globalization in action.

Impact on Youth Culture

For young people, globalization means they can learn about different ways of life without having to travel. They can watch movies, listen to music, and follow fashion trends from faraway places just by using the internet. This makes young people more aware of the world and often more accepting of people who are different from them.

Education and Opportunities

Thanks to globalization, students can study almost anything they want. They can even go to school in another country or take online classes from home. This opens up lots of chances for them to learn new things and get good jobs in the future. Also, knowing more than one language is now very important, and young people are learning languages like English, Spanish, or Mandarin to help them in the global job market.

Work and Economy

Globalization can lead to more jobs for young people, especially in big companies that work in many countries. But it can also make it harder for them because they have to compete with others from all over the world. Sometimes, this means that they have to work harder and be better at what they do to get the job they want.

Technology and Social Media

Technology is a big part of globalization. With smartphones and the internet, young people can talk to friends, meet new people, and find out what’s happening around the world in just seconds. Social media platforms like Facebook, Instagram, and TikTok let them share their lives and ideas with others, no matter where they are.

Challenges and Changes

Even though globalization can be good, it also brings challenges. Some young people might feel pressure to act or look a certain way because of what they see from other countries. It can also make them feel like they have to choose between their own culture and the new global culture. This can be confusing and sometimes stressful.

In the end, globalization has a big impact on youth. It gives them chances to learn, grow, and connect with the world. But it also asks them to be flexible and ready to face new challenges. By understanding globalization, young people can make the most of its benefits while taking care of its challenges. They are the future, and how they handle globalization will shape the world for years to come.

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Introducing Youth and Globalization and the Special Issue: The Rise and Fall of Cosmopolitanism

Youth and Globalization is an academic forum for discussion and exchanges, a space for intellectual creativity on all questions relating to youth in a globalizing world. Its aim is to provide an innovative understanding of youth studies in a global context based on multiscalar, multilevel, multisite, and multidisciplinary approaches. Young people both are affected by and are the actors of the globalization of everyday life. Drawing on both theoretical and empirical research, the journal explores how young people relate to globality and its outcomes.

To open this discussion, the Journal starts with an issue devoted to understanding the global generation through the lenses of the cosmopolitan approach. It discusses four major criticisms and provides a counter position to. In the first case, cosmopolitanism is too often considered as a natural consequence of globalization, while in the second as being too ethnocentric. In the third case, cosmopolitanism has been assimilated to the ideology of contemporary global capitalism and in the fourth case it is mocked as a mere utopia. The papers gathered here investigate values, norms, behaviors and practices related to esthetic, cultural, ethic and political cosmopolitanisms.

As the growth of scholarship in the field of global youth continues to accelerate at an exponential rate, Global Youth Studies 1 aims to provide an integrated, exhaustive and unique editorial project on all questions related to youth in the global context and its epistemological, theoretical, and methodological issues. This suite is composed of the book series Youth in a globalizing world , the Brill Research Perspectives on Global Youth and this journal, Youth and Globalization .

As part of Global Youth Studies and drawing on both theoretical analysis and empirical research, this Journal explores the ways in which transnational forces have strongly impacted young people’s lives as well as how young people relate to globality and its outcomes. Its aim is to provide an innovative insight of youth studies based on multiscalar, multilevel, multisite, and multidisciplinary approaches. The Journal will shed light on the global framing of youth and forge a renewed and timely understanding of global issues through the observation of the changes in the life course before entering adulthood.

In the following introduction to the inaugural issue of Youth and Globalization , we would like to linger on the main intellectual tenets of this editorial project, then to state the reasons that motivated us to start the Journal with a special issue devoted to the ‘Rise and Fall of Cosmopolitanism’, and finally to introduce the papers composing this special issue.

1 Reframing Youth in a Global World

According to the classic body of literature on youth produced by historians, sociologists, anthropologists and psychologists, 2 youth as a new and specific stage of the human life course has been produced by the convergent impact of five sets of structural factors in modern societies: (a) industrialization and urbanization; (b) the rise of compulsory schooling and the strong family investment in educational strategies, related to the shift from a predominantly economic mode of reproduction to a predominantly scholastic mode of reproduction; (c) the protection of childhood, regulation of the work of minors, juvenile justice reforms and the social responses to juvenile delinquency; (d) a generational shift in life styles, characterized by the upsurge of consumer culture and the increasing use of cultural resources for self-definition and affiliation; (e) the rise of a new vision of individual autonomy and intergenerational transmission enabling intra-family relationships to be supportive in constructing the identity of both children and adults. From its origin, the analysis of youth has allowed scholars to fathom the great historical transformations that has molded modern societies since the end of the 18 th to the beginning of the 20 th centuries. According to this literature, youth is indeed the litmus test in appraising the true nature of modernity.

As the evolution of modern societies unfolds, an array of tremendous shifts has occurred in the last 40 years that have deeply affected young people’s lives. These changes have been influenced by the acceleration of the interconnectedness between societies and the strong power of transnational processes. It is now common knowledge that globalization is not only an economic phenomenon, linked to the domination of a financialized capitalism, it also has an important cultural dimension, due to the increasing circulation of people and cultural goods, global icons, imaginaries and global technoscapes ( Appadurai, 1996 ). Migration and diasporas clearly underline the interweaving of economic and cultural dimensions. The transnational processes that globalization conveys are binding young people across different ancient barriers (such as civilizations, nations, communities, gender, races and classes) when facing: (a) environmental, terrorism and war risks; (b) an unprecedented market deregulation and cyclic recessions; (c) the high penetration rate of new technologies and the rise of the knowledge-based society; (d) and radical geopolitical changes with the emergence of non-Western powers and the relative decline of Western hegemony. The upsurge of these processes raises fundamental questions regarding to what extent the classic view of youth depicted above was flawed by a narrow ethnocentric and evolutionary understanding of history or, conversely, to what extent these factors were convergent and universal enough to be applied to non-Western and/or peripheral contexts. In other words, what is at stake nowadays is to establish whether (or not) we can keep the same classic picture and brushes of youth or whether we should use other vivid colors or pale shades to portray this age in a global landscape. How should we understand the coexistence of the homogenization of the conditions of youth due to globalization and the persistence of variations due to local contexts? To answer this question, and to go beyond this apparent aporia , it should be recalled that globalization is a two-fold process.

  • 1.1 A Two-fold Process

On the one hand, the acceleration of globalization occurred in the last 40 years has become a powerful driver of youth history that has modified whatever it did not produce and has therefore changed forever the worlds in which previous generations had lived. Indeed, globalization is often envisioned as the widening, intensifying, accelerating and growing impact of world-wide interconnectedness ( Held et al. 1999 ). Yet globalization has not solely strengthened the interdependence between societies – current transnational processes widen horizons in such a way that nations are extensively involved in global flows of capital, ideas, goods and people. Transnational processes have also and even more deeply impacted the internal functioning of society, their political regimes, their economy, their pattern of socialization, their social structure, and their cultures ( Robertson, 1992 ; Appadurai, 1996 ; Beck, 2006 ; Held & McGrew, 2007 ; Castells, 2009 ). More than ever before, when a butterfly flaps its wings in China, it can lead to a disaster in Kenya. There is a discrepancy between the belief that public administrations and governments, national policies and nation-states are still able to determine the future of societies and the global real and implacable constraints of climate change, as well as the rising global inequalities and global competition in the world economy ( Held, 2005 ), and the spread of international legal standards and norms such as human rights, which greatly reduce their leeway ( Held, 2005 ; Donnelly & Whelan, 2018 ). Consequently, the changes observed in life stages – and especially in youth – are strongly tied to the systemic interconnectivity that characterizes the contemporary world and not only to the endogenous dynamics of national histories.

