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Environmental Pollution Essay

Pollution is the presence and inclusion of unwanted items in the environment. The state of the environment is altered when it has become contaminated with potentially dangerous compounds as a result of human activity. Water, air, and land are dangerously affected by the pollution. Here are a few sample essays on environmental pollution:

100 Words Essay on Environmental Pollution

200 words essay on environmental pollution, 500 words essay on environmental pollution.

Environmental Pollution Essay

When it comes to protecting the environment, awareness is the key. As more and more people become aware of the causes, types, and impacts of environmental pollution, they are more likely to take steps to prevent it. Air pollution is created as a result of burning fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gas. Water pollution results from industrial activities, such as the dumping of chemicals into rivers and lakes, as well as from agricultural runoff. Land pollution is caused by the misuse of land and improper disposal of waste. The causes of environmental pollution are numerous and varied. Some of the main culprits are industrial activities, burning of fossil fuels, use of pesticides, and deforestation.

Awareness and taking necessary resolving steps is essential when it comes to protecting the environment from the impacts of environmental pollution. By teaching people the importance of taking steps to prevent environmental pollution, we can ensure a brighter future for our planet. We must understand the causes of environmental pollution, the types of pollution, the impact it has on the environment, and how we can prevent it.

Causes | Environmental pollution is the contamination of the environment through the emissions of pollutants including harmful gases, chemicals, and particulate matter. It is caused by human activities such as burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and industrial pollution. These activities have caused global warming, acid rain, and water and air pollution, leading to global environmental degradation.

Types | There are different types of environmental pollution. The most common type is air pollution, which is caused by burning of fuels and other industrial activities. Water pollution is another common type of pollution which is caused by sewage and industrial waste. Soil pollution is caused by overuse of pesticides and other chemicals. Noise pollution is caused by traffic, construction activities, and industrial noise. Light pollution is caused by the emission of artificial light.

Impact | The impact of environmental pollution is far-reaching and devastating. Air pollution can lead to respiratory diseases, while water pollution can contaminate drinking water and cause health issues. Land pollution causes reduction in soil fertility and even destruction of natural habitats for animals. In addition, it can lead to the destruction of ecosystems, which in turn leads to a decrease in biodiversity.

Environmental pollution has serious impacts on both humans and the environment. It affects air quality, water quality, soil fertility, and public health. Poor air quality affects the respiratory system, leading to respiratory illnesses like asthma and bronchitis. Water pollution can lead to the spread of diseases like cholera, typhoid, and dysentery. Soil pollution can reduce crop yields, leading to food insecurity.

Types of Environmental Pollution

Air | Air pollution is the introduction of dangerous compounds into the atmosphere, which has a negative influence on the environment and humanity. Air pollution simply makes the air impure or contaminated. It happens when noxious gases, scents, dust, or fumes are discharged into the air in concentrations that endanger human and animal comfort or health or even kill plant life.

Water | The act of contaminating water bodies, such as rivers, oceans, lakes, streams, aquifers, and groundwater, is known as water pollution. It happens when foreign, dangerous substances—such as chemicals, garbage, or polluted materials are released into bodies of water, either directly or indirectly.

Land | When the quality of the earth's land surfaces in terms of use, landscape, and capacity to support life forms is compromised or destroyed, this is referred to as land pollution. It is frequently brought on by human activity and the misuse of land resources, both directly and indirectly.

Soil | Chemical pollutants can pollute soil or cause it to degrade through activities like mining, clearing vegetation, or topsoil erosion. Typically, it occurs when human activities bring harmful chemicals, substances, or items into the soil.

Noise | Noise pollution is an unpleasant sound or a sound that causes excruciating ear pain. Noise pollution is described as unpleasant and unwanted sound levels that cause significant distress to all living beings. It is measured in decibels (dB).

Factors Responsible For Environmental Pollution

Environmental pollution has a variety of causes. One of the most prominent is the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil and gas by power plants, factories and automobiles. This produces large amounts of carbon dioxide, which is a major contributor to global climate change. Other sources of environmental pollution include agricultural practices, such as over-fertilization and the use of pesticides, and industrial processes, such as mining, manufacturing and waste disposal.

What Can We Do

To prevent environmental pollution, we must reduce the emissions of various pollutants. We can do this by switching to renewable sources of energy like solar, wind, and hydroelectric power. We should reduce our reliance on fossil fuels and use more efficient transportation methods. We should also reduce the emissions of harmful industrial chemicals and practise sustainable agriculture. Additionally, we should increase public awareness of environmental pollution and its impacts, and promote eco-friendly lifestyles.

By understanding the causes and effects of environmental pollution, we can work towards preventing it and ensuring a cleaner, healthier environment for all. Awarness and knowledge is essential in this regard, as it helps us to become more conscious and informed citizens. It helps us understand the importance of protecting and preserving the environment and make us more responsible citizens.

The world is facing an ever-growing threat from pollution, which if left unchecked will have catastrophic consequences. Education and taking conscious action plan can play a key role in helping to reduce environmental pollution.

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Essay on Pollution

An essay on pollution is an essential concept for students as it reveals the consequences of human activities on the environment. Read on to explore how to write an intriguing and engaging essay on pollution.

Essay on Pollution – Important Guidelines

Please consider adopting the following suggestions when writing an essay on pollution. Moreover, these suggestions will be helpful for most other essays as well.

  • Begin with an introductory paragraph, preferably highlighting the history or insight of the topic.
  • Try to avoid jargon unless the topic demands so.
  • Use bulleted points to present content wherever possible
  • Incorporate factual data, such as dates, names and places wherever possible.
  • Avoid writing a large monotonous block of text. Always break up the content into easily digestible chunks
  • Try to conclude the essay with a closing paragraph.

Essay on Pollution – Sample 1

Pollution had existed long before humans evolved. For instance, volcanic eruptions commonly pumped massive amounts of sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere, causing acid rain. The greenhouse gas, ozone, forms from natural, photochemical reactions in the atmosphere. 

However, significant levels of pollution occurred only after the Industrial Revolution, when untreated exhausts and toxic waste products were released into the environment. Air pollution was rampant, with thick, toxic smog covering most towns and cities. Water pollution affected many water bodies. Toxic substances leached into the soil, hampering the soil quality.

Today, there have been many measures to curb the effects of pollution, but its repercussions can still be observed. For instance, the land and sea ice near the poles have been decreasing at an alarming rate. This has led to the debate regarding climatic factors and their impact on our environment. There was a time when lead used to be added to motor fuel. This substance, combined with the world’s increasing demand for motor vehicles, caused a spike in air pollution. What made this air pollution more dangerous is the fact that the air had high levels of lead.

Lead is toxic and can cause a vast array of health problems. The most common illnesses are neurological in nature. Lead can also travel through the placenta, between a mother and her unborn child. Moreover, young children and infants are even more sensitive to lead. They can develop learning deficits, behavioural problems and also a low IQ.

Furthermore, some studies have arrived at a “lead-crime postulate”, where children who were exposed to high levels of lead were more likely to indulge in criminal activities. This correlation was made as to the crime rates during the 1980s, and early 1990s were rather high. Lead can also cause neurological effects on vertebrates and impair the reproductive capabilities of plants. More ominously, lead can be absorbed into the tissues of such organisms, and they can pass it on to us when we consume them.

Technological progress also brings newer forms of pollution. Radioactive pollution is one of the rarer types of pollution. This type of pollution occurs naturally as well – elements such as uranium and thorium are present in rocks and soil. Carbon-14 is a radioactive isotope of carbon naturally present in all living organisms. It is created by cosmic rays. However, these natural sources of radiation are of little concern. Only anthropogenic sources of radioactivity are considered lethal sources of pollution. For instance, the Chernobyl nuclear disaster is the most publicised nuclear disaster ever to occur. The total death count was documented to be at 16,000. However, unofficial reports indicated that the death toll was much higher. Most deaths occurred due to acute radiation poisoning and many other deaths were caused due to radioactivity-induced cancer. Though it has been more than a few decades, radioactivity still persists around the site of the nuclear reactor. Efforts to contain the radioactivity included building the Shelter Structure, more popularly known as the “sarcophagus”. It was built in December 1986 and enclosed the reactor, preventing radiation from leaking through the building. 

Though the levels of pollution have dropped down since the industrial revolution, we still see many repercussions to this day. Following are some extreme cases of pollution caused by anthropological activities.

The Great Smog of London was a severe case of air pollution that occurred in 1952. The event caused massive disruption by severely affecting visibility. It also caused a variety of respiratory illnesses in 1,00,000 individuals and the death of over 4,000 as a direct result of the smog. 

In India, pollution is even more rampant. Delhi has recorded one of the worst cases of air pollution, with the air rated as “hazardous” in November 2017.

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Further Reading: Water Pollution

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Pollution is the introduction of harmful materials into the environment. These harmful materials are called pollutants.