On the other hand, the global changes affecting youth conditions also have their roots in the internal transformations and specificities of societies. In a globalized world, the different social systems, market characteristics (such as trade regulation, and work force protection), cultures and identities that characterize nation-states are not obsolete ( Meyer et al., 1997 ; Galland & Lemel, 2007 ). There is undoubtedly a high level of historical inertia in social, cultural and political matters, so that in spite of strong global trends, societies maintain very distinct values with regard to religious life, sexual morality, nationalism, political engagement and economic orientation ( Norris & Inglehart, 2009; 2012 ). For instance, national specificities based on the welfare state traditions are still important in European countries in spite of a common political construction and a long-lasting Europeanization process ( Esping-Anderson, 1990 ; Therborn, 1995 ). No serious analysis of globalization can, therefore, pretend that every area in the world is globalizing at the same pace, to the same extent, or in the same way.

Consequently, some visible manifestations of changes are the consequences as well as the drivers of the globalization of youth conditions, and have broad transnational commonalities as well as pronounced national idiosyncrasies: e.g. rising levels of youth mobility, significant proportions of young people with immigrant backgrounds, changes in the relationship with the labour market that implies a rise of leisure recognition demands and a shift toward the tertiary sector, structural transformations of families, of childhood and youth, and the rise of youth cultures and cultural consumptions.

Drawing on Eisenstadt’s work (2003) of multiple modernities, coupled with Appadurai’s (1996) assumption that there are many centers from which the processes of globalization is propelled and that there are many cultural programs of ‘global society’ ( Cotesta, 2012 ), this Journal aims to investigate the multiple and heterogeneous youth in the global era: both Global South youth as well as its Global North counterpart. Therefore, the dialectic of global trends and local realities is the framework within which all of the contemporary social, economic, cultural and political phenomena related to youth must be examined. The vast complementary movements of universalization through the dissemination of local references and particularization of the universal ( Robertson, 1992 ) refer to the multifarious dynamics through which global processes are incorporated, appropriated and reinvented in local contexts by young people’s reception, inventiveness and eventually resistance. In this vein, this Journal aims to answer the following questions: what kind of concepts do youth specialists need in order to understand the global changes that are impacting this age? Are classical approaches on youth in a globalizing world still useful and relevant? If not, what kind of perspectives would be more suitable?

  • 1.2 Youth as a Litmus Test in Appraising Globalization

There is some credence that young people can be seen as barometers of global social change ( Jeffrey & Mcdowell, 2004 ; Nilan & Feixa, 2006 ; Feixa et al., 2016 ). Indeed, new global trends in society can be observed through the prism of young people who find themselves under the spotlight as never before and for opposite reasons: in Europe, Russia, China and Japan because they are becoming rare, while, in some other countries – either developed or emerging –, they form the majority of the population.

In strongly interdependent societies, there are more possibilities for cross-national contacts, thanks to the pervasiveness of information and communication technologies ( ict ’s), extended and multifarious mobilities, increasing diasporas and rising rates of people with immigration backgrounds, growing mixed marriages, and the spread of international cultural consumptions, global icons and global knowledge. With an unprecedented rapidity, global media expose young people to an uninterrupted flow of cultural content of diverse origins ( Castells, 2001 ; Szerszynski & Urry, 2006 ), which create and maintain what Tomlinson (2007) calls ‘a condition of immediacy’ at the very heart of their daily life. In this context, young people both are affected by and are the actors of the ubiquitous phenomenon of the globalization of everyday life. As Edmunds and Turner (2005) emphasized, the pervasive exposure to global imaginaries through global media ‘has far more globalization potential because people can be linked through shared international experience rather than shared local experience.’ (568)

  • 1.3 The Institutionalization of Global Youth

National and international policies strongly contribute to shape youth, from educational programs (teaching foreign languages, encouraging educational mobility etc.) to job market and leisure time policies ( Williamson, 2002 ; Hahn-Bleibtreu & Molgat, 2012 ; Loncle et al., 2012 ). It is striking to see the large amount of official reports, international statistics, policies frameworks promoted and produced by global institutions, ngo , forums and platforms, which deal with the global issues youth are facing. Indeed, young people have become a global concern for adults, an object of political and administrative intervention, at least in the official discourses. Working as a global episteme , which grounds knowledge and promotes practices, these discourses unveil the anxieties of adults over the supposed vulnerability of young people and display a sense of duty to protect and educate younger generations. In doing so, they considerably transform the concerns about youth: ‘It used to be that almost no one — neither scholars, nor policy makers, not parents or pundits — worried about the transition to adulthood. They rarely even thought much about that period’ (Swartz, Hartmann & Rumbaut, 2017: 1). Among different voices, the more audible is undoubtedly the ‘World Program of Action for Youth’ promoted by the UN. 3 While it provides a policy framework and practical guidelines for national action and international support for young people, it also aims at fostering conditions and mechanisms to promote well-being among them. This program outlines 15 priority areas to be addressed: education, employment, hunger and poverty, health, environment, drug abuse, juvenile delinquency, leisure-time activities, girls and young women, full and effective participation of youth in the life of society and in decision-making, globalization, ict , hiv / aids , armed conflict, intergenerational issues. These programs and global reports on youth conditions 4 are both descriptive and normative, as they contain extended collections of data and proposals for action. It is clear that a global awareness, shared by experts, opinion influencers, stake-holders and politicians is emerging related to what this age of life is or should be . Three main ideas appear in these programs and reports.

Firstly, based on sophisticated and standardized indicators, these reports provide a definition of youth, regarding age (12–25 or 15–24 years old) and characteristics. Youth is not only a transition to adulthood, it has also become a specific age, with its particular needs and demands, the three main ones concerning protection, education, and employment. These reports thus describe how a decent life should be achieved: a decline of early marriage, gender equality, access to secondary and even tertiary education, an effective struggle against poverty, health diseases and a reduction in constrained mobilities ( Nugent, 2006 ).

Secondly, they define the aspiration to achieve full autonomy as central to the youth condition. As it was once claimed in a final document of the European Youth forum (2004), youth autonomy should be understood broadly: ‘autonomy is the situation where young people have the necessary support, resources and opportunities to choose to live independently, to run their own lives and to have full social and political participation in all sectors of everyday life, and be able to take independent decisions’. 5

Thirdly, they present youth as a resource for societies that should be more involved in preparing the future. Young people are considered as a human capital to invest in on a long-term basis to face the uncertainties threatening contemporary societies. A recent report concerning a new agenda for sustainable development 6 thus provides an insight into young people’s role in implementing this important matter: ‘far from being mere beneficiaries of the 2030 Agenda, young people have been active architects in its development and continue to be engaged in the frameworks and processes that support its implementation, follow-up and review.’

  • 1.4 Living in a Global Arena: Facing Risks and Taking Advantage of Opportunities

Some authors have claimed that young people are facing an unprecedented level of structural uncertainties in modern societies ( Blossfeld et al., 2005 ), related to: (a) the swift internationalization of markets; (b) the rapid intensification of competition based on deregulation, privatization, and liberalization within nation-states; (c) the diffusion of knowledge and the spread of global networks; (d) and, the rising importance of markets and their dependence on random shocks occurring somewhere on the globe. A global generation is accordingly shaped by these global risks ( Edmunds & Turner, 2005 ; Beck & Beck-Gernsheim, 2009 ).

In its reports, the International Labour Organization 7 takes note that ‘it is not easy to be young in the labour market today in the context of a stubborn jobs crisis, long job queues and increasing scarcity of stable employment’. In a high number of countries, young people continue to be impacted by the consequences of the planetary economic crisis of 2007–2008: the austerity policies put in place in some Western countries have produced economic downturns in other parts of the world, when imports decreased, tariffs rose, and the need for labour tailed off. Finding work, let alone a full-time and stable work , as a young person with no previous work experience continues to be challenging.

Increasing unemployment rates, greater flexibility at work, lower profitability of education on the labour market or the fear of lower profitability ( Maurin, 2009 ) and increasing difficulties regarding professional and social integration ( Galland, 2007 ) result in the extension of youth as a life stage as well as in its transformation. In recent years, scholars have well documented a more complex, multifaceted, and extended transition to adulthood (Swartz, Hartmann & Rumbaut, 2017). Becoming adult means to be able to escape from familial and social dependency, to integrate into the labour market and to avoid ‘misleading trajectories’ (Walther A., Stauber B. et al., 2002; Walther, 2006 ). Nowadays many young people face a dilemma over whether to start a family and raise children or continue studying and develop a professional life. And indeed, many young people continue their education whilst also having a part-time internship or a flexible job, many go back and forth between precarious jobs that used to be permanent. Moreover, this complexification of youth pathways goes hand-in-hand with increasing social inequalities and fractures among young people worldwide as social polarization has been intensified by the economic crises, the spread of neo-liberal ideas and economic policies and the reforms and dismantling of the welfare state. ‘The inequality of life chances is all too conspicuous, and that is precisely what produces a particular tension and explosive force: the sphere of experience of the ‘global generations’ may be globalized but it is simultaneously characterized by sharp dividing lines and conflicts’ ( Beck & Beck-Gernsheim, 2009 : 26). It is therefore not surprising that young people in the twenty-first century see themselves as a generation facing new uncertainties, risks and threats ( Leccardi, 2005 ).

Conversely, young people have also taken advantage of new opportunities stemmed from globalization, especially regarding education and gender equality. In the realm of secondary and tertiary school enrollment, global trends are positive, as three quarters of youth aged 15 to 19 are now enrolled in upper secondary education, compared to less than half of them in 2000. And the proportion of young people aged 20 to 24 enrolled in tertiary education has doubled since: from 20 to 40 per cent. 8 This increase in education has effects on the job market, since young people with a tertiary level of education reached a stable job in one third of the time of youth with primary education. Moreover, statistics show that gender disparity has been declining in most regions, thanks to the support of dedicated programs such as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( unesco )’s net - med Youth project. 9 The number of girls and young women employed as contributing family workers or in other informal work arrangements is declining, while access to education and to high-skills job markets (such as coding for example) is rising. Moreover, many UN agencies have accelerated efforts to ensure the global abandonment of the practice of female genital mutilation by 2030. 10

Young people are also confronted with major innovations in the labour market due to the rise of automation and digital technologies – a shift in competencies requirement, and in employment status, towards less secure forms – and should be better placed to adapt to new jobs and continuous change. 11 Their habits of mobility, either real or virtual, enable them to develop adaptation skills, which are more than probably exactly what the future will require according to the discourses of the new spirit of capitalism (Boltanski & Chiappello, 2017).

  • 2 Opening a Cosmopolitan Window on the Global World

Understanding the great transformations highlighted above is the main concern of this Journal. One may ask whether the globalization of youth compels us to undertake an extensive reform of the disciplines devoted to the study of this age, or more modestly a change of paradigm, or at least an update of the concepts and methods. Discussing these questions is at the core of the Global Youth Studies editorial project.

To open this discussion, we have decided to start the Journal with an issue devoted to understanding the global generation through the lenses of the cosmopolitan approach. In the scientific literature, the adjective ‘cosmopolitan’ has been used in countless different and somewhat opposite ways since the emergence of cosmopolitan studies as a truly new paradigm ( Beck, 2006 ), a heuristic theoretical approach ( Delanty, 2012 ), and an empirical field of research in the social sciences (Kendall, Woodward, & Skrbis, 2009) during the past three decades. While we cannot provide a comprehensive overview of the word’s many different applications ( Vertovec & Cohen, 2002 ; Skrbis & Woodward, 2013 ), we shall focus on trying to understand how the cosmopolitan perspective can help appraise the transformation of youth in a global age.

The main concern of cosmopolitanism is to appraise how the transnational processes intertwining individuals beyond national borders reflect, magnify, and alter our relationship with the Other and the world at large ( Beck, 2006 ). As ‘the ‘global other’ is in our midst’ ( Beck & Grande, 2010: 417 ), the cosmopolitan approach focuses on how otherness and sameness, plurality and universality, openness and closure are handled by individuals ( Cicchelli, 2018 ). To use cosmopolitanism as a tool to understand youth conditions in a global world, we must move away from a theoretical and normative perspective in order to examine the tangible, ordinary mechanisms of global society that are shaping the cultural imaginaries and the lives of individuals today ( Cicchelli & Octobre, 2018 ). In fact, as the inclusion of the Other is a demanding challenge, this special issue endeavors to investigate in depth the processes – sinuous, unstable, ambiguous and reversible – of socialization to otherness and the question of belonging that has been altered by globalization.

As cosmopolitanism has now spread to a field of empirical research devoted to exploring a large array of practices among young people in a globalized world, the following two topics constitute the main foundation of this issue:

  • a) The scalar complexity of contemporary human action: the compound aspects of daily life that are both locally situated and tied to global flows of young people, products and ideas in a variety of different ways. In this issue, globalization as a structure and cosmopolitanism as a consciousness are clearly distinguished. In other words, this perspective takes for granted that transnational phenomena are building a connected world but that this world is common only to a certain extent. While globalization involves the comparative interaction of different forms of life ( Robertson, 1992 ), it does not necessarily engender the spread of cosmopolitan orientations and behaviors in our societies ( Roudometof, 2005 ).
  • b) The multiple ways in which ordinary young people engage in activities and/or construct identifications that surpass the territorial borders or symbolic boundaries of national groups. Cosmopolitanism among young people can conveniently be appraised as a concrete everyday lifestyle that myriad individuals across the world are able, compelled or willing to achieve.