Biology, Ecology, Health, Earth Science, Geography

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Pollution is the introduction of harmful materials into the environment . These harmful materials are called pollutants . Pollutants can be natural, such as volcanic ash . They can also be created by human activity, such as trash or runoff produced by factories. Pollutants damage the quality of air, water, and land. Many things that are useful to people produce pollution. Cars spew pollutants from their exhaust pipes. Burning coal to create electricity pollutes the air. Industries and homes generate garbage and sewage that can pollute the land and water. Pesticides —chemical poisons used to kill weeds and insects— seep into waterways and harm wildlife . All living things—from one-celled microbes to blue whales—depend on Earth ’s supply of air and water. When these resources are polluted, all forms of life are threatened. Pollution is a global problem. Although urban areas are usually more polluted than the countryside, pollution can spread to remote places where no people live. For example, pesticides and other chemicals have been found in the Antarctic ice sheet . In the middle of the northern Pacific Ocean, a huge collection of microscopic plastic particles forms what is known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch . Air and water currents carry pollution. Ocean currents and migrating fish carry marine pollutants far and wide. Winds can pick up radioactive material accidentally released from a nuclear reactor and scatter it around the world. Smoke from a factory in one country drifts into another country. In the past, visitors to Big Bend National Park in the U.S. state of Texas could see 290 kilometers (180 miles) across the vast landscape . Now, coal-burning power plants in Texas and the neighboring state of Chihuahua, Mexico have spewed so much pollution into the air that visitors to Big Bend can sometimes see only 50 kilometers (30 miles). The three major types of pollution are air pollution , water pollution , and land pollution . Air Pollution Sometimes, air pollution is visible . A person can see dark smoke pour from the exhaust pipes of large trucks or factories, for example. More often, however, air pollution is invisible . Polluted air can be dangerous, even if the pollutants are invisible. It can make people’s eyes burn and make them have difficulty breathing. It can also increase the risk of lung cancer . Sometimes, air pollution kills quickly. In 1984, an accident at a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, released a deadly gas into the air. At least 8,000 people died within days. Hundreds of thou sands more were permanently injured. Natural disasters can also cause air pollution to increase quickly. When volcanoes erupt , they eject volcanic ash and gases into the atmosphere . Volcanic ash can discolor the sky for months. After the eruption of the Indonesian volcano of Krakatoa in 1883, ash darkened the sky around the world. The dimmer sky caused fewer crops to be harvested as far away as Europe and North America. For years, meteorologists tracked what was known as the “equatorial smoke stream .” In fact, this smoke stream was a jet stream , a wind high in Earth’s atmosphere that Krakatoa’s air pollution made visible. Volcanic gases , such as sulfur dioxide , can kill nearby residents and make the soil infertile for years. Mount Vesuvius, a volcano in Italy, famously erupted in 79, killing hundreds of residents of the nearby towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Most victims of Vesuvius were not killed by lava or landslides caused by the eruption. They were choked, or asphyxiated , by deadly volcanic gases. In 1986, a toxic cloud developed over Lake Nyos, Cameroon. Lake Nyos sits in the crater of a volcano. Though the volcano did not erupt, it did eject volcanic gases into the lake. The heated gases passed through the water of the lake and collected as a cloud that descended the slopes of the volcano and into nearby valleys . As the toxic cloud moved across the landscape, it killed birds and other organisms in their natural habitat . This air pollution also killed thousands of cattle and as many as 1,700 people. Most air pollution is not natural, however. It comes from burning fossil fuels —coal, oil , and natural gas . When gasoline is burned to power cars and trucks, it produces carbon monoxide , a colorless, odorless gas. The gas is harmful in high concentrations , or amounts. City traffic produces highly concentrated carbon monoxide. Cars and factories produce other common pollutants, including nitrogen oxide , sulfur dioxide, and hydrocarbons . These chemicals react with sunlight to produce smog , a thick fog or haze of air pollution. The smog is so thick in Linfen, China, that people can seldom see the sun. Smog can be brown or grayish blue, depending on which pollutants are in it. Smog makes breathing difficult, especially for children and older adults. Some cities that suffer from extreme smog issue air pollution warnings. The government of Hong Kong, for example, will warn people not to go outside or engage in strenuous physical activity (such as running or swimming) when smog is very thick.

When air pollutants such as nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide mix with moisture, they change into acids . They then fall back to earth as acid rain . Wind often carries acid rain far from the pollution source. Pollutants produced by factories and power plants in Spain can fall as acid rain in Norway. Acid rain can kill all the trees in a forest . It can also devastate lakes, streams, and other waterways. When lakes become acidic, fish can’t survive . In Sweden, acid rain created thousands of “ dead lakes ,” where fish no longer live. Acid rain also wears away marble and other kinds of stone . It has erased the words on gravestones and damaged many historic buildings and monuments . The Taj Mahal , in Agra, India, was once gleaming white. Years of exposure to acid rain has left it pale. Governments have tried to prevent acid rain by limiting the amount of pollutants released into the air. In Europe and North America, they have had some success, but acid rain remains a major problem in the developing world , especially Asia. Greenhouse gases are another source of air pollution. Greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane occur naturally in the atmosphere. In fact, they are necessary for life on Earth. They absorb sunlight reflected from Earth, preventing it from escaping into space. By trapping heat in the atmosphere, they keep Earth warm enough for people to live. This is called the greenhouse effect . But human activities such as burning fossil fuels and destroying forests have increased the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This has increased the greenhouse effect, and average temperatures across the globe are rising. The decade that began in the year 2000 was the warmest on record. This increase in worldwide average temperatures, caused in part by human activity, is called global warming . Global warming is causing ice sheets and glaciers to melt. The melting ice is causing sea levels to rise at a rate of two millimeters (0.09 inches) per year. The rising seas will eventually flood low-lying coastal regions . Entire nations, such as the islands of Maldives, are threatened by this climate change . Global warming also contributes to the phenomenon of ocean acidification . Ocean acidification is the process of ocean waters absorbing more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Fewer organisms can survive in warmer, less salty waters. The ocean food web is threatened as plants and animals such as coral fail to adapt to more acidic oceans. Scientists have predicted that global warming will cause an increase in severe storms . It will also cause more droughts in some regions and more flooding in others. The change in average temperatures is already shrinking some habitats, the regions where plants and animals naturally live. Polar bears hunt seals from sea ice in the Arctic. The melting ice is forcing polar bears to travel farther to find food , and their numbers are shrinking. People and governments can respond quickly and effectively to reduce air pollution. Chemicals called chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are a dangerous form of air pollution that governments worked to reduce in the 1980s and 1990s. CFCs are found in gases that cool refrigerators, in foam products, and in aerosol cans . CFCs damage the ozone layer , a region in Earth’s upper atmosphere. The ozone layer protects Earth by absorbing much of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet radiation . When people are exposed to more ultraviolet radiation, they are more likely to develop skin cancer, eye diseases, and other illnesses. In the 1980s, scientists noticed that the ozone layer over Antarctica was thinning. This is often called the “ ozone hole .” No one lives permanently in Antarctica. But Australia, the home of more than 22 million people, lies at the edge of the hole. In the 1990s, the Australian government began an effort to warn people of the dangers of too much sun. Many countries, including the United States, now severely limit the production of CFCs. Water Pollution Some polluted water looks muddy, smells bad, and has garbage floating in it. Some polluted water looks clean, but is filled with harmful chemicals you can’t see or smell. Polluted water is unsafe for drinking and swimming. Some people who drink polluted water are exposed to hazardous chemicals that may make them sick years later. Others consume bacteria and other tiny aquatic organisms that cause disease. The United Nations estimates that 4,000 children die every day from drinking dirty water. Sometimes, polluted water harms people indirectly. They get sick because the fish that live in polluted water are unsafe to eat. They have too many pollutants in their flesh. There are some natural sources of water pollution. Oil and natural gas, for example, can leak into oceans and lakes from natural underground sources. These sites are called petroleum seeps . The world’s largest petroleum seep is the Coal Oil Point Seep, off the coast of the U.S. state of California. The Coal Oil Point Seep releases so much oil that tar balls wash up on nearby beaches . Tar balls are small, sticky pieces of pollution that eventually decompose in the ocean.