3 The Rise and Fall of Cosmopolitanism: Criticizing Four Criticisms

As globalization is ambiguous in its effects on the inclusion of otherness, investigating cosmopolitanism through the prism of youth is a convenient way to write the topics of the great narrative of light and darkness of our times . However, one can criticize the cosmopolitan approach and consider it not adequate enough to account for the youth condition in a global world. This issue explores and discusses four major criticisms and provides a counter position to. In the first case, cosmopolitanism is too often considered as a natural consequence of globalization, while in the second as being too ethnocentric. In the third case, cosmopolitanism has been assimilated to the ideology of contemporary global capitalism and in the fourth case it is mocked as a mere utopia. The papers presented in this issue – ‘The Rise and Fall of Cosmopolitanism’ – draw upon a perspective that is no more idealistic or utopian than it is elitist or ideological.

  • 3.1 How Cosmopolitan is Global Youth?

It has been argued that globalization is a prerequisite for the emergence of cosmopolitan consciousness. Indeed, a society can be affected by globalization without being itself cosmopolitan. Even before globalization existed, as we conceive it today, certain philosophers and writers of the past wanted to believe in universalism ( Kleingeld & Brown, 2006 ). While globalization and cosmopolitanism have historical links, they are conceptually different ( Roudometof, 2005 ). The analysis of youth proposed in this issue borrows a certain number of tools from global studies in order to address the fact that the fate of every human being on the planet is linked to everyone else’s, independently of their country of birth or place of residence. However, does it mean that a global generation exists and that young people today are cosmopolitan?

The first two papers of this issue attempt to answer this question. Victor Roudometof starts with the assumption that as globalization brings forth a geographical and thematic expansion of the scope of youth studies, youth has become a topic for cosmopolitanism studies with a widespread tendency to use this approach as a master narrative that leaves no conceptual room for considering ‘non-cosmopolitan’ on an equal footing. Therefore, the author questions whether social research should be concerned with identifying the cosmopolitanism of youth or whether it should be concerned with examinations of the glocalization of world’s youth (sub-)cultures.

In the same vein, Christopher Thorpe and David Inglis wonder whether transnational ‘global generations’ really exist. In order to shed light on this matter, they examine Karl Mannheim’s classic statements about the sociology of generations, and recent developments of that work by Bryan Turner, and Ulrich Beck and Elizabeth Beck-Gernsheim. According to Mannheim, for a generation really to ‘exist’, it must possess a certain level of self-consciousness, being more than a demographic age cohort. In Thorpe and Inglis’ analysis, even if the original Mannheimian approach is open to criticism, it is still more attuned to globalization than critics usually think.

  • 3.2 An Ethnocentric Vision of Youth?

As cosmopolitanism has been in most cases theorized by European and Western thinkers, one can ask to what extent it can be applied to youth in the Global South and Global East. For these reasons, and even if Western theories still prove useful, they need to be ‘recalibrated when used in contexts much different from the places in which they were conceived’ (Cooper, Swartz & Mahali, 2018: 15). For authors critical of ethnocentrism, the aim is to produce a Youth Studies for the Global South and Global East, ‘a project which aspires to generate new knowledge that is widely applicable, rather than simply reinterpreting theories in new contexts’ (ibid.). While it has been roundly demonstrated that globalization is not limited to North America and Europe, cosmopolitanism, as a specific theory of global processes, still has a Western-centric viewpoint ( Pieterse, 2006 ). A true cosmopolitan approach must be plural in order to challenge the dominant ethnocentric accounts on the emergence and development of modern adolescence and youth all over the world (Cicchelli, Octobre, Riegel, Katz-Gerro & Handy, 2018) and to seize the multiplicity of glocalized youth lifestyles within multicultural societies.

In this vein, Virginie Silhouette-Dercourt, Ousseynou Saidou Sy, and Dominique Desjeux tackle this western-centrism by focusing on the beauty and sartorial choices of young French Muslim women in the Paris area. Through biographies on their morning rituals, their article questions the notion of cosmopolitanism when it comes to veiling practices. Their research suggests that these young women – as French citizens and as global citizens – are powerful agents of change of the dominant material culture and consumption. The authors argue that wearing the hijab can be conceptualized as a new form of cosmopolitanism that reframes a eurocentric view of conflicts between religious and secular discourses in postcolonial times.

  • 3.3 A New Ideology of Capitalism?

Some scholars suggest that a new kind of cosmopolitanism – called neo-cosmopolitanism ( Fine, 2007 ) – has emerged from contemporary capitalism, as the latter developed itself with global media and cultural industries and became consumerist, ‘addictive’ ( Amselle, 2013 ), compulsive, aestheticized ( Lipovetsky & Serroy, 2013 ) and ‘emotional’ (Illouz, 2006). It would be relevant to ask whether the injunctions to be open-minded – at the core of the common definition of cosmopolitanism – are the ideological consequences of a new stage in the development of capitalism. The virtues of openness and curiosity could be viewed as injunctions necessary to maintain the functioning of an economic system whose trademark is the exaltation of cultural diversity. The globalization of cultural industries and the growing circulation of cultural products, facilitated by the rise of digital technologies and social networks, expedite the internationalization of cultural repertoires and consumption patterns among young people, who are the most engaged in cultural participation and in digital media ( Octobre, 2018 ), and nurtures various forms of aesthetic and/or cultural cosmopolitanism (Cicchelli, Octobre & Riegel, 2019). In a critical vein, this aesthetic and/or cultural cosmopolitanism is often considered a fake cosmopolitanism because of its banal, disseminated and consumerist nature compared to the political or ethical cosmopolitan orientations ( Binnie & Skeggs, 2004 ; Germann Molz, 2011).

By taking very seriously the pervasiveness of culture in the global world and the link between production and consumption, Motti Regev’s paper propose a sociological framework for understanding the functioning of pop-rock music, as an agent in thrusting cosmopolitan youth identities, and thereby cultural cosmopolitanism in general. His article discusses the functioning of pop-rock as a realm of content and meaning for youth identities across the world.

Yet there is a political use of global imaginaries stemmed from the consumption of globalised cultural products. For Howie and Campbell (2017) , The Hunger Games novels and films can be read more than one way, including as moments that imagine the future in ‘other terms’ and are, in this sense, possible catalysts for change, for hope. Moreover, many young people around the world – the Spanish Indignados , the global Occupy movement , the young people of the various and different revolutions in the so-called Arab Spring and those participating in, and caught up by, the riots in many cities in the UK during August 2011 – ‘voice their anxiety and anger about their experiences of uncertainties in a connected and transnational way’ (Kelly et al., 2018: 17). As it has been showed, these global protests are strongly related to the use of networks and digital communication technologies ( Castells, 2012 ).