Human activity also contributes to water pollution. Chemicals and oils from factories are sometimes dumped or seep into waterways. These chemicals are called runoff. Chemicals in runoff can create a toxic environment for aquatic life. Runoff can also help create a fertile environment for cyanobacteria , also called blue-green algae . Cyanobacteria reproduce rapidly, creating a harmful algal bloom (HAB) . Harmful algal blooms prevent organisms such as plants and fish from living in the ocean. They are associated with “ dead zones ” in the world’s lakes and rivers, places where little life exists below surface water. Mining and drilling can also contribute to water pollution. Acid mine drainage (AMD) is a major contributor to pollution of rivers and streams near coal mines . Acid helps miners remove coal from the surrounding rocks . The acid is washed into streams and rivers, where it reacts with rocks and sand. It releases chemical sulfur from the rocks and sand, creating a river rich in sulfuric acid . Sulfuric acid is toxic to plants, fish, and other aquatic organisms. Sulfuric acid is also toxic to people, making rivers polluted by AMD dangerous sources of water for drinking and hygiene . Oil spills are another source of water pollution. In April 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil rig exploded in the Gulf of Mexico, causing oil to gush from the ocean floor. In the following months, hundreds of millions of gallons of oil spewed into the gulf waters. The spill produced large plumes of oil under the sea and an oil slick on the surface as large as 24,000 square kilometers (9,100 square miles). The oil slick coated wetlands in the U.S. states of Louisiana and Mississippi, killing marsh plants and aquatic organisms such as crabs and fish. Birds, such as pelicans , became coated in oil and were unable to fly or access food. More than two million animals died as a result of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Buried chemical waste can also pollute water supplies. For many years, people disposed of chemical wastes carelessly, not realizing its dangers. In the 1970s, people living in the Love Canal area in Niagara Falls, New York, suffered from extremely high rates of cancer and birth defects . It was discovered that a chemical waste dump had poisoned the area’s water. In 1978, 800 families living in Love Canal had to a bandon their homes. If not disposed of properly, radioactive waste from nuclear power plants can escape into the environment. Radioactive waste can harm living things and pollute the water. Sewage that has not been properly treated is a common source of water pollution. Many cities around the world have poor sewage systems and sewage treatment plants. Delhi, the capital of India, is home to more than 21 million people. More than half the sewage and other waste produced in the city are dumped into the Yamuna River. This pollution makes the river dangerous to use as a source of water for drinking or hygiene. It also reduces the river’s fishery , resulting in less food for the local community. A major source of water pollution is fertilizer used in agriculture . Fertilizer is material added to soil to make plants grow larger and faster. Fertilizers usually contain large amounts of the elements nitrogen and phosphorus , which help plants grow. Rainwater washes fertilizer into streams and lakes. There, the nitrogen and phosphorus cause cyanobacteria to form harmful algal blooms. Rain washes other pollutants into streams and lakes. It picks up animal waste from cattle ranches. Cars drip oil onto the street, and rain carries it into storm drains , which lead to waterways such as rivers and seas. Rain sometimes washes chemical pesticides off of plants and into streams. Pesticides can also seep into groundwater , the water beneath the surface of the Earth. Heat can pollute water. Power plants, for example, produce a huge amount of heat. Power plants are often located on rivers so they can use the water as a coolant . Cool water circulates through the plant, absorbing heat. The heated water is then returned to the river. Aquatic creatures are sensitive to changes in temperature. Some fish, for example, can only live in cold water. Warmer river temperatures prevent fish eggs from hatching. Warmer river water also contributes to harmful algal blooms. Another type of water pollution is simple garbage. The Citarum River in Indonesia, for example, has so much garbage floating in it that you cannot see the water. Floating trash makes the river difficult to fish in. Aquatic animals such as fish and turtles mistake trash, such as plastic bags, for food. Plastic bags and twine can kill many ocean creatures. Chemical pollutants in trash can also pollute the water, making it toxic for fish and people who use the river as a source of drinking water. The fish that are caught in a polluted river often have high levels of chemical toxins in their flesh. People absorb these toxins as they eat the fish. Garbage also fouls the ocean. Many plastic bottles and other pieces of trash are thrown overboard from boats. The wind blows trash out to sea. Ocean currents carry plastics and other floating trash to certain places on the globe, where it cannot escape. The largest of these areas, called the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, is in a remote part of the Pacific Ocean. According to some estimates, this garbage patch is the size of Texas. The trash is a threat to fish and seabirds, which mistake the plastic for food. Many of the plastics are covered with chemical pollutants. Land Pollution Many of the same pollutants that foul the water also harm the land. Mining sometimes leaves the soil contaminated with dangerous chemicals. Pesticides and fertilizers from agricultural fields are blown by the wind. They can harm plants, animals, and sometimes people. Some fruits and vegetables absorb the pesticides that help them grow. When people consume the fruits and vegetables, the pesticides enter their bodies. Some pesticides can cause cancer and other diseases. A pesticide called DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) was once commonly used to kill insects, especially mosquitoes. In many parts of the world, mosquitoes carry a disease called malaria , which kills a million people every year. Swiss chemist Paul Hermann Muller was awarded the Nobel Prize for his understanding of how DDT can control insects and other pests. DDT is responsible for reducing malaria in places such as Taiwan and Sri Lanka. In 1962, American biologist Rachel Carson wrote a book called Silent Spring , which discussed the dangers of DDT. She argued that it could contribute to cancer in humans. She also explained how it was destroying bird eggs, which caused the number of bald eagles, brown pelicans, and ospreys to drop. In 1972, the United States banned the use of DDT. Many other countries also banned it. But DDT didn’t disappear entirely. Today, many governments support the use of DDT because it remains the most effective way to combat malaria. Trash is another form of land pollution. Around the world, paper, cans, glass jars, plastic products, and junked cars and appliances mar the landscape. Litter makes it difficult for plants and other producers in the food web to create nutrients . Animals can die if they mistakenly eat plastic. Garbage often contains dangerous pollutants such as oils, chemicals, and ink. These pollutants can leech into the soil and harm plants, animals, and people. Inefficient garbage collection systems contribute to land pollution. Often, the garbage is picked up and brought to a dump, or landfill . Garbage is buried in landfills. Sometimes, communities produce so much garbage that their landfills are filling up. They are running out of places to dump their trash. A massive landfill near Quezon City, Philippines, was the site of a land pollution tragedy in 2000. Hundreds of people lived on the slopes of the Quezon City landfill. These people made their living from recycling and selling items found in the landfill. However, the landfill was not secure. Heavy rains caused a trash landslide, killing 218 people. Sometimes, landfills are not completely sealed off from the land around them. Pollutants from the landfill leak into the earth in which they are buried. Plants that grow in the earth may be contaminated, and the herbivores that eat the plants also become contaminated. So do the predators that consume the herbivores. This process, where a chemical builds up in each level of the food web, is called bioaccumulation . Pollutants leaked from landfills also leak into local groundwater supplies. There, the aquatic food web (from microscopic algae to fish to predators such as sharks or eagles) can suffer from bioaccumulation of toxic chemicals. Some communities do not have adequate garbage collection systems, and trash lines the side of roads. In other places, garbage washes up on beaches. Kamilo Beach, in the U.S. state of Hawai'i, is littered with plastic bags and bottles carried in by the tide . The trash is dangerous to ocean life and reduces economic activity in the area. Tourism is Hawai'i’s largest industry . Polluted beaches discourage tourists from investing in the area’s hotels, restaurants, and recreational activities. Some cities incinerate , or burn, their garbage. Incinerating trash gets rid of it, but it can release dangerous heavy metals and chemicals into the air. So while trash incinerators can help with the problem of land pollution, they sometimes add to the problem of air pollution. Reducing Pollution Around the world, people and governments are making efforts to combat pollution. Recycling, for instance, is becoming more common. In recycling, trash is processed so its useful materials can be used again. Glass, aluminum cans, and many types of plastic can be melted and reused . Paper can be broken down and turned into new paper. Recycling reduces the amount of garbage that ends up in landfills, incinerators, and waterways. Austria and Switzerland have the highest recycling rates. These nations recycle between 50 and 60 percent of their garbage. The United States recycles about 30 percent of its garbage. Governments can combat pollution by passing laws that limit the amount and types of chemicals factories and agribusinesses are allowed to use. The smoke from coal-burning power plants can be filtered. People and businesses that illegally dump pollutants into the land, water, and air can be fined for millions of dollars. Some government programs, such as the Superfund program in the United States, can force polluters to clean up the sites they polluted. International agreements can also reduce pollution. The Kyoto Protocol , a United Nations agreement to limit the emission of greenhouse gases, has been signed by 191 countries. The United States, the world’s second-largest producer of greenhouse gases, did not sign the agreement. Other countries, such as China, the world’s largest producer of greenhouse gases, have not met their goals. Still, many gains have been made. In 1969, the Cuyahoga River, in the U.S. state of Ohio, was so clogged with oil and trash that it caught on fire. The fire helped spur the Clean Water Act of 1972. This law limited what pollutants could be released into water and set standards for how clean water should be. Today, the Cuyahoga River is much cleaner. Fish have returned to regions of the river where they once could not survive. But even as some rivers are becoming cleaner, others are becoming more polluted. As countries around the world become wealthier, some forms of pollution increase. Countries with growing economies usually need more power plants, which produce more pollutants. Reducing pollution requires environmental, political, and economic leadership. Developed nations must work to reduce and recycle their materials, while developing nations must work to strengthen their economies without destroying the environment. Developed and developing countries must work together toward the common goal of protecting the environment for future use.

How Long Does It Last? Different materials decompose at different rates. How long does it take for these common types of trash to break down?

  • Paper: 2-4 weeks
  • Orange peel: 6 months
  • Milk carton: 5 years
  • Plastic bag: 15 years
  • Tin can: 100 years
  • Plastic bottle: 450 years
  • Glass bottle: 500 years
  • Styrofoam: Never

Indoor Air Pollution The air inside your house can be polluted. Air and carpet cleaners, insect sprays, and cigarettes are all sources of indoor air pollution.

Light Pollution Light pollution is the excess amount of light in the night sky. Light pollution, also called photopollution, is almost always found in urban areas. Light pollution can disrupt ecosystems by confusing the distinction between night and day. Nocturnal animals, those that are active at night, may venture out during the day, while diurnal animals, which are active during daylight hours, may remain active well into the night. Feeding and sleep patterns may be confused. Light pollution also indicates an excess use of energy. The dark-sky movement is a campaign by people to reduce light pollution. This would reduce energy use, allow ecosystems to function more normally, and allow scientists and stargazers to observe the atmosphere.