The consumption of globalized products also encompasses a moral cosmopolitanism. Sonia Bookman and Tiffany Hall’s paper focuses on global brands and their growing involvement with corporate social responsibility on the one hand and questions if and how it facilitates expressions of everyday moral cosmopolitanism among youth on the other hand. Using an innovative Instagram research on toms and H&M, the authors investigate how young people develop cosmopolitan performances: ways of being, feeling, or acting cosmopolitan with the brand.

  • 3.4 Is Cosmopolitanism Sustainable in Hard Times?

In its long history, cosmopolitanism has always had some fierce enemies, some of whom are going through a revival. We are indeed witnessing an unpredictable upsurge of strong counter-cosmopolitan movements: the sharp decline of the European political project of welfare, peace and economic regulation (Brexit being its last twist), the return of nationalism, protectionism and the rejection of the Other (involving xenophobia, anti-semitism and islamophobia), the rise of far right parties and the multiplication of illiberal democracies, sovereigntist, populist and authoritarian governments, the development of racial divides and ethnic struggles. Consequently, what an accomplished cosmopolitan perspective of global youth needs is a detailed analysis of the different dynamics of post-national socialization, which takes into account how young people open up and close off to the enormous global diversity of lifestyles and world-views, how they develop the skills to move with ease through different multicultural societies, and on the contrary, how they cultivate fears that discourage any acts of solidarity or hospitality, instead pushing individuals to withdraw into a sphere of familiar faces.

In this vein, the article written by Massimo Pendenza and Dario Verderame is a clear example of the tensions of cosmopolitanism. They conducted a research on the impact of the economic, social and political crisis on young people openness and belonging to a truly political and social cosmopolitan project, such as the European Union. Since 2008, the European crisis, in its many forms, has brought about an increase in inequality and has loosened the bonds between EU citizens. Young people have been hit the hardest by the consequences of the crisis, as much in the short term as in the long term. Consequently, one would reasonably expect the European crisis to have affected young people’s sense of belonging to Europe and to the EU. Based on data stemmed from two surveys conducted in 2014 and 2018 among young university students in southern Italy, the authors discuss whether the crisis is the background for young people’s changed ‘cosmopolitan openness’, for their ideas about Europe, and for the depth and manner of their support for the EU.

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To cite only a few of them: Hall (1904) , Parsons (1942) , Hollingshead, (1949), Mannheim (1952, 1 st ed. 1928) , Eisenstadt (1956) , Coleman (1961) , Mead (1970) , Gillis (1974) , Hareven (1976) , Kett (1977) , Mitterauer (1991), Neubauer (1992) .

The United Nations General Assembly have adopted two resolutions - A/RES/50/81 and A/RES/62/126 - on 14 December 1996 and 18 December 2007 – to promote this program. See: https://www.un.org/development/desa/youth/world-programme-of-action-for-youth.html.

To indicate only a few: The Global Youth Development Index and Report : https://www.thecommonwealth-ilibrary.org/commonwealth/development/global-youth-development-index-and-report-2016_global_youth-2016-en ; The Global Youth Wellbeing Index : https://www.youthindex.org/full-report ;

Learning to Realize Education’s Promise : http://www.worldbank.org/en/publication/wdr2018 ;

Youth and Migration : https://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/wyr/2013/report.pdf;

World Youth Report : https://www.un.org/development/desa/youth/world-youth-report.html.

Policy Paper on Youth Autonomy : https://www.youthforum.org/sites/default/files/publication-pdfs/0166-13_PP_Employment_Final.pdf .






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  • Devanshi Goswami 3rd Year BA (Hons) Sociology Student, Amity Institute of Social Sciences, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
  • Rahul Singh 3rd Year BA (Hons) Sociology Student, Amity Institute of Social Sciences, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh
  • Dr. Rakesh Rai Assistant Professor, Amity Institute of Social Sciences, Amity University, Noida, Uttar Pradesh

Sociologists believe Globalization is a continuous process that involves interconnected changes in a multiplicity of spheres such as economic, cultural, geographical, political, and social. The process emphasizes the culminating integration of these aspects between nations, regions, communities, and even seemingly isolated places.

The cultural connotation of the term signifies the spread and amalgamation of values, norms, lifestyles, and behaviors. Whereas, the economic association of the same refers to the enlargement of capitalism to turn the whole world into an integrated economic system. Finally, the political implication of globalization roots in the development of forms of governance at the global scale, creating a cooperative environment within nations to abide by the enacted global policies and rules. These three fundamental aspects of globalization are fuelled by technological progress, the universal integration of communication technologies, and the global circulation of media.

India is the world's youngest country due to the large youth population present. This demographic dividend is a crucial phase for India's development. Thus, the situation presses on the need to analyze the impact of globalization on youth.

To aggregate all significant data and information, secondary data collection has been used as a research methodology. The secondary sources helped to collect, interpret and analyze data regarding the involvement of youth in promoting as well as applying the concept of Globalization. Various sources, ranging from Government data, Journal papers, Articles, and other online sources have been beneficial for research. Moreover, a survey was also conducted to support other sources, in the region of Delhi NCR. Due to the Covid-19 restrictions, the survey was conducted online, through the medium of ‘Google Meets’. The survey provided opinions of the youth which became the foundations of the research paper. The sources, both primary sources such as survey and secondary sources, are carefully chosen to ensure comprehension and relevance with the area of study.

Hon. Datuk Seri Mohammad Ali Rustom (2004). Youth and Globalism: A Perspective. World Assembly of Youth. Malaysia. World Assembly of Youth - Youth and Globalism: A Perspective (way.org.my)

Journal papers:

Jennifer Gidley (2001). Globalization and Its Impact on Youth. Journal of Future Studies. (PDF) Globalization and Its Impact on Youth | Jennifer Gidley - Academia.edu

Eric Beerkens (2006). Globalization: Definitions and Perspectives. Definitions of globalization (beerkens.info)

Dr. Richa Mishra (2015). Globalization and Socio-Economic challenges in India. Vol. 2, Issue-2. International Journal of Innovative Social Science & Humanities Research. International Journal of Innovative Social Science & Humanities Research (csirs.org.in)

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) (2011). Youth and Migration. Microsoft Word - Youth_and_Migration_Issue_Brief_2016 (un.org)

Cherreka Montgomery (2001). The Critical Role of Youth in Global Development. ICRW | PASSION. PROOF. POWER.

World Youth Report (2011). Asian Youth in the context of Rapid Globalization. rldYouth 2007 (un.org)

United Nations (2007). World Programme of Action for Youth (WPAY). Microsoft Word - wpay_text_final.doc (un.org)

Online sources:

United Nations For Youth (2005). Globalization WPAY | United Nations For Youth

National Geographic Society (2019). Globalization. Globalization | National Geographic Society

Peter Vanham (2019). A brief history of Globalization. A brief history of globalization | World Economic Forum (weforum.org)

Nicki Lisa Cole (2019). What is the meaning of Globalization in Sociology? What Is the Meaning of Globalization in Sociology? (thoughtco.com)

Konuk Yazar (2019). The Effects of Globalization on Young People. THE EFFECTS OF GLOBALIZATION ON YOUNG PEOPLE | İlim ve Medeniyet (ilimvemedeniyet.com)

World Youth Report (2003) Young People in a Globalizing World. 67829/q/w03 (un.org)

The Effect of Globalization on Young People. (2017). The Effect of Globalization on Young People - PHDessay.com

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Globalization: What Globalization Is and Its Impact Essay

Primary source data, secondary source data, comparative analysis.