Noise Pollution Noise pollution is the constant presence of loud, disruptive noises in an area. Usually, noise pollution is caused by construction or nearby transportation facilities, such as airports. Noise pollution is unpleasant, and can be dangerous. Some songbirds, such as robins, are unable to communicate or find food in the presence of heavy noise pollution. The sound waves produced by some noise pollutants can disrupt the sonar used by marine animals to communicate or locate food.

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Related Resources

Essay on Air Pollution for Students and Children

500+ words essay on air pollution.

Essay on Air Pollution – Earlier the air we breathe in use to be pure and fresh. But, due to increasing industrialization and concentration of poisonous gases in the environment the air is getting more and more toxic day by day. Also, these gases are the cause of many respiratory and other diseases . Moreover, the rapidly increasing human activities like the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation is the major cause of air pollution.

Essay on Air Pollution

How Air Gets Polluted?

The fossil fuel , firewood, and other things that we burn produce oxides of carbons which got released into the atmosphere. Earlier there happens to be a large number of trees which can easily filter the air we breathe in. But with the increase in demand for land, the people started cutting down of trees which caused deforestation. That ultimately reduced the filtering capacity of the tree.

Moreover, during the last few decades, the numbers of fossil fuel burning vehicle increased rapidly which increased the number of pollutants in the air .

Causes Of Air Pollution

Its causes include burning of fossil fuel and firewood, smoke released from factories , volcanic eruptions, forest fires, bombardment, asteroids, CFCs (Chlorofluorocarbons), carbon oxides and many more.

Besides, there are some other air pollutants like industrial waste, agricultural waste, power plants, thermal nuclear plants, etc.

Greenhouse Effect

The greenhouse effect is also the cause of air pollution because air pollution produces the gases that greenhouse involves. Besides, it increases the temperature of earth surface so much that the polar caps are melting and most of the UV rays are easily penetrating the surface of the earth.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Effects Of Air Pollution On Health

pollution essay translate in english

Moreover, it increases the rate of aging of lungs, decreases lungs function, damage cells in the respiratory system.

Ways To Reduce Air Pollution

Although the level of air pollution has reached a critical point. But, there are still ways by which we can reduce the number of air pollutants from the air.

Reforestation- The quality of air can be improved by planting more and more trees as they clean and filter the air.

Policy for industries- Strict policy for industries related to the filter of gases should be introduced in the countries. So, we can minimize the toxins released from factories.

Use of eco-friendly fuel-  We have to adopt the usage of Eco-friendly fuels such as LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas), CNG (Compressed Natural Gas), bio-gas, and other eco-friendly fuels. So, we can reduce the amount of harmful toxic gases.

To sum it up, we can say that the air we breathe is getting more and more polluted day by day. The biggest contribution to the increase in air pollution is of fossil fuels which produce nitric and sulphuric oxides. But, humans have taken this problem seriously and are devotedly working to eradicate the problem that they have created.

Above all, many initiatives like plant trees, use of eco-friendly fuel are promoted worldwide.

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Essay on Environmental Pollution: 100 Words, 200 Words

pollution essay translate in english

  • Updated on  
  • Apr 1, 2024

essay on environmental pollution

One of the biggest risks to life as we know it is environmental degradation. The water we drink, the air we breathe, and the ecosystems on which we depend are all impacted by pollution. People, animals, and plants will decline if pollution levels continue to rise since they won’t be able to adapt to a significantly altered environment. Are you struggling to write an essay on environmental pollution? If the answer is yes, then this blog will help you get some ideas to write an effective essay. Keep reading further to know more!

Table of Contents

  • 1 What is Environmental Pollution?
  • 2 Essay on Environmental Pollution – 100 Words 
  • 3 Essay on Environmental Pollution – 250 Words 
  • 4 Essay on Environmental Pollution – 500 Words 

What is Environmental Pollution?

The phenomenon of undesirable changes in the surroundings that are harmful to animals and plants, and leads to environmental degradation is known as environmental pollution. These changes can occur because of the solid, liquid or gaseous pollutants. For example, DDT, plastic, and heavy materials take more time to degrade and are known as notable pollutants. For the determination of risk assessment of public health, concentration of pollutants is measured.

Essay on Environmental Pollution – 100 Words 

The presence of contaminants in the environment is referred to as pollution. Gases like Carbon Dioxide (CO2) and Carbon Monoxide (CO), among others; solid pollutants like plastic, sewage, etc.; and chemicals like fertilisers, as well as those produced as byproducts in manufacturing, transportation, etc., are a few examples of polluting substances.

The immediate result of pollution is that it makes the world’s natural resources useless or toxic to use, as well as leads to the extinction of species and ecological imbalance. To stop more harm from occurring to the earth and its inhabitants due to environmental pollution, it is imperative to take proactive precautions.

Also Read: Essay on Pollution in Hindi 

Essay on Environmental Pollution – 250 Words 

When undesired elements, or pollutants, are present in the environment, it is said to be polluted. The environment is severely harmed by pollution, which poses a direct threat to it. Although the world has begun to understand the importance of addressing pollution if the planet and its biodiversity are to be conserved there is still a long way to go.

Everything that makes up the environment, including the air, water bodies, flora, and wildlife, is impacted by pollution in one way or another. There are four main types of pollution – Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Noise Pollution and Soil or Land Pollution . Additionally, pollution contributes to global issues including acid rain, global warming, and greenhouse gas consequences. A rise in the planet’s average surface temperature is referred to as global warming, and it causes starvation, floods, and droughts.

Environmental pollution has a wide-ranging impact. In addition to the current effects of pollution, a lack of effective pollution prevention measures also imperils the future of various species. The pollution is causing harm at a far faster rate than it can be healed. Reversing the environmental harm we have caused could take generations, and even then, it won’t be simple. It will require tight discipline and commitment to stop pollution.

The best ways feasible are being used by various nations to respond to these catastrophes. More efforts are being launched to raise public awareness about the dangers of pollution and the importance of preserving our ecosystem. Greener lifestyles are gaining popularity; examples include using wind and solar energy, new climate-friendly cars, and energy-efficient lighting. 

Also Read: Environmental Conservation

Essay on Environmental Pollution – 500 Words 

Pollution is the term used to describe the entry of pollutants into the environment. Noise, water, and air pollution are only a few of the several types of pollution. There is a direct relationship between the rise of pollution levels and illnesses among people. Therefore, it is important for everyone to be knowledgeable about pollution, its impacts, and effective ways to eliminate it. Our environment needs a balanced combination of all components, just like our body requires a balanced diet. The environment is polluted by any substance that is present above that limit for example rise in the levels of nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere causes harm to human health due to poor air quality. 

All forms of pollution, whether in the air, water, soil, or noise, have a negative impact on living things. Deadly diseases that are brought on by the contamination of soil, water, air, or sound affect organisms.

Among the most common disorders brought on by air pollution are acute lower respiratory infections in children, ischemic heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lung cancer. Air pollution is a major contributor to a number of ailments in India, including strokes, bronchitis, heart attacks, lung diseases, cancer, and early mortality from heart disorders. The most pressing issue in the world now is global warming, which is caused by air pollution.

Around the world, poor drinking water quality is the reason behind 50% of child deaths and 80% of illnesses, including more than 50 different diseases. Water pollution causes diarrhoea, skin diseases, malnutrition, and even cancer, as well as other issues that are related to it.

 Every day, noise pollution has an effect on millions of people. The most frequent result of this is noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Loud noises have the potential to cause stress, high blood pressure, heart disease, and sleep difficulties. Children in particular are prone to these health issues across the board in terms of age groups. Noise pollution is extremely harmful, and it’s especially deadlier for people with heart issues. 

Use of the 3Rs, or reduce, reuse, and recycle, is the first step in reducing pollution. People should use air conditioners less since they generate noxious gases, such as ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons, which will minimise air pollution.

Reducing the number of vehicles on the road will also help to clean up the planet’s air. The more often cars are used, the more dangerous chemicals like sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and hydrocarbons that contribute to major air pollution are released into the atmosphere.

Increasing public awareness is a further means of reducing pollution on Earth. Through programmes like the “Go Green” campaign, which urges people to plant more trees and use recyclable materials in their daily lives, awareness can be raised about the significance of eliminating pollution on Earth. The “Earth Hour” is another globally recognised event that calls for everyone to turn off all lights for one hour in order to raise awareness of the significance of reducing electricity usage in order to minimise pollution on Earth.

The government’s obligation to maintain national laws is one way to reduce pollution on Earth. Offenders should be subject to harsh penalties, such as increased fines and longer prison terms, which will force them to reconsider their influence on the environment and serve as a message to those who are not currently involved but who might be in the future.

Must Read: Essay on Pollution: Elements, Type, Format & Samples

Related Reads

Light Pollution  Radioactive Pollution  Soil Pollution  Water Pollution  Air Pollution  Thermal Pollution  Noise Pollution 

Mentioned below are some of the ways to control environmental pollution:  Walk or ride a bicycle to work instead of driving. While replacing a car go for a fuel-efficient vehicle.  When leaving the room turn off the lights and television to save energy.  Buy energy-efficient appliances. 

There are many things that cause pollution such as by-products of coal-fueled power plants, vehicle emissions, fumes from chemical production, etc.  

We hope you got some ideas to write an effective essay on environmental pollution. To read more informative articles like this one, keep following Leverage Edu . 

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Essay on Air Pollution in English 100, 200, 300, And 500 Words

Essay on air pollution in English: Dive into a world where the air we breathe is not as pure as it seems. India, our beloved land, faces a hidden adversary: air pollution. This invisible foe affects millions, altering our health and environment. Through understanding its causes and impacts, we can unite to combat it. Join us on this enlightening journey, and let’s clear the air together.

In this article, we have provided 100, 200, 300, and 500-word air pollution essays.

Essay on Air Pollution in 100 Words

Imagine a world where the sky is no longer blue. Air pollution is turning our skies grey. It’s a problem we all face, affecting our health and planet.

Air pollution comes from many sources like cars, factories, and even our homes. Tiny particles and gases mix with the air, making it dirty. This dirty air can make us sick, causing problems like asthma and heart disease. Animals and plants suffer too, with their habitats becoming polluted. Clean air is essential for all living things on Earth to thrive and stay healthy.

Air pollution is a serious issue. It’s up to us to make changes. Together, we can clean the air for a brighter, healthier tomorrow.

Essay on Air Pollution in 200 Words

Imagine waking up to a gray sky, where the air is thick with smog. This is not a scene from a dystopian novel but the reality of air pollution in many cities today. Air pollution poses a grave threat to our health and the environment, making it an issue that cannot be ignored.

Air pollution consists of harmful substances released into the air, primarily by human activities. These include gases like carbon dioxide, which contributes to global warming, and particulate matter, which can penetrate our lungs, causing respiratory issues. Vehicles, industries, and even agricultural practices contribute to this menace. The effects are alarming, leading to health problems such as asthma, heart disease, and even premature death. Moreover, air pollution damages ecosystems, affecting water quality and wildlife. It also impacts climate patterns globally, leading to unpredictable weather. The visibility of landmarks and the beauty of our cities are marred by the haze of pollutants, affecting tourism and daily life.

The air we breathe is turning into a poison. It’s high time we take concerted action to tackle this issue. Reducing pollution requires collective effort and significant changes in our lifestyle and policies.

Essay on Air Pollution in 300 Words

Air pollution, a dire environmental crisis, is not a distant threat but a current global challenge. It indiscriminately affects every corner of the globe, from the most bustling urban cities to the most serene rural countryside. Understanding and confronting this menace is an urgent necessity. We must act swiftly to mitigate its impact.

Air pollution comprises various harmful substances released into our atmosphere. Numerous sources contribute to this pervasive issue, including industrial factories, vehicles on our roads, agricultural activities, and widespread deforestation. These pollutants, often invisible to the naked eye, deceive us into believing the air we breathe is clean. In reality, they pose severe health risks to humans and animals alike. Conditions such as respiratory infections, heart disease, and even premature death have been directly linked to air pollution exposure. Vulnerable populations, particularly children and the elderly, are disproportionately affected. Beyond human health, wildlife and natural ecosystems also suffer significant harm, disrupting the delicate balance of our natural world.

Pollution knows no borders, spreading its toxic reach across countries and continents, underscoring the need for a unified global response. In areas heavily burdened by pollution, clean air has become a rare, luxury commodity. Initiatives to curb emissions and reduce pollution are in motion, but the scale of action remains insufficient. Transitioning to renewable energy sources, enforcing stricter environmental regulations, and promoting sustainable practices are critical steps forward. Everyone, from governments to individuals, holds a stake in this fight against air pollution. By making informed choices and small changes in our daily lives, we can contribute to a larger, positive impact.

Confronting air pollution is an immense challenge, yet it is not beyond our collective capability to overcome it. By fostering awareness, encouraging proactive action, and facilitating global cooperation, we can pave the way toward a cleaner, healthier future. The air we breathe is fundamental to life; safeguarding its purity is a responsibility we all share.

Essay on Air Pollution in 500 Words

Imagine a world where every breath you take is a challenge. This is not a scene from a dystopian movie but a harsh reality in many parts of our planet due to air pollution. Air, a vital element for all living beings, is becoming a cocktail of poisonous gases. The sky, once clear and blue, now often wears a blanket of smog. This situation is alarming and demands our immediate attention.

Air pollution happens when harmful substances mix with the air we breathe. This can include gases like carbon dioxide from cars and factories, smoke from burning trash, and tiny particles from construction sites. Even natural events like forest fires or volcanic eruptions can add to air pollution. These pollutants can harm our health, making it hard to breathe, and hurt the environment by harming plants and animals. Everyone needs to help reduce air pollution by using less energy.

Air pollution has several harmful effects on both our health and the environment. Firstly, it can cause respiratory problems like asthma and bronchitis, as it makes the air we breathe dirty with chemicals and particles. Secondly, it can lead to heart disease because pollutants can enter our bloodstream through the lungs. Thirdly, air pollution affects wildlife and plants, making it hard for them to survive in their natural habitats. It also contributes to climate change by increasing the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, leading to global warming. Lastly, it can cause acid rain, which harms trees, soils, and water bodies

Types of air pollution:

  • 1. Particulate Matter (PM): Tiny particles or droplets in the air, like dust, soot, and smoke. They can harm our lungs and heart.
  • 2. Nitrogen Oxides (NOx): Gases that come mostly from car exhausts and power plants. They can make the air hazy and form smog.
  • 3. Sulfur Dioxide (SO2): A gas from burning fossil fuels like coal. It can cause acid rain, which harms plants, animals, and buildings.
  • 4. Carbon Monoxide (CO): A colorless, odorless gas from burning things like wood and gasoline. It’s harmful because it can block oxygen from getting into our bodies.
  • 5. Ozone (O3): A gas that’s good high up in the atmosphere but harmful at ground level, causing smog and respiratory problems.
  • 6. Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs): Chemicals from paints, cleaners, and gasoline. They can cause smog and health issues.

Air Pollution Reduction Steps:

Plant More Trees: Trees absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen. Planting more trees helps clean the air.

  • Use Public Transport: Cars produce a lot of pollution. Using buses, trains, or carpooling reduces the number of vehicles on the road.
  • Recycle and Reuse: Producing new things causes pollution. By recycling and reusing, we reduce waste and pollution.
  • Save Energy: Turn off lights and electronics when not in use. Using less energy reduces pollution from power plants.
  • Educate Others: Share what you know about air pollution and its solutions with friends and family to spread awareness.

Related post:

  • Air pollution paragraph
  • 10 Lines air pollution

Air pollution is a daunting challenge, but it is not insurmountable. Awareness and action can lead us to a cleaner, healthier future. Together, we can clear the air.

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English Summary

Essay on Pollution in English

Pollution is a gift to us of developing cities and towns with the growing development and progress of industries. Noise, water, soil and air pollution are the different kinds of pollutions. Smoke pollution and water pollution are caused by industrialization.

Smoke pollution is caused by the smoke emanating from industries, traffic and machines. Buses and other vehicles running on roads cause a great deal of smoke pollution. Rivers of India are mostly polluted by the water is thrown into it from industrial units.

It has become difficult to protect the atmosphere because of the pollution prevailing. Pollution has become the main factor causing many diseases like tuberculosis, diarrhoea, skin and lung problems, etc. The smoke of factories contains dust particles, carbon dioxide, nitrogen and many types of poisonous gases.

These gases are harmful for your body Noise pollution can affect our communication, our capacity for hearing and our health. If a person is exposed to loud noises for long periods, there may be significant and permanent loss of hearing.

Most investigations have shown that loud noises can create anxiety and stress and in extreme cases fright. Psychologists tell us that when the noise level goes up, work efficiency goes down. If we want to control the pollution we should try to plant more trees. It is high time that the government took some measures to control this ever-increasing menace

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pollution essay translate in english

Essay on Pollution in 150, 250, 500 Words- Types, Effects, How to Reduce

Essay on Pollution

Essay on Pollution in 150, 250, 500 Words – Students of almost each class get an assignment or homework to write an essay on pollution. The word limit can be 150, 250 or 500 depending upon the class they study. Students from class 1 to 12 can take help of this short essay about pollution taking important points. Take help from this short essay on pollution in English to complete their homework on time. To help students, we have provided a pollution essay in 150, 250, 500 Words. Instead of using the exact words, students are suggested to modify the word and include more thoughts to make the essay on pollution more enticing. With the help of a well-phrased pollution essay, students will be able to get good marks in their final exams. Also read- Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Essay on Pollution in 500 Words

Pollution is the presence of harmful substances in the environment. These harmful substances are called pollutants. There are various types of pollution that are Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Noise pollution and more. Because of the increase in population, pollution is also increasing on a daily basis. People are getting hazardous diseases with the increased level of pollution. Hence, everyone should be aware of the pollution, its effects and how to reduce it effectively. Also read- Essay on My School

What is Pollution?

Like a balanced diet for a healthy body, our environment also needs every substance in a balanced proportion. If any substance increases more than its threshold amount then it pollutes the environment such as increased carbon dioxide, Nitrogen oxides in the atmosphere pollutes the air and adversely affects the health of humans. Also Read- Essay on Diwali

Types of Pollution

There are different types of pollution that affect different sections of the environment.