Globalization is a complex phenomenon that has a big influence on various fields of human life, including economics, society, and culture. Even though trade between countries has existed since time immemorial, in the 21st-century, globalization has become an integral part of the world’s development. While businesses try to expand on a global scale, and countries’ economies are intertwined in the international network, several outcomes occur out of this process. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and evaluate the impact of globalization on the world economy, whether it is good or bad. To achieve this goal, a comprehensive review of the relevant literature will be conducted. The information will be extracted from both primary and secondary sources. The primary sources will include an interview and a chart, while the secondary sources will consist of scholarly articles and books published from the year 2015 forward. The main argument of this research is that even though globalization offers endless business opportunities, it has a number of effects that negatively influence the resources and the economy.

First of all, in order to understand this phenomenon, it is important to define the term “globalization.” Several researchers have conducted a thorough study of this subject. For example, Martell describes globalization as “the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away” 1 . It is a complex and multidimensional mechanism that allows a local business subdivision to integrate into the global economic system. The biggest companies of the 21st century are no longer limited to one country; they have become more multinational: businesses from several countries exchange resources, money, data, and employees. Nowadays, international relations are becoming more intense not only in politics but in the economy as well. Moreover, globalization has a significant influence on the distribution of not only skilled and unskilled labor but of capital and labor as well, both locally and globally. The tendencies of this process were analyzed by experts, for example, in the research by Chandy and Seidel, where they presented globalization trends in the form of a chart (Figure 1).

Globalization Trends, 1870-20152

The chart above demonstrates how the GDP of the U.S. was changing while the global population was also growing. The diagram includes the analysis of foreign capital stock, merchandise exports, and migrant stock. According to it, it becomes evident that even though the world GDP was high during the 1910s, the global economy is more integrated in the 21st century. However, the researchers also point out that the economy of the U.S. is a relatively closed economy, which is surprising. Nevertheless, the study states that “it accounts for only 11 percent of global trade volumes, which is far below its 24 percent share of global GDP” 2 . In addition, despite the attempts to find evidence of the recession of globalization, Chandy and Seidel did not manage to present any. It means that the trend keeps developing as money, goods, and people continue to move around the world.

It is evident that one cannot talk about globalization without mentioning international companies. Global corporations are defined by the fact that they execute business in at least two countries 3 . They conduct various types of economic activities, for example, foreign investment, managing plants in different countries to avoid transaction costs. An example of an international firm that obtains cost advantages through foreign investments in international plants is Apple Inc.

To understand how companies conduct business internationally, several types of multinational corporations must be indicated: economists usually divide them into four categories. The first type of firm is determined by the fact that it has a strong presence in its home country. Another category is characterized by acquiring cost advantage through the means of buying cheaper resources in other countries, despite being controlled by one central office. The third type is a company that is based on the Research and Development of the parent corporation. The fourth and final category is a transnational business, which includes all features that are peculiar to the corporations that were mentioned above 3 . Since global companies generally combine different approaches to business, sometimes it can be hard to distinguish between these four categories. Nestle S.A. may serve as an example of a big transnational corporation that conducts its financial operations in many countries outside of the headquarters.

Since globalization is a complicated phenomenon, many analysts and businessmen have different views on its impact. For instance, the former Director-General of the World Trade Organization, Pascal Lamy, expressed his point of view in the interview, “Can Europe Civilize Globalization?”. Despite the fact that the concerns about European civilization may recede due to this process, he states that he does not see globalization as a threat. Instead, he sees it as a reality that has to be dealt with in a professional way. Lamy explains his opinion by pointing out the fact that some European countries have managed to gain more benefits than others by means of global trade 4 . As examples, he presents Sweden and Germany, which, during the last decades of the 20th century, conducted structural reforms that allowed them to get profit from international trade.

Moreover, Lamy notes that globalization presents new challenges for businesses. They include promoting “more actively global norms in the environmental and job protection, health protection, than the reduction of trade barriers that have been now largely operated worldwide”4. In other words, the ex-director of WTO believes that this process can have a positive impact on Europe’s economy as it provides opportunities for countries to develop and grow their benefits.

As for other researchers, Burlacu, Gutu, and Matei overview both sides of globalization, pointing out positive and negative impacts. For example, the advantages include reducing the economic isolation of poor countries as they are given the opportunity to sell their goods on the global market and participate in the trade 5 . Moreover, as the economy expands, the information does it as well. It means that access to education becomes more easy and available, which increases the number of professionals who are capable of expanding and developing the business even further. In addition, according to the study, globalization “enhances the speed of commercial, financial, and technological operations”5. It can be seen even nowadays as new products and devices continue to appear on the market every year. Furthermore, globalization ensures the efficiency of the entire economic activity on a global scale.

Other researchers have also pointed out several positive aspects of this process. For example, Parente et al. talk about the sharing economy, which is a new phenomenon. Their study indicated that due to internet globalization, some companies managed to perform business online, which helped them to expand around the world and raise funds 6 . Therefore, globalization allowed firms to achieve worldwide success at an unprecedented pace. Furthermore, Martell et al. elaborated on reasons for how exactly the internalization changed economic activities. The reasons included “the speeding up of global interactions and processes as a result of the development of transport and communications”1. In other words, the spread of resources, ideas, capital, and products accelerated, which allowed businesses to develop quicker.

However, aside from positive results that can come from globalization, researchers also indicate some negative aspects to it. For instance, Burlacu et al. Note that harmful effects include an international security deficit and an increased amount of illegal migrations5. Globalization opened borders for a large number of people to move to other countries illegally. Moreover, it allowed corrupt businessmen to employ these migrants and make them work for a lesser wage, which is a violation of human rights. Moreover, economists believe that nowadays, the export of human resources has risen, which means that some countries have lost intellectual potential5. The other downsides include the deterioration of the environment, which is caused by the rapid growth of the economy.

While rethinking the effects of globalization, Broner and Ventura elaborated on the negative consequences that it can bring to domestic markets. The researchers gathered data from other scholars and concluded that “financial globalization, in addition to providing a new, cheaper source of funding for emerging markets, can have indirect effects by affecting the workings of domestic financial markets” 7 . For example, according to them, with the rise of globalization, the incidence of domestic financial crises also grows. In addition, Mamedov et al. discusses the impact on traditional economies, which, according to the study, will reach a new level of their development 8 . It is difficult to say whether such changes are positive or not since some people may be reluctant to abandon the old economic structures.

As it can be observed, primary sources and secondary sources seem to express various opinions about globalization. First and foremost, most of them seem to agree that this phenomenon is relatively new and only recently began to spread. However, then the standpoints start to differ among experts. While the interview with Lamy demonstrates that the former leader of the World Trade Organization seems optimistic about it, such secondary sources as scholarly articles and books differentiate in positions.