  • Air Pollution
  • Water Pollution
  • Noise Pollution
  • Soil Pollution
  • Environment Pollution

Effects of Pollution

Due to the pollution, people and the environment are getting affected in different ways. Here are some of the most recognised bad impacts of pollution.

  • People exposed to high levels of noise pollution face hearing problems, high blood pressure, sleep disturbance and other issues.
  • Because of the high level of air pollution, Global warming is increasing which will further depleting the ozone layer. Besides, breathing problems are increasing in humans.
  • Many species of animals and birds are at the verge of extinction such as sparrow which are almost extinct.
  • Increased water pollution is destroying life underwater. 
  • Pesticides used in crops are increasing the risk of cancer and other dangerous diseases. Continuous increase of soil pollution is making the soil infertile.

How to Reduce Pollution?

People should join hands to reduce pollution. So that our coming generations can experience the healthy environment. To preserve the healthy living environment, people should take some precautions and measures. Check the below steps that can help in reducing the pollutants-

  • Reduce the use of non-biodegradable things – Environment has a property of reviving itself by degrading the naturally produced substances. However, the non- biodegradable things like plastic bags and bottles pollute the environment.
  • Plant more trees – To decrease the air pollution and save the species, it is very important to plant more number of trees. Trees help in purifying the air by adding more oxygen in the environment.
  • Less Use of Chemicals – With advancement in technology, many chemical-made substances are used to improve the yield of food products. People should produce food without using pesticides and 
  • Reduce Population – Continuously increasing population is the major reason for increased pollution. People should follow the policy We two, our two (hum do hamare do) to keep the population under control.
  • Recycling is also a very effective and efficient way to reduce the pollution. It helps in limiting the use of non- biodegradable products.

Essay on Pollution in 250 words for Class 5 Students

Pollution is referred as the presence of harmful substance in the environment. It impact on every person, animal or lining creature on this earth. These unwanted substances added in the environment also known as pollutant. These pollutant creates various diseases and often lead to death of the living creature. There are different types of pollution, and each one has its own problems.

  • Air Pollution: When pollutant or harmful elements are present in air is called Air Pollution. Air pollution is formed from smoke and gases from cars and factories get into the air we breathe. It can make our air dirty and cause us to get sick with coughs and other bad things.
  • Water Pollution: When factories dump dirty water into rivers or lakes, it makes the water dirty and not safe to drink. This hurts the fish and other animals living in the water too.
  • Soil Pollution: Sometimes, chemicals from things like trash and pesticides get into the soil. This makes it hard for plants to grow and can even make our food unsafe to eat.
  • Noise Pollution: Have you ever heard loud sounds that bother you? That’s noise pollution! It comes from things like cars honking, machines at work, and even loud music. It can make it hard for animals to hear and cause people to feel stressed.
  • Light Pollution : At night, when there are too many lights on, it can confuse animals that need darkness. Even we humans need dark nights to sleep well!

Pollution is a big problem, but we can help stop it! We can do things like using less energy, recycling our trash, and not wasting water. Governments and scientists are also working on ways to make cleaner technologies and laws to protect our environment.

Remember, we all share this beautiful planet, so let’s work together to keep it clean and safe for everyone! By learning about pollution and taking small steps to help, we can make a big difference and have a happy, healthy world for us and future generations.

Short Essay on Pollution

Pollution is a pressing global issue that threatens the health of our planet and its inhabitants. It refers to the introduction of harmful substances or contaminants into the environment, leading to adverse effects on air, water, soil, and living organisms.

Air pollution is one of the most significant forms of pollution, caused by emissions from vehicles, industries, and burning of fossil fuels. These pollutants, such as carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter, contribute to respiratory diseases, smog, and climate change.

Water pollution occurs when harmful substances are discharged into rivers, lakes, and oceans, contaminating drinking water sources and harming aquatic life. Industrial waste, agricultural runoff, and improper disposal of sewage are major contributors to water pollution.

Soil pollution, often caused by industrial activities, mining, and improper waste disposal, degrades soil quality and affects agricultural productivity. Contaminants like heavy metals, pesticides, and chemicals can accumulate in the soil, posing risks to human health and the environment.

Pollution not only harms the environment but also impacts human health, leading to respiratory illnesses, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer. It also disrupts ecosystems, causing biodiversity loss and ecological imbalance.

Addressing pollution requires collective action at local, national, and global levels. Implementing stricter regulations, adopting cleaner technologies, promoting renewable energy sources, and raising public awareness are crucial steps in mitigating pollution and safeguarding the planet for future generations. It’s imperative that we take urgent and concerted efforts to combat pollution and protect the health and well-being of all living beings on Earth.

Essay on Pollution in 150 words

Pollution is a significant environmental issue that affects our planet and its inhabitants. It occurs when harmful substances or contaminants are introduced into the environment, leading to adverse effects on air, water, soil, and living organisms.

One of the most prevalent forms of pollution is air pollution, caused by emissions from vehicles, industries, and burning of fossil fuels. These pollutants include carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter, which can cause respiratory illnesses, smog, and climate change.

Water pollution is another pressing concern, resulting from the discharge of pollutants into rivers, lakes, and oceans. Industrial waste, agricultural runoff, and improper sewage disposal contaminate water sources, endangering aquatic life and compromising human health.

Soil pollution, caused by industrial activities and improper waste disposal, degrades soil quality and affects agricultural productivity.

Pollution poses serious health risks to humans and wildlife, disrupts ecosystems, and threatens biodiversity. To combat pollution, it’s essential to adopt sustainable practices, reduce emissions, and promote environmental conservation efforts. Only by working together can we mitigate pollution and safeguard the health of our planet for future generations.

10 Lines of Pollution

  • Pollution is the introduction of harmful substances or contaminants into the environment.
  • It can take various forms, including air pollution, water pollution, and soil pollution.
  • Air pollution is caused by emissions from vehicles, industries, and burning of fossil fuels.
  • Water pollution occurs due to the discharge of pollutants into rivers, lakes, and oceans.
  • Soil pollution results from industrial activities, mining, and improper waste disposal.
  • Pollution poses serious health risks to humans, including respiratory diseases and cancer.
  • It also harms wildlife and ecosystems, leading to biodiversity loss and habitat destruction.
  • Plastic pollution, caused by the accumulation of plastic waste, is a major concern in oceans and water bodies.
  • Pollution is exacerbated by unsustainable practices and overconsumption of natural resources.
  • Addressing pollution requires collective action and sustainable solutions to protect the environment and human health.

Essay on Pollution- How to Write Effectively?

While writing an essay on Pollution, students should keep a few tips in mind to get good marks.

  • Always highlight the important facts or information so that the teacher can get the highlights at one glance. This will improve the readability of the essay on pollution. 
  • Make sure you write essays in pointers to make it easier to read. If the essay is of 10 marks then do not forget to add 10 unique lines in points. This will help in getting good scores in the essay writing section.
  • Students can use some facts and quotes to support their statement that will give some extra points in board exams.

Also Read- Essay on Internet

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Smart English Notes

Environmental Pollution Essay

Environmental pollution.

Environment includes all the natural surroundings such as the earth‘s atmosphere, pure air, and drinkable water. It also incudes wildlife and other natural resources.

Our earth is the only planet in the universe which has an environment suitable for life. Nature has gifted us everything in its pure form so that it doesn‘t harm us in any way. But man has been polluting the environment in a number of ways in the name of modern advancement and development.

In fact, pollution is one of the most dangerous problems that the modern world is facing. It has affected the whole bio-world. No man, animal, bird, beast, reptile, or insect is safe from its evil influences. It has endangered the entire plant world. It is hanging like a naked sword over our head.

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Air pollution is the greatest threat. The whole atmosphere has become poisonous. Man‘s craze for industrialization is the main cause of this trouble. The nuclear experiments have damaged the protective ozone layer beyond repairs. Many respiratory diseases are the direct outcome of air pollution.

Water pollution, too, is spreading at an alarming pace. It is the main cause of many diseases – Jaundice, diarrhea, dysentery, etc. Besides man, the whole zoological and botanical world is under the threat of water pollution. The vast spread of water life is terribly facing the threat of water pollution. Many rivers and water bodies are biologically dead.

Soil pollution is not a lesser threat. It is affecting agriculture. Lands have started going barren. It will result in famines and people will starve to death. The earth will be bald and the species will perish. Noise pollution has deprived us of peace. It had added to our tense life. Many mental diseases – tension, depression, stress, etc. have their roots in noise pollution. It has led to many heart ailments.

We live in environment. We breathe in it and grow within it. So our life depends upon it. It has become the most vital topic of discussion these days. Its prime reason is that it is getting polluted extremely and so affecting our life badly. We must take steps to check this demon of pollution from growing out of control as it is the fruit of our own irresponsible deeds. Either we have to end pollution or pollution is going to end us.

2 thoughts on “Environmental Pollution Essay”

  • Pingback: Essay Writing: Types, Components/Format , Characteristics and Samples - Smart eNotes

I think it is moral obligation of every one to contribute something good to the environment. Protection of environment means protection of the life.

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pollution essay translate in english

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Pollution essay with quotations and outline

 This page has an essay on environmental pollution in Pakistan. The essay is specially written for class 12 and 2nd year students. The quotations have been included in the essay. The outline is also given. The essay can be used by BA students too. It is also good for 10th class.

Pollution essay for 2nd year with quotations

Pollution essay for 2nd year with quotations

10th class students may not include quotations to keep the essay short. The outline is given for college-level and degree-level students.

Essay on Pollution in English

1. What is pollution

2. Types of Pollution

3. Causes of Pollution

4. Effects of Pollution

5. Our responsibility

6. Measures to control pollution

7. Conclusion

Pollution is the forerunner of perdition - John Trapp
Pollution should never be the prices of prosperity - Al Gore
Pollution- if you don't kill it, it will kill you - Anonymous
The more we pollute the earth the less we deserve to live on earth. - M.M Ildan

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  • Speech on Pollution

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Pollution Speech in English

Pollution is one of the greatest challenges the world is facing today. It is the introduction of harmful pollutants in the environment that degrades the quality of air, water, and soil. As human civilization progressed, we invented machines and products that can ease our life. During this process, we exploited nature, and started polluting it. We are in a time of crisis where the glaciers in Antarctica are melting due to global warming.

Pollution not only affects the environment but also introduces diseases that could kill all living organisms. Toxic chemicals released in water have killed aquatic life and also reduced the quality of water. Toxic gasses released in the air cause different lung diseases such as asthma etc. More and more legislative acts are passed to control pollution and it has been adopted by governments all around the world. However, only legislative acts and protocols cannot help in controlling the pollution as it is the duty of every individual to act on his or her own to control pollution. It is also very important that children from an early age should be educated about pollution and the effect it has on the environment and their future.

  

Here we have provided a long and short speech on pollution and along with that we have also given 10 line pointers about the pollution speech in English.

Long Speech on Pollution

Good morning everyone present over here today. I feel honored to be selected to give a speech on pollution. In this speech, I will try my best to explain to you all what pollution is, its effects, and how it can be controlled. 

Pollution is the presence of harmful contaminants in the natural environment that cause harm and damage and leads to adverse changes. Before blaming someone else for the pollution let us as a generation self analyze ourselves. There is no one, in particular, we can blame for the increase in pollution except humankind. We, humans, are responsible for the exponential increase of pollution in the environment. Throughout centuries as our civilization progressed and found new ways to earn, learn and develop we have exploited mother nature in a bigger way. The harmful substances and the effluents released into the atmosphere by the factories, industries, and household waste have made an impact in contaminating the environment.

As we all know there are three kinds of pollution and those are air, water, and soil pollution. Air pollution is mostly caused due to the presence of harmful substances and contaminants in the air. These harmful gasses are released by vehicles, dust, dirt, and poisonous gasses from the manufacturing factories. The use of vehicles or the products made at factories may make our lives easy but it also has caused a lot of effects on the environment. The harmful gasses released from vehicles and factories cause a lot of respiratory diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, etc. The harmful pollutants in the air can cause the ozone layer to deplete which leads to the ultraviolet rays entering the earth’s atmosphere which can cause serious health problems, even cancer. Radioactive pollution is a product of air pollution that has a serious effect on living organisms. Some of the harmful effects of Radioactive pollution are skin cancer, burning of the skin, etc.

Water pollution is caused when toxic substances get mixed in water bodies such as rivers, lakes, and oceans. The toxic substances could be chemical fertilizers from the agricultural field or the poisonous Industrial waste, sewage water. marine dumping etc. This waste generated from different sources is directly drained into the large water bodies which get mixed in the drinking water and causes water pollution. The toxics that get mixed with water bodies have bacteria, germs, etc that can be life-threatening to all living organisms. Due to water pollution, the amount of drinking water is reducing every day which is causing a lot of problems for everyone.  Similarly, soil pollution is the contamination of the soil with toxic pollutants. The toxic substances could be the chemicals present in fertilizers, pesticides, and industrial chemicals.

Though we receive the benefits of using the products from industries knowingly and unknowingly we are the reason for exploiting the earth. We overuse the resources provided by mother nature and then are so careless to not think about the future. One example of overuse of the resources of nature is the use of fertilizers to increase the production of crops. Though there is an increase in the production of crops due to fertilizers it has also become the reason for land and water pollution due to the presence of the chemicals in the fertilizers. We can also give the example of Industries to get us products that ease our life but the toxic gasses released from the factories are destroying the Earth. 

So how can we correct things? how can we make sure that we don’t exploit nature?. As a community, it is our sole responsibility to fight against pollution by using eco-friendly things instead of using the non-biodegradable substances. Pollution of any kind cannot be eliminated completely but it can be controlled. We can overcome pollution by taking small measures in our day-to-day lives. We should be aware of small preventive measures that could help in controlling pollution. Do not throw domestic waste near the water bodies, instead throw the garbage at the garbage disposal site. Avoid using vehicles as it causes pollution. Carpooling and bike pooling are the best methods of reducing the usage of many vehicles, electric cars and bikes could be used instead of the vehicles which run on petrol and diesel.

To conclude this speech I want to say that every kind of pollution has a negative impact on the environment, animals and human lives. We as humans should take important steps for a better future. A lot of innocent lives are put in danger because of pollution so we should take part in an initiative to fight and control this problem. Together we can control pollution. Thank you for listening.

Short Speech on Pollution

Good morning to everyone present here today. I am honored to be here and to be given the opportunity to speak about the rising problem of our generation which has been a concern for many for over a decade, that is pollution. Pollution is the contamination of the environment by the introduction of harmful pollutants in it. Pollution has three types which are air pollution, water pollution, and soil pollution. We all know what these types of pollutants are and the pollutants that cause it so  I will keep the speech short and not take much of anyone’s time. Thus I will not go into a detailed explanation about all the types of pollution and their effects because by this time I assume everyone knows about it.

In this speech on pollution, I will talk about our responsibility to save the environment and how we can save the future. Firstly I want to make it clear that pollution of any type cannot be completely eliminated but it can be controlled. It is our responsibility to take small steps to control pollution such as not throwing domestic waste near water bodies such as rivers, lakes, etc. Domestic waste is considered to be the major reason for water pollution so it is your sole responsibility to take care of the domestic waste. Throw it to the nearest garbage disposal site. Secondly, it is very important to use electric vehicles instead of the usual ones which consume petrol and diesel. Carpooling and bike pooling options could be considered to reduce the use of vehicles which will, in turn, reduce air pollution. All parents should educate children about pollution and its effect on the environment. This step is very important as it creates a sense of care and awareness in the mind of children to take care of the environment. It is high time to take any action and put a ban on the usage of a different carcinogenic compound such as polymers. To conclude I want to say that it is our responsibility to control the pollution and save the future or else we all are going to pay for it. Thank you for listening. 

10 Lines Pollution Speech in English

Pollution can be defined as the introduction of harmful substances in the environment. 

The harmful substances are called pollutants. Pollutants could be natural such as gasses released from volcanic eruptions.

Pollutants could also be man-made such as the trash from the domestic waste or the harmful chemicals from the industries. 

Pollutants damage the quality of air, water, and soil and thus it causes water, air, and soil pollution. 

Water pollution can decrease the quality of drinking water which in modern times has caused a lot of problems for everyone as there is very less drinking water available.

Air pollution can cause many respiratory diseases such as asthma, bronchitis, etc. Air pollution also causes smog which is not good for anyone. 

It is the responsibility of every parent to teach their child about pollution and the effect it can have on the environment. 

Pollution of any type cannot be completely eliminated but it can be controlled if we take important steps. 

Pollution was created by the human race so it is our responsibility to control it.

The use of Electric vehicles instead of the usual vehicles that run on fuel could help in reducing air pollution. Taking small steps slowly is better than not taking any steps at all to control pollution. 

Key points to remember about pollution 

Pollution is caused by many harmful things in the environment. It contaminated our earth and because of it, there are other global problems that are increasing. Because of pollution, people are also affected with many illnesses and this can stop only if we take some measures to stop pollution or atleast to put some effort into reducing it. Many harmful usage of products like plastic and thermocol are also the causes of pollution. The types of pollution are: -

Air pollution.

Water pollution.

Soil pollution.

Radioactive pollution.

Noise pollution.

Air pollution is caused by the release of harmful chemicals, contaminants like toxic gasses in the earth environment. These harmful gasses cause dangerous health issues. Water pollution occurs when these harmful chemicals or contaminants are released in the water body. Because of these water animals like fishes and sharks lose their life very frequently and lead to a biological imbalance. Soil pollution is the degradation of land because of harmful chemicals that are released into the soil for reasons like gardening and so on. Some causes of soil pollution are: -

Industrial Activity

Agricultural Activities

Waste Disposal

Accidental Oil Spills

Radioactive pollution on the other hand means that harmful chemicals or elements that are released because of radioactive activities. Noise pollution is caused when an excessive amount of noise is released in the atmosphere that disrupts the natural balance of the earth. 

What does pollution affect?

Pollution affects everyone. There are many kinds of pollution and when one or many pollutants are released in the air, then it causes great harm to the global environment. People are not the only creatures who suffer from pollution, many water body animals, and land animals are also affected and even the flora and fauna of the world is negatively impacted. Although the harm of pollution is immediately noticed only in the close by areas, it has a long-lasting negative impact on the entire world. This is also one of the reasons why climate change is in an unavoidable increase. If people take steps to reduce all kinds of pollution, then it will be possible to bring back the balance of the environment.