Some researchers identify the internalization of the economy as a beneficial process that can create new opportunities for countries to develop and expand their businesses. However, other studies make a link between globalization and several other problems, such as environmental deterioration, security issues, and the increasing number of domestic crises. The last factor is especially interesting since it contradicts the general assumption that increased international trade opportunities can improve the country’s welfare.

Moreover, the recent events that were caused by the outbreak of coronavirus exposed vulnerabilities in the current globalized economy. Since traveling is restricted, the transportation of resources has become difficult. While big international corporations managed to stay afloat, some local firms were forced to shut down, and the suspension of one company factory can lead to a closing of another. Experts argue that such an intertwined international economic relationship is what caused changes in a global supply chain, and overall, stock declines 9 . The current situation provided proof that globalization may not be that good for the world economy.

While the system offers opportunities for businesses to grow, it also has some loopholes and weak points that seriously damage the economy of not only one country but of the whole world. Moreover, the situation with the pandemic supports the argument made by Broner and Ventura. The outbreak caused domestic market crises in Asian countries, and then in Europe and America, which significantly affected the global economy. Even the help of Widespread Disease Emergency Financing Facility 10 would not be enough to restore all financial damage. As the recession of the international market became apparent, businesses in other countries have also suffered.

In addition, the environmental aspect of globalization is also important since it affects the increasing deficiency of natural resources. While companies are trying to expand their business everywhere, new factories and new plants are built around the world. While new products and new technology continue to appear on the market and the demand grows, more damage is inflicted upon the environment by the constant production.

Moreover, the higher need for transportation means that more fossil fuels are used, causing harm to the climate. There is no doubt that such issues can be resolved with the creation of new technology. However, the process of development is complicated and expensive, which can lead to additional expenditures. It can cause more federal budget deficits and increased government debt; therefore, the economy is also negatively affected by environmental issues of globalization.

For this reason, it can be said that despite all the positive aspects of globalization, it definitely has several downsides. Internationalization brought not only different cultures but the economies of various countries together, allowing businesses to grow and reach financial benefits. Furthermore, it opened opportunities for people to find jobs and expand their profit. Nevertheless, the current system is vulnerable during difficult situations, and if there is a crisis in one country, it tends to spread to others like dominoes, because the economies are deeply connected. Moreover, globalization also causes harm to other fields of human life, which are can also negatively influence not only the financial state of a particular country but the economy of the world as well.

It is evident that more research needs to be conducted as the process of globalization is complex and ongoing. There are several topics that can be further explored while studying the impact of globalization on the world’s economy. For example, one can investigate the methods that can be implemented to minimize the negative consequences of globalization that were described earlier in this paper. In order to obtain the information, one can look through the suggestions of other researchers, analyze them, and select the ones that seem the most effective.

Moreover, as the current situation with the outbreak has a major impact on the international economy, it would be interesting to study the experts’ opinions on how it will affect globalization. A huge amount of relevant information can be gathered from recent interviews, news, and scholarly articles. In conclusion, it would appear that the topic of globalization and its influence is broad and can provide a good starting point for further discussion and analysis.

Chandy, Laurence, and Brina Seidel. “Donald Trump and the future of globalization.” The Brookings Institution , 2016. Web.

Broner, Fernando, and Jaume Ventura. “Rethinking the Effects of Financial Globalization.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 131, no. 3 (2016): 1497-1542.

Burlacu, Sorin, Corneliu Gutu, and Florin Octavian Matei. “Globalization – Pros and Cons.” Calitatea 19, no. S1 (2018): 122-125.

Lamy, Pascal. “Interview. Can Europe Civilize Globalization?”, The Federalist Debate 28, no. 1 (2015): 60-63.

Mamedov, Oktay, Irina Movchan, Oksana Ishchenko-Padukova, and Monika Grabowska. “Traditional Economy: Innovations, Efficiency and Globalization.” Economics & Sociology 9, no. 2 (2016): 61.

Martell, Luke. The Sociology of Globalization . John Wiley & Sons, 2016.

Parente, Ronaldo C., José-Mauricio G. Geleilate, and Ke Rong. “The Sharing Economy Globalization Phenomenon: A Research Agenda.” Journal of International Management 24, no. 1 (2018): 52-64.

  • Sułkowski, Łukasz. “Covid-19 Pandemic; Recession, Virtual Revolution Leading to De-globalization?”, Journal of Intercultural Management 12, no. 1 (2020): 1-11.
  • Luke Martell. The Sociology of Globalization (John Wiley & Sons, 2016), 10.
  • Laurence Chandy and Brina Seidel. “Donald Trump and the future of globalization.” The Brookings Institution , 2016.
  • Lecture on Multinational Corporation (MNC)
  • Pascal Lamy. “Interview. Can Europe Civilize Globalization?”, The Federalist Debate 28, no. 1 (2015): 60.
  • Burlacu, Sorin, Corneliu Gutu, and Florin Octavian Matei. “Globalization – Pros and Cons.” Calitatea 19, no. S1 (2018): 124.
  • Parente, Ronaldo C., José-Mauricio G. Geleilate, and Ke Rong. “The Sharing Economy Globalization Phenomenon: A Research Agenda.” Journal of International Management 24, no. 1 (2018): 53.
  • Broner, Fernando, and Jaume Ventura. “Rethinking the Effects of Financial Globalization.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 131, no. 3 (2016): 1533.
  • Mamedov, Oktay, Irina Movchan, Oksana Ishchenko-Padukova, and Monika Grabowska. “Traditional Economy: Innovations, Efficiency, and Globalization.” Economics & Sociology 9, no. 2 (2016): 61.
  • Lecture on the World Bank
  • Chicago (A-D)
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IvyPanda. (2022, February 16). Globalization: What Globalization Is and Its Impact. https://ivypanda.com/essays/globalization-what-globalization-is-and-its-impact/

"Globalization: What Globalization Is and Its Impact." IvyPanda , 16 Feb. 2022, ivypanda.com/essays/globalization-what-globalization-is-and-its-impact/.

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IvyPanda . 2022. "Globalization: What Globalization Is and Its Impact." February 16, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/globalization-what-globalization-is-and-its-impact/.

1. IvyPanda . "Globalization: What Globalization Is and Its Impact." February 16, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/globalization-what-globalization-is-and-its-impact/.

IvyPanda . "Globalization: What Globalization Is and Its Impact." February 16, 2022. https://ivypanda.com/essays/globalization-what-globalization-is-and-its-impact/.

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✍️Essay on Globalisation: Samples in 100, 150 and 200 Words

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Essay on Globalisation

Globalisation means the combination of economies and societies with the help of information, ideas, technology, finance, goods, services, and people. It is a process where multinational companies work on their international standing and conduct operations internationally or overseas. Over the years, Globalisation has had a profound impact on various aspects of society. Today we will be discussing what globalisation is and how it came into existence with the essay on globalisation listed below.

Table of Contents

  • 1 How Globalisation Came Into Existence?
  • 2 Essay on Globalisation in 100 Words
  • 3 Essay on Globalisation in 150 Words
  • 4 Essay on Globalisation in 200 Words

How Globalisation Came Into Existence?