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FAQs on Speech on Pollution

1. What is pollution?

Pollution is caused when harmful contaminants are released in the environment. There are many kinds of pollution in the world that disrupt the balance of the earth. Because of pollution, many living creatures on the planet suffer very hard, including human beings. Pollution kills globally and it affects millions of people. 

2. What are the types of pollution?

There are 5 types of pollution. All kinds of pollution happens because toxic chemicals are released in the atmosphere that affect the lives of living creatures. The types of pollutions are: -

3. What are the causes of soil pollution?

Soil pollution is the degradation of land because of harmful chemicals that are released into the soil for reasons like gardening and so on. Some causes of soil pollution are: -

Decreased Soil Fertility

Nuclear sources

Deforestation

Biological agents

4. Does pollution affect water animals?

Pollution affects all living creatures. Water pollution occurs when these harmful chemicals or contaminants are released in the water body. Because of these water animals like fishes and sharks lose their life very frequently and lead to a biological imbalance. Because of water pollution, the balance in the water is reduced and contaminated which causes the earth of so many water animals. 

5. What are the causes of pollution?

Pollution is the presence of harmful contaminants in the natural environment that cause harm and damage and leads to adverse changes. There are many causes of pollution like wastage, deforestation and usage of harmful products and so on. Pollution came into existence because of the human race so it is in our hands to reduce pollution and save the earth. Causes of pollution are: -

 Fossil Fuels

Industrial Emission

Indoor Air Pollution

Microbial Decaying Process

Transportation

Open Burning of Garbage Waste

Construction and Demolition

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प्रदूषण पर निबंध Essay On Pollution In Hindi And English

प्रदूषण पर निबंध Essay On Pollution In Hindi And English : Pollution Essay In Hindi: Air, earth, water, Soil are important elements of life on earth.

but in the present world Pollution is a global problem. its rising day by day by our cause and their bedside effects face our upcoming generation.

pradushan par nibandh in this 150, 200, 250, 300, 500, 800 and 1000 words Essay On Pollution for students and kids.

they read in class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 talking about Essay On Pollution In Hindi And English language for free and you can download this Pollution in India essay pdf file.

let us begin Pollution In Hindi in our second part of the paragraph before this read  Pollution essay English.

प्रदूषण पर निबंध Essay On Pollution In Hindi And English

Introduction- by the term pollution, we mean the rotten stage or the destruction of the purity of some things.

these days, it is mainly used for the pollution of natural environment i.e Earth, water, noise and Air.

Main Cause Of pollution In our Life

water pollution-  wastage of oil refineries and atomic plants is dumped into the rivers and the seas. nearly the wastage and leftover of all of our mills and factories is drained into the river.

dirty water containing fifth form our houses add to the pollution. this water lacks oxygen. thus the river water is polluted and the fish and allied creatures living in the water die away.

air pollution-

we Along with other living beings pollute the air when we outhale our breathing.

the smoke coming out of the Chemical of factories, mills, workshops, hearths and airways system modern navigate the system, generator sets, railway engines ass to it. like other persons you also must be owning a vehicle.

the smoke coming out of their silencers make matter from bad to worse. dr. vibes have written that every year nearly sixty-ton carbon goes up and gathers in the atmosphere.

the air pollution may cause lungs cancer, asthma and other slow dangerous directly concerned out system.

nitrogen oxide cause diseases of lungs, hearts, skin, and eyes. ozone cause pain chest, cough, and eye disease. even sometimes non-curable skin diseases are caused by it.

noise pollution-  the roaring vehicles, thundering machines and allied loud sound cause noise pollution.

dr. vibasi has observed that the noise of 95 decibels may increase systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure up to 7 ml. and 3 ml. respectively.

Earth pollution – discharge of urine and excreta as well as spitting here and there, throwing the garbage on streets instead of putting in the dustbin,

the blowing of wind full of garbage, dirt and sand, the falling of garbage in bites here and there from the overloaded municipal carts and trucks add to earth pollution.

Pollution Solution-  it is our duty to use water carefully according to our needs so that the least possible water be polluted.

instead of falling the polluted water into rivers and seas, it should be stored in the barren piece of land away from the populated area.

the use of fuel given out smoke should be minimized. the engine’s such a way as the pollution exhaust be negligible.

machinery bearing the I.S.I. mark of trusted firms should be brought into use to reduce noise pollution.

in the context of earth pollution, human waste should be kept in the dustbin. for spitting, bathing and discharging etc. only proper places should be used.

प्रदूषण पर निबंध Essay On Pollution In Hindi

सामान्य अर्थ में प्रदूषण का अर्थ बर्बाद तथा किसी भी वस्तु के बिगड़े हुए स्वरूप को कहा जाता है. जिसके कारण उस वस्तु के मौलिक तत्वों का विनाश हो जाता है. विभिन्न प्रकार के ये प्रदूषण आज मुख्य रूप से विद्यमान है. भूमि प्रदूषण, जल प्रदूषण, ध्वनि प्रदूषण, वायु प्रदूषण आदि.

प्रदूषण का के मुख्य कारण

जल प्रदूषण-

तेल रिफाइनरियों और परमाणु संयंत्रों से निकलने वाले जल व अपशिष्टों को नदियों और समुद्रों में फेंक दिया जाता है। लगभग सभी मिलों और कारखानों का अपशिष्ट और बचे हुए नदी को नदी में निकाला जाता है।

इसके अतिरिक्त घरों से निकलने वाले नाले भी इन जल स्रोतों में मिला दिया जाता है, जिससे जल प्रदूषित हो जाता है तथा उसमें रहने वाले जलीय जीव मर जाते है.

वायु प्रदुषण-

कल कारखानों, मीलों, वाहनों तथा हवाई जहाजो से निकलने वाला धुआं हमारे वायु मंडल को दूषित करता है. किसी बाहरी कारक के कारण वायु के भौतिक तत्वों में बदलाव आना ही वायु प्रदूषण कहलाता है. मुख्य रूप से धुआ सबसे अधिक वायु प्रदूषण को फैलाता है.

पुराने तथा डीजल से चलने वाले वाहन सबसे अधिक प्रदूषण फैलाते है। डॉ। विबासी ने लिखा है कि हर साल लगभग साठ टन कार्बन ऊपर जाता है और वातावरण में इकट्ठा होता है। वायु प्रदूषण फेफड़ों के कैंसर, अस्थमा जैसे रोग वायु प्रदूषण के फलस्वरूप फैलते है.

नाइट्रोजन ऑक्साइड फेफड़ों, दिल, त्वचा, और आंखों की बीमारियों का कारण बनता है। ओजोन छाती में दर्द , खांसी, और आंख की बीमारी का कारण बनती है।

ध्वनि प्रदूषण-

तेज गर्जन करने वाले वाहन, वातानुकूलित मशीनों और जनरेटर से निकलने वाली कर्णकटू ध्वनि ही ध्वनि प्रदूषण का कारण बनती है। डॉ। विबासी ने लिखा है कि 95 डेसिबल का शोर सिस्टोलिक ब्लड प्रेशर और डायस्टोलिक ब्लड प्रेशर को क्रमशः 7 मिलीलीटर, 3 मिलीलीटर तक बढ़ा सकता है।

भूमि प्रदूषण –

मूत्र और उत्सर्जन के निर्वहन के साथ-साथ यहां-वहां थूकने, कूड़े करकट को कचरापात्र  में डालने की बजाए सड़कों पर कचरा फेंकना, गंदगी और रेत से भरी हवा चलने, इधर उधर कचरा डालना ओवरलोडेड नगरपालिका गाड़ियां और ट्रक भूमि प्रदूषण में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाते हैं।

प्रदूषण की समस्या का समाधान-

हमारी जरूरतों के हिसाब से पानी का सावधानीपूर्वक उपयोग करना हमारा कर्तव्य है ताकि कम से कम जल प्रदूषित हो। प्रदूषित पानी को नदियों और समुद्रों में गिरने के बजाय, इसे आबादी वाले इलाके से दूर भूमि के बंजर भाग में प्रवाहित करना चाहिए।

अधिक प्रदूषण फैलाने वाले ईंधन के उपयोग को कम किया जाना चाहिए। समय समय पर अपनी गाडी के इंजन की मरम्मत करवानी चाहिए.

नई बिल्डिंग अथवा फैक्ट्री को आबादी से दूर तथा शौर को कम करने वाले संयंत्रो का उपयोग करना चाहिए. कचरा हमेशा कचरा पात्र में ही डाले. गंदे पानी को जल स्रोतों में कभी न डाले, यदि ऐसा कोई करता है तो इसकी शिकायत करे.

  • वायु प्रदूषण पर निबंध
  • जल प्रदूषण पर निबंध
  • पर्यावरण प्रदूषण पर निबंध

उम्मीद करता हूँ दोस्तों प्रदूषण पर निबंध Essay On Pollution In Hindi And English का यह निबंध आपको पसंद आया होगा. यदि आपको प्रदूषण पर हिंदी और इंग्लिश में दिया गया निबंध पसंद आया हो तो अपने फ्रेड्स के साथ जरुर शेयर करें.

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