For all those unaware, the concepts of globalisation first emerged in the 20th century. Here are some of the key events which led to the development of globalisation in today’s digital world.

  • The ancient Silk Route as well as the maritime routes led to the exchange of goods, ideas and culture in several countries. Although these were just trade routes, but later became important centres for cultural exchange.
  • Other than this, the European colonial expansion which took place from the 15th to the 20th century led to the setting up of global markets where both knowledge and people were transferred to several developing countries. 
  • The evolution and exchange of mass media, cinema and the internet further led to the widespread dissemination of cultures and ideas.

Also Read: Essay on the Importance of the English Language for Students

Essay on Globalisation in 100 Words

Globalization, the interconnectedness of nations through trade, technology, and cultural exchange, has reshaped the world. It has enabled the free flow of goods and information, fostering economic growth and cultural diversity. However, it also raises challenges such as income inequality and cultural homogenization. 

In a globalized world, businesses expand internationally, but local industries can suffer. Moreover, while globalization promotes shared knowledge, it can erode local traditions. Striking a balance between the benefits and drawbacks of globalization is essential to ensure a more equitable and culturally diverse global community, where economies thrive without leaving anyone behind.

Also Read: Essay on Save Environment: Samples in 100, 200, 300 Words

Essay on Globalisation in 150 Words

Globalization is the process of increasing interconnectedness and interdependence among countries, economies, and cultures. It has transformed the world in various ways.

Economically, globalization has facilitated the flow of goods, services, and capital across borders. This has boosted economic growth and reduced poverty in many developing nations. However, it has also led to income inequality and job displacement in some regions.

Culturally, globalization has resulted in the spread of ideas, values, and cultural products worldwide. While this fosters cultural exchange and diversity, it also raises concerns about cultural homogenization.

Technologically, globalization has been driven by advances in communication and transportation. The internet and smartphones have connected people across the globe, allowing for rapid information dissemination and collaboration.

In conclusion, globalization is a complex phenomenon with both benefits and challenges. It has reshaped the world, bringing people closer together, but also highlighting the need for responsible governance and policies to address its downsides.

Also Read: Essay on Unity in Diversity in 100 to 200 Words

Essay on Globalisation in 200 Words

Globalization, a multifaceted phenomenon, has reshaped the world over the past few decades. It involves the interconnectedness of economies, cultures, and societies across the globe. In this essay, we will briefly discuss its key aspects and impacts.

Economically, globalization has led to increased international trade and investment. It has allowed companies to expand operations globally, leading to economic growth in many countries. However, it has also resulted in income inequality and job displacement in some regions.

Culturally, globalization has facilitated the exchange of ideas, values, and traditions. This has led to a more diverse and interconnected world where cultures blend, but it can also challenge local traditions and languages.

Socially, globalization has improved access to information and technology. It has connected people across borders, enabling global activism and awareness of worldwide issues. Nonetheless, it has also created challenges like cybercrime and privacy concerns.

In conclusion, globalization is a double-edged sword. It offers economic opportunities, cultural exchange, and global connectivity, but it also brings about disparities, cultural tensions, and new global challenges. To navigate this complex landscape, the world must strive for responsible globalization that balances the interests of all stakeholders and promotes inclusivity and sustainability.

Related Articles

The movement of goods, technologies, information, and jobs between countries is referred to as globalisation. 

Globalization as a phenomenon began with the earliest human migratory routes, or with Genghis Khan’s invasions, or travel across the Silk Road.

Globalisation allows wealthy nations to access cheaper labour and resources, while also providing opportunity for developing and underdeveloped nations with the jobs and investment capital they require.

For more information on such interesting topics, visit our essay-writing page and follow Leverage Edu ! 

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Globalization and Its Effects on the Youth

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2014, Revive Magazine

GLOBALIZATION has no easy definition. The term has been used variously and has come to mean various things to various people. Consequently, what it means in politics may differ from what it means in economics, and what it means in literature may differ from what it means in culture. Simply described, globalization is the easing of interconnectivity between communities, cultures, countries, currencies, commodities, concepts, cuisines, and civilizations. However, the process of easing is not so easy as well; because, the easing also gives rise to more walls raised by those who are afraid of losing individual identity and value under the crashing waves of globalization. Therefore, while there is internet and information explosion on one side, there is also cyber terrorism and terrorist explosions on the other side; and while there is the rise of liberalism on one side, there is also the strengthening of fundamentalism on the other. But, what kind of impact has all this on the youth?

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This study aims at realizing the trends of employees of the higher Council for youth towards globalization and its impacts on the social, economic and political life of youth. It was applied on (1150) employees, "185" of whom were selected randomly to represent the study sample.The mechanism of such survey was prepared and submitted to a number of arbitrators specialized in this domain, and the its consistency calculated by the repetition method and reached 0.85.The Survey concluded that there is a clear impact of globalization on youth in Jordan, represented in the increase of individualism on the expense of pluralism and in the wide spread unemployment among youth. In addition, the impact of globalization was negative on the adherence of youth to social traditions and customs.The survey also showed that there are no differences in the trends of employees of the higher council for youth toward globalization, that its impacts are attributed to sex and accommodation and that there are no statistically significant differences of attributed to academic qualifications and work experiences.The survey recommended the necessity of finding means and ways to deal with youth in correspondence with the new reality and in a way maintaining social tradition and customs as well as the society and its entity, without affecting the economic, social and political freedom of the individual. Introduction: Globalization is one of the terms handled recently and is derived from the word "global", but it doesn't exist in the Arabic dictionaries. Many people think that Globalization doesn't only mean the geographic extension, but it contains other dimensions such as the human being behavior and feelings, in other words, it means universality. Other group of people considers it as a term referring to the process in which the regional or local phenomena turns into universal phenomena and the whole community turns into one community. Globalization isn't new to this century exclusively, but it dates back to the fifteenth century when it emerged clearly and its direct impact started to appear on most countries of the world after the deterioration of the Soviet Union and America's seizure to the oneness power in the world. Moreover, attempting to change the world by force under what is called "the new world system". The attempts intended to adopting the concept and significance of globalization was limited to describing this phenomena but it didn't reach its goal. It was limited also to being an American process aiming at disseminating the American culture.

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Globalization is a term in heavy current usage but meaning remains obscure, often even among those who invoke it (Simon 1998). There are plentiful ways of defining globalization. According to Anthony McGrew, it is a process through which events, decisions and activities in one part of the world can come to have a significant consequence for individuals and communities in quite distant parts of the globe. Whereas in the view of Philip Cerny, globalization redefines the relationship between territoriality and authority, shifting authority from the level of the state to supranational and subnational units. It could also be explained as the inexorable integration of markets, nation-states, and technologies to a degree never witnessed before-in a way that is enabling individuals, corporations and nation-states to reach around the world farther, faster, deeper and cheaper than ever before . . . . the spread of free-market capitalism to virtually every country in the world " (Thomas 2012),. This essay looks into aspects that globalization has had impacts on Chinese youth.

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  1. 100 Words Essay on Globalization And Its Impact On Youth

